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Detailed record for Royal 14 C XIII

Author Ranulf Higden; Gerald of Wales and others
Title Polychronicon (to 1327); Expugnatio Hibernia; travel writings, historical and religious texts (see Notes below for detailed contents)
Origin England
Date 2nd quarter of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Puzzle initials in red and blue with zoomorphic and/or foliate decoration, pen-flourishing and partial borders in both colours. Numerous initials in blue with pen-flourishing in red. Paraphs in red or blue. Small initials and rubrics in red. Running titles in blue or red and blue in the Polychronicon.
Dimensions in mm 370 x 220 (275 x 145)
Official foliation ff. i + 310 (+ 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the beginning and 1 after f. 12 + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red leather with gold tooling; arms of George II; gilt fore-edges.
Provenance Symonis Bozoun, prior of the Benedictine cathedral priory of the Holy Trinity, Norwich (1344-1352): inscribed 'liber fr[atri]s Symonis Bozoun Prioris Norwic' '(f. 14) and containing a list of books belonging to him with their prices (f. 13v), in which this manuscript is probably listed as 'Cronica mo[na]chi Cestr[ensis] cu[m] aliis', priced at 20 shillings.
The pressmark 'P. lxi' (f. 1) may be from Norwich priory but is unidentified.
The initials 'R.W.' in a later hand on f. I have not been identified.
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 3); listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 1434 (see The Lumley Library, 1956); passed to Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James V: his collection became part of the Royal Library.
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71 (f. 7v) and in the 1698 catalogue of the library of St James’s Palace (see [Edward Bernard], Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae, 3 vols. (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), II, nos. 8316, 8298, 8348, 8324 and 8350).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Detailed contents:
Ranulph Higden, Polychronicon (ff. 3-165);
Gerald of Wales, Expugnatio Hibernia (ff. 166-194);
Jacques de Vitry, Historia Orientalis (ff. 195-215);
Odoricus de Pordenone, Itinerarium (ff. 216-224);
Willelmus de Rubruk , Itinerarium ad partes orientalis (ff. 225-236);
Marco Polo, translated by Francesco Pipino, De conditionibus et consuetudinibus orientalium regionum (ff. 236-269);
Michael Blaunpayn of Cornwall, A satirical poem against Henry of Avranches (c. 1254) (ff. 269v-275);
Nicholas Trivet , Commentary on Augustine's 'De Civitate Dei' (ff. 276-309).
Ranulph Higden (d. 1364), was a monk of the Benedictine abbey of St. Werburg, Chester. His 'Polychronicon' is a universal history, based on earlier writers, but extended down to his own lifetime. This manuscript ends in 1327.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 137-38.

Josiah Russell, 'Mr Henry of Avranches as an International Poet', Speculum, 3.1 (1928), 34-63 (pp. 34n., 41n.).

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 175.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 138.

John Taylor, The Universal Chronicle of Ranulf Higden (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966), p. 154.

Malcolm Parkes, English Cursive Book Hands (London: Oxford University Press, 1969), no. 4.ii.

Robert Barlett, Gerald of Wales 1146-1223 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982), p. 214.

Peter Blinkley, 'The Date and Setting of Michael of Cornwall's Versus Contra Henricum Abrincensem', Medium Aevum 60 (1991), 76-84 [on the text].

A.G. Rigg, A History of Anglo-latin Literature 1066-1422 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 193-98, [on the text, ff. 269v-275].

John Frederick Hinnebusch, ‘Extant Manuscripts of the Writings of Jacques de Vitry’ Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 51 (1997), 156-64 (p. 157).


Images
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Contents list

f. 2
Contents list
Library catalogue

f. 13v
Library catalogue
Puzzle initial and ownership inscription

f. 14
Puzzle initial and ownership inscription
 
Puzzle initial

f. 53v
Puzzle initial
Decorated initial

f. 164
Decorated initial
Text page

f. 165v
Text page
 
Puzzle initial

f. 225
Puzzle initial
Pen-flourished initials

ff. 226v-227
Pen-flourished initials
Puzzle initial

f. 236
Puzzle initial
 

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