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Detailed record for Harley 4375

ff. 1-84v 
Author Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse
Title Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 2, vol. 1)
 
ff. 85-172v 
Author Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse
Title Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 2, vol. 2)
 
ff. 173-264v 
Author Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse
Title Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 2, vol. 3)
 
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date between 1473 and c. 1480
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Attributed to Maître François
Decoration 3 full-page miniatures, in colours and gold (ff. 1, 45, 77). 18 small column-wide miniatures with large decorated initials and column-wide three-sided foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 11v, 15v, 25v, 31, 33, 38, 39v, 42, 43, 50v, 55, 62v, 65v, 68, 70, 70v, 72v, 79). Large decorated initials, in colours and gold. Small initials in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line fillers decorated in gold and blue. Capital letters highlighted in yellow.
Dimensions in mm 470 x 350 (280 x 185) in two columns
Official foliation vol. 1, ff. 84 (+ 1 paper and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 2 paper flyleaves at the end); vol. 2, ff. 88 (+ 2 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 at the end); 94 (ff. 165-66 are medieval parchment flyleaves; + 2 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. All volumes bound in green leather. Tooled fore edge, with quartered arms of Philippe de Comines and 'PH' monogram, no longer visible due to interleaving. Old covers kept separately.
Provenance Philippe de Commynes (b. 1447, d. 1511), after his marriage, 27 January 1473: arms (quartered with that of his mother, Marguerite d'Arnemude), and monogram of Philippe and his wife, Hélène de Chambes-Montsoreau (d. 1531) on full-page miniatures (ff. 1, 45, 77; 123; 179).
Inscribed in a 15th/16th century hand: 'v grandes figures et Li [sic!] petites' (f. 265).
The Benedictine abbey of Ste. Geneviève, Paris: erased inscription (f. 1); inventories of the library, between 1681 and 1687, and between 1710 and 1719 (see Kohler 1893).
Charles Davis (bap. 1693, d. 1755), bookseller, an apprentice to the London bookseller Nathaniel Noel: sold to the Harleys on 24 January 1722/3 (see Diary 1966; Wright 1972 where a mistake is made in the date).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts. Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The first part of this work is Harley 4374, bound in 3 vols.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), III, nos. 4374 and 4375.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 18.

Charles Kohler, Catalogue des manuscrits de la bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, 2 vols (Paris, 1893-96), I, pp. XCI, XCIV.

G. F. Warner, Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: [n. pub.], 1903), pl. 50.

Alexandre de Laborde, Les Manuscrits à peintures de la Cité de Dieu de Saint Augustin, 3 vols (Paris: Socie´te´ des Bibliophiles Franc¸ais, 1909), II, p. 405, III, pl. LVII-LVIII.

G. F. Warner, Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts (London: [n. pub.], 1907), II, pl. XXXIII.

G. F. Warner, Valerius Maximus. Miniatures of the School of Jean Fouquet, illustrating the French version by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse, contained in a MS. written about A.D.1475 for Philippe de Comines (London: Quaritch, 1907), passim.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-30), VI: French: Mid 14th to 16th Centuries, pp. 12-13, pl. 13.

Loren MacKinney and Thomas Herndon, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, New Series, 5 (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), no. 86.47.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 186 n. 1.

Robert Lucas, 'Medieval French Translations of the Latin Classics to 1500', Speculum, 45 (1970) , 225-53 (p. 247).

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 110, 125, 266.

Dorothy M. Schullian, ‘A Revised List of Manuscripts of Valerius Maximus’, Miscellanea Augusto Campana. Medioevo e Umanesimo 45 (1981), 695-728 (p. 708).

Janet Backhouse, 'French Manuscript Illumination, 1450-1530', in Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983), 143-92 (p. 147, fig. III.15).

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les manuscrits à peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), pp. 50, 528 [exhibition catalogue].

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 172.

Nicolas Bell, Music in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2001), p. 54.

'M. Valerius Maximus. Factorum et dictorum memorabilium libri novem: Traduction de Simon de Hesdin et Nicolas de Gonesse (1375-1401)', in Frédéric Duval and Jeanne Viellard, Miroir des classiques 17 (Éditions en ligne de l'École des chartes) [http://elec.enc.sorbonne.fr/miroir/valeremaxime/traduction/?para=Hesdin_Gonesse#mspartie1] [accessed 14 May 2008].


Images

ff. 1-84v
Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 2, vol. 1)
* * *
 
Scenes of clemency and treachery

f. 1
Scenes of clemency and treachery
Decorated initial

f. 2
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 3
Decorated initial
 


f. 11v


f. 15v


f. 25v
 


f. 31


f. 33


f. 38
 


f. 39v


f. 39v


f. 42
 


f. 43


f. 45


f. 50v
 


f. 55


f. 62v


f. 65v
 


f. 68


f. 70
Slave being tortured

f. 70v
Slave being tortured
 
Slave being tortured

f. 70v
Slave being tortured
Slave being tortured

f. 70v
Slave being tortured
Slave being tortured

f. 70v
Slave being tortured
 


f. 72v


f. 77
Detail

f. 77
Detail
 


f. 79


f. 90v


f. 96
 


f. 102v


f. 106v


f. 106v
 


f. 113


f. 113


f. 118
 


f. 120
Horatii and Curatii

f. 123
Horatii and Curatii
Horatii and Curatii

f. 123
Horatii and Curatii
 
Horatius slays the Curatii

f. 123
Horatius slays the Curatii
Horatius slays his sister

f. 123
Horatius slays his sister
Justice

f. 135v
Justice
 
Hortensia

f. 138v
Hortensia
Scene from Roman history

f. 139
Scene from Roman history
Torture

f. 140
Torture
 
Torture

f. 140
Torture
Torture

f. 140
Torture
Court scene

f. 141
Court scene
 
Court scene

f. 141
Court scene


f. 142v


f. 144
 
Chess and musicians

f. 151v
Chess and musicians
Chess

f. 151v
Chess
Chess

f. 151v
Chess
 
Trio of musicians

f. 151v
Trio of musicians


f. 153


f. 155v
 


f. 157v


f. 158


f. 159
 


f. 160v


f. 161v


f. 167
 
Two knights battling

f. 171v
Two knights battling
Two knights battling

f. 171v
Two knights battling


f. 171v
 
Scene from Roman history

f. 179
Scene from Roman history
Scenes from Roman history

f. 179
Scenes from Roman history
Scenes from Roman history

f. 179
Scenes from Roman history
 
Women spinning

f. 179
Women spinning


f. 196v


f. 213v
 


f. 226


f. 228


f. 233
 


f. 235


f. 237v


f. 240v
 


f. 242
Luxury

f. 245
Luxury


f. 249v
 


f. 255


f. 257v


f. 258v
 


f. 261

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