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Detailed record for Royal 17 C XXXVIII

Author 'Sir John Mandeville'
Title Travels in Middle English
Origin England
Date between 1410 and 1420
Language English
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration 113 marginal miniatures in colours and gold, in the lower margins, some labelled by the scribe. Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 245 x 170 (165 x 125)
Official foliation ff. 61 (+ 5 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the end, ff. 1-3 are medieval parchment flyleaves)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Inscribed 'D. and Y. Knottesford', 15th century (f. 2).
Added itinerary from the Northern Europe to Florence, partially excised, late 15th century (f. 2).
Added drawing of points of a compass with names of the winds in Italian, late 15th century (f. 3).
Two added drawings of a head and of a vessel, 15th-16th century (ff. 14v, 17v).
Inscribed names of some members of the Osborne family: Harry, William, Anthony, Raff, John, and Thomas, 16th century? (f. 2).
Edward Banister, recusant and patron of the arts, inscribed with his name (f. 1).
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 8); listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 1258 (see The Lumley Library, 1956); passed to Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: his collection became part of the Royal Library.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Catchwords.
Select bibliography Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 15 and passim.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 249-50.

Malcolm Henry Ikin Letts, Sir John Mandeville: The Man and his Book (Batchworth Press: London, 1949), pp. 146-47, 169, pl. X.

Anna C. Paues, 'The Name of the Letter 3', Modern Language Review, 4 (1911), 441-54 (p. 445).

J. W. Bennet, The Rediscovery of Sir John Mandeville, Modern Language Association of America. Monograph Series, 19 (New York, 1954), pp. 290-91

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 158.

Michael Camille, The Gothic Idol: Ideology and Image-Making in Medieval Art (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), fig. 87.

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), no. 70A [with further bibliography].

Jane Roberts, Guide to Scripts used in English Writings up to 1500 (London: British Library, 2005), p. 199.


Images
* * *
 
Decorated initial

f. 8
Decorated initial
Justinian

f. 8v
Justinian
Helen and the crown of thorns

f. 9v
Helen and the crown of thorns
 
Mounts Olympus and Athos

f. 10v
Mounts Olympus and Athos
Mounts Olympus and Athos

f. 10v
Mounts Olympus and Athos
John with the eagle

f. 12v
John with the eagle
 
Elijah, James and John

f. 15
Elijah, James and John
The Dry Tree

f. 17v
The Dry Tree
The Dry Tree

f. 17v
The Dry Tree
 
Two kings

f. 18
Two kings
Two kings

f. 18
Two kings
Holy Sepulchre and Calvary

f. 19v
Holy Sepulchre and Calvary
 
Adrianus

f. 21v
Adrianus
Kings Herods

f. 23
Kings Herods
The River Jordan

f. 25
The River Jordan
 
The River Jordan

f. 25
The River Jordan
John the Baptist

f. 26v
John the Baptist
Hares

f. 28
Hares
 
Mount Syria and Virgin and Child

f. 29
Mount Syria and Virgin and Child
Mount Syria and Virgin and Child

f. 29
Mount Syria and Virgin and Child
Mohammed

f. 33
Mohammed
 
Noah's ark

f. 35v
Noah's ark
Amazon

f. 36
Amazon
Well in Ethiopia and a Sciapod

f. 36v
Well in Ethiopia and a Sciapod
 


f. 38v
Tomb of Thomas

f. 39
Tomb of Thomas
Compass of the world

f. 41v
Compass of the world
 
Dog attacking a man

f. 43
Dog attacking a man
Dog attacking a man and a Cynocephalus

f. 43
Dog attacking a man and a Cynocephalus
Cannibal, Cyclop and Blemmyae

f. 43v
Cannibal, Cyclop and Blemmyae
 
Four pillars of gold

f. 45
Four pillars of gold
Drawing of a man

f. 46
Drawing of a man


f. 46v
 
Philosopher

f. 48
Philosopher
Great Khan

f. 50
Great Khan


f. 52v
 
A fox

f. 53
A fox
Popin jay

f. 54
Popin jay
Giraffe

f. 57
Giraffe
 
Giraffe

f. 57
Giraffe
Feathered man

f. 59
Feathered man
Prester John

f. 59v
Prester John
 

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