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Detailed record for Harley 3376

Title Alphabetical glossary of rare Latin words (imperfect)
Origin England, W?
Date 4th quarter of the 10th century or 1st half of the 11th century
Language Latin, Old English
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Initials highlighted in red (eg., f. 72).
Dimensions in mm 210 x 150mm (150/65 x 100/10mm)
Official foliation ff. 94 (+ 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation I8 (ff. 1-8), ii10(ff. 9-18), iii-v8(ff. 19-42), vi8+1(ff. 43-51),vii-viii8(ff. 52-67), ix8+1(ff. 68-76), x4(ff. 77-80), xi14(ff. 81-94).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Probably in the West of England, in the 13th century: partly legible marginal notes from this period are in a western dialect of Old English (ff. 16-17) (see Ker 1957).
John Warburton (b. 1682, d. 1759), of Bury, county Lancashire, antiquary and herald, Somerset Herald in 1720: sold to Edward Harley in 1720.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes This portion of a glossary contains Latin words from 'a' to 'fu'. Most words are glossed in Latin, with some Old English glosses as explanations of the Latin glosses and some words having Old English glosses only. The contents are related to glossaries in Epinal, Bibliotheque Municipale MS 72, Erfurt, Stadtbucherei Amplonianus MS F. 42 and Corpus Christi College MS 114, but with added material.
One folio from this manuscript (containing the entries for the letters 'In') is now Bodleian, Latin Misc MS a. 3, f. 49. Another, formerly of the Phillips collection, was lost during the 20th century (see Ker 1957), but is now Lawrence, University of Kansas, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, Pryce P2A:1 (see Stokes 2014).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), p. 21

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 240.

R. T. Oliphant, The Harley Latin-Old English Glossary, edited from British Museum MS Harley 3376 (The Hague: Mouton, 1966) [complete edition].

Terence Bishop, 'The Corpus Martianus Capella, in Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 4 (1967) 257-75 (p. 258).

Old English Glosses in the Épinal-Erfurt Glossary, ed. by J. D. Pheifer (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974), pp. xxxv-xxxvi.

Michael W. Herren, ‘Hiberno-Latin Lexical Sources of Harley 3376’, in Words, Texts and Manuscripts: Studies in Anglo-Saxon Culture Presented to Helmut Gneuss on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifty Birthday, ed. by Michael Korhammer with Karl Reichl and Hans Sauer (Woodbridge: Brewer, 1992), pp. 371-79.

Margaret Laing, Catalogue of sources for a linguistic atlas of early medieval English (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 1993), p. 96.

Biblical Commentaries from the Canterbury School of Theodore and Hadrian, ed. by Bernhard Bischoff and Michael Lapidge, Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England, 10 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), p. 540.

Michael Lapidge, Anglo-Latin Literature 600-899 (London: Hambledon Press, 1996), p. 471n.

Helen McKee, 'Scribes and Glosses from Dark Age Wales: The Cambridge Juvencus Manuscript', Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies, 39 (Summer 2000) 1-22.

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 436.

Peter A. Stokes, English Vernacular Minuscule from Æthelred to Cnut, c. 990-c. 1035, Publications for the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies, 14 (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2014), pp. 19, 33, 64, 68-69, 76, 98-99, 101, 220.


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f. 1v
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f. 1v
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f. 49
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