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Detailed record for Harley 4374

ff. 1-80v 
Author Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse
Title Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 1, vol. 1)
 
ff. 81-168v 
Author Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse
Title Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 1, vol. 2)
 
ff. 169-252 
Author Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse
Title Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 1, vol. 3)
 
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date between 1473 and c. 1480
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Attributed to Maître François
Decoration 1 full-page miniature, in colours and gold (f. 1). 8 small column-wide miniatures with large decorated initials and column-wide three-sided or partial foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 16, 25, 29v, 31v, 39v, 56, 68v, 77v). Large decorated initials, in colours and gold. Small initials in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line fillers decorated in gold and blue. Capital letters highlighted in yellow.
Dimensions in mm 475 x 350 (280 x 185) in two columns
Official foliation vol. 1, ff. 80 (+ 1 paper and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 2 paper flyleaves at the end); vol. 2, ff.88 (+ 2 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end); vol. 3, ff. 85 (f. 253 is a medieval parchment flyleaf; + 2 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment and 1 paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. All volumes bound in green leather. Tooled fore edge, with quartered arms of Philippe de Comines and 'PH' monogram, no longer visible due to interleaving. Old covers kept separately.
Provenance Philippe de Commynes (b. 1447, d. 1511), after his marriage, 27 January 1473: arms (quartered with that of his mother, Marguerite d'Arnemude), and monogram of Philippe and his wife, Hélène de Chambes-Montsoreau (d. 1531) on full-page miniatures (ff. 1; 88, 161; 211).
Inscribed in a 15th/16th century hand: 'iv grandes / xxiii [sic!] petites' (f. 253v).
The Benedictine abbey of Ste. Geneviève, Paris: erased inscription (Harley 4375, f. 1); inventories of the library, between 1681 and 1687, and between 1710 and 1719 (see Kohler 1893).
Charles Davis (bap. 1693, d. 1755), bookseller, an apprentice to the London bookseller Nathaniel Noel: sold to the Harleys on 24 January 1722/3 (see Diary 1966; Wright 1972 where a mistake is made in the date).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts. Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The second part of this work is Harley 4375, bound in 3 vols.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), III, nos. 4374 and 4375.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 18.

Charles Kohler, Catalogue des manuscrits de la bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, 2 vols (Paris, 1893-96), I, pp. XCI, XCIV.

G. F. Warner, Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: [n. pub.], 1903), pl. 50.

Alexandre de Laborde, Les Manuscrits à peintures de la Cité de Dieu de Saint Augustin, 3 vols (Paris: Socie´te´ des Bibliophiles Franc¸ais, 1909), II, p. 405, III, pl. LVII-LVIII.

G. F. Warner, Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts (London: [n. pub.], 1907), II, pl. XXXIII.

G. F. Warner, Valerius Maximus. Miniatures of the School of Jean Fouquet, illustrating the French version by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse, contained in a MS. written about A.D.1475 for Philippe de Comines (London: Quaritch, 1907), passim.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 2, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1923), pl. 33.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-30), VI: French: Mid 14th to 16th Centuries, pp. 12-13, pl. 13.

Loren MacKinney, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 5, 2 parts bound together (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), II: Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts: A Checklist, with Thomas Herndon, no. 47.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 186 n. 1.

Robert Lucas, 'Medieval French Translations of the Latin Classics to 1500', Speculum, 45 (1970) , 225-53 (p. 247).

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 110, 125, 266.

Dorothy M. Schullian, ‘A Revised List of Manuscripts of Valerius Maximus’, Miscellanea Augusto Campana. Medioevo e Umanesimo 45 (1981), 695-728 (p. 708).

Janet Backhouse, 'French Manuscript Illumination, 1450-1530', in Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983), 143-92 (p. 147, fig. III.15).

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les manuscrits à peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), pp. 50, 528 [exhibition catalogue].

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 172.

'M. Valerius Maximus. Factorum et dictorum memorabilium libri novem: Traduction de Simon de Hesdin et Nicolas de Gonesse (1375-1401)', in Frédéric Duval and Jeanne Viellard, Miroir des classiques,17 (Éditions en ligne de l'École des chartes) [http://elec.enc.sorbonne.fr/miroir/valeremaxime/traduction/?para=Hesdin_Gonesse#mspartie1] [accessed 14 May 2008].


Images

ff. 1-80v
Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 1, vol. 1)
* * *
 
Presentation of the text

f. 1
Presentation of the text


f. 2v
Text page

f. 3v
Text page
 


f. 16


f. 25


f. 29v
 


f. 31v


f. 39v


f. 56
 
Castor and Pollux

f. 68v
Castor and Pollux


f. 77v

ff. 81-168v
Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 1, vol. 2)
* * *
 
Scenes from history

f. 88
Scenes from history
Siege of Capua

f. 88
Siege of Capua


f. 129
 


f. 147


f. 147


f. 151
 


f. 155v
Scenes from history

f. 161
Scenes from history
Aemilius Lepidus

f. 161
Aemilius Lepidus
 
Images from the history of Rome

f. 161
Images from the history of Rome


f. 165

ff. 169-252
Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse Les Fais et les Dis des Romains et de autres gens (part 1, vol. 3)
* * *
 


f. 183


f. 188


f. 194
 


f. 196


f. 199


f. 206
 
Scenes from history illustrative of moderation

f. 211
Scenes from history illustrative of moderation


f. 224


f. 225v
 


f. 233v


f. 237v


f. 240
 


f. 244v
Miniatures

f. 249
Miniatures

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