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Detailed record for Royal 5 F II

Author Athanasius, translated by Antonio Beccaria
Title Theological treatises
Origin England, S.
Date c. 1439- c. 1446
Language Latin
Script Humanistic
Scribe Antonio Beccaria of Verona
Artists Illuminated by an English artist imitating Italian designs. Other manuscripts illuminated by him are: Cambridge University Library Gg.i.34(i), Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Parker Library 285, Cambridge, King's College 27, and Cambridge St John's College C.10 (see Rundle 1998).
Decoration 4 decorated initials in colours and gold with grotesques and marginal extensions forming partial borders, at the beginning of the four first treatises (ff. 1, 32, 66v, 70). Space left for initials, at the beginning of other major divisions (ff. 92, 93, 101v, 103v, 104v, 109v, 110).
Dimensions in mm 235 x 175 (175 x 100)
Official foliation ff. 1*+2* + 131 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end; ff. 1*, 2*, 132 are medieval parchment flyleaves)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house
Provenance Added leaves from a Bible, 14th century (ff. 1*, 132).
Antonio Beccaria of Verona, translated and perhaps written by him for Humfrey [or Humphrey of Lancaster], duke of Gloucester (b. 1390, d. 1447), prince, soldier, and literary patron, duke of Gloucester from 1414, after he became Duke Humfrey's secretary (1438/39 -1445/6): his colophon, 'Athanasii viri sanctissimi de unitate substantiae deitatis / dialogus ex Graeco in Latinu[m] conversus per Antonium / Becariam Veronesem ad serenissimu[m] principem d[omi]n[u]m/ Humfredum Gloucestrix Ducem d[omi]n[u]m suu[m] singularissimu[m] / Locutores Athanasius, Arius et c.' (f. 69); and two ownership inscriptions of Humfrey, duke of Gloucester, 'Cest livre est a moy Homfrey duc de / Gloucestre le quel Jay fait translater / de grec en latyn par Antoyne de Becaria / Veroneys mon serviteur' (f. 91v), and 'Cest livre est a moy Homfrey duc de / gloucestre le quel Jay fait translater / de grec en latin par un de mes secre/taires Antoyne de Beccaria ne de Verone' (f. 131v).
Oxford University, given by Humfrey, duke of Gloucester, in 1444: included in a list of gifts in 1444 from Oxford University Register F (Dk.H1444, 21) (see Epistolae Academicae Oxon., ed. by H. Anstey, 2 parts (Oxford: Oxford Historical Society, 1898), I, p. 232, and Craster 1915).
Added drawing of a diagram entitled 'voluntarie wheele', 15th century (f. 69).
Ivey of Hullington, mentioned in a note, 16th century (f. 68v). Probably to be identified with Paul Ive (or Ivey), military engineer (d. 1603).
George Birche (or Breche), fellow of Brasenose College (1530-1538): ownership inscription with a date 1550, 'Georgius Bircheus est meus d[omi]n[u]s a[n]no d[o]m[in]I 1550 me[n]se martii pretium X s' (f. 1*v).
Richard Barnard, instituted to the parish of Colwall on 7 November 1574 (see Diocese of Hereford: Institutions, etc. 1539-1900, ed. by A. T. Bannister (Hereford: Cantilupe Society, 1923)): inscribed with his name, 'Ri: Barnard al[iu]s Nycolls parson of Collwall / 2 myles from Ledburie under Mulborne hill', (f. 2*).
John Theyer (bap. 1598, d. 1673), antiquary: inscription in his hand (f. 69v); included in the catalogue of his library left to his grandson Charles Theyer (b. 1651): see E. Bernard, Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae, 3 vols. (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), II, no. 6542.
Robert Scott (b. c. 1632, d. 1709/10), London bookseller: included in the catalogue of John Theyer’s manuscripts in his possession, made in 1678 by William Beveridge and William Jane, Royal Appendix, 70, no. 136.
Charles II (b. 1630, d.1685), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland: purchased from Scott together with other 311 manuscripts from Theyer's library.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes The texts include: Contra gentes, De incarnatione verbi, De unitate substantiae deitatis dialogus, as well as a selection of Athanasius' epistles.
Two manuscripts bound together (ff. 1-91 and 92-131).
The quire signatures in the first part show that sections, ff. 1-31, 32-69, and 70-91, were each written separately.
Quire signatures in the form of letters and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography K. H. Vickers, Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester: A Biography (London: Archibald Constable and Company, 1907), p. 377.

H. H. E. Craster, 'Index to Duke Humphrey's Gifts to the Old Library of the University in 1339, 1441, and 1444', The Bodleian Quarterly Record, 1 (1915) 129-35 (p. 132).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 120.

B. L. Ullman, ‘Manuscripts of Duke Humphrey of Gloucester’, in Studies in the Italian Renaissance, Storia e letteratura, 51 (Rome: Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1955), pp. 345-55 (first publ. in English Historical Review, 52 (1937), 670-72), (p. 354, no. 12).

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 143.

Roberto Weiss, 'Portrait of a Bibliophile XI: Humfrey, duke of Gloucester d. 1447', The Book Collector, 13 (1964) 161-70 (p. 163, pl. 1a)

Duke Humfrey and English Humanism in the Fifteenth Century: Catalogue of an Exhibition held in the Bodleian Library, Oxford (Oxford: Bodleian Library, 1970), no. 7.

A. C. de la Mare, 'Manuscripts Given to the University of Oxford by Humfrey, Duke of Gloucester', Bodleian Library Record, 12 (1988) 31-51 (pp. 47-51).

Paul Oskar Kristeller, Iter Italicum: Accedunt Alia Itinera: A Finding List of Uncatalogued or Incompletely Catalogued Humanistic Manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and other Libraries 7 vols (London: Warburg Institute; Leiden: Brill, 1963-1997), IV (1989), p. 199.

David Rundle, 'Two Unnoticed Manuscripts from the Collection of Humfrey, Duke of Gloucester: Part I', Bodleian Library Record, 16 (1998) 211-24 (p. 213).

Kathleen L. Scott, Dated and Datable English Manuscript Borders c. 1395-1499 (London: The Bibliographical Society, 2002), pp. 56-57, pls XVa, b.

Kristian Jensen, ‘Universities and colleges’ in The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland, ed. by Elisabeth Leedham-Green and Teresa Webber, 3 vols (Cambridge: University Press, 2006), Vol I: To 1640, pp. 345-62 (p. 348).

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 109 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 01 June 2011


Images
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Illuminated initial

f. 1
Illuminated initial
Text page

f. 31v
Text page
Illuminated initial

f. 32
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 32
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 66v
Illuminated initial
Colophon

f. 69v
Colophon
 
Illuminated initial

f. 70
Illuminated initial
Ownership inscription

f. 91v
Ownership inscription

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