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Detailed record for Egerton 2572

Part 1 ff. 5-43v; 54-70v 
Title Guild Book of the Barber Surgeons of York, including its ordinances
Origin England, N. (York?)
Date 2nd half of the 16th century, with additions until 1786
Language English and Latin
Script Gothic; Gothic cursive
Decoration 15 large miniatures in colours, of heraldry and portrait busts of English sovereigns from Henry VII to Elizabeth I (ff. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11) with additions of various dates, including some added on panels, of sovereigns to George III (ff. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24), each covered by a green silk curtain. Diagram in black and red (f. 54).
Dimensions in mm 275 x 190 (180 x 120)
 
Part 2 ff. 44-53 
Title Calendar, diagrams; medical texts
Origin England (N., York?)
Date last quarter of the 15th century (1486?)
Language Latin and English
Script Gothic
Decoration Full-page drawing in brown ink of a vein man (f. 50). Full-page drawing in brown ink with colour washes of a zodiac man (f. 50v). Full-page volvelle with movable parts with figures, in ink with colours and gold (f. 51). Full-page drawings of figures in ink with colours (f. 51v). Large 'KL' letters in blue with red pen-flourishing. Small initials in red or blue. Highlighting of letters in red. Diagrams in brown and red.
Dimensions in mm 275 x 195 (180 x 120)
 
Official foliation ff. 124 ( 5 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end + an unfoliated paper leaf after f. 114 and 12 after f. 118 + an unfoliated parchment leaf after f. 16 + 7 after f. 34)
Form Parchment and paper codex.
Binding Post-1600. Brown suede, extensively repaired, 10 June 1774 according to a note on f. 111v,, rebacked 1923, with metal clasps; marbled endpapers.
Provenance The Guild of the Barber Surgeons of York, made in 1486: inscription, a later copy of an earlier colophon (f. 5); its arms, crest, supporters and motto (f. 6); numerous later dated inscriptions and signatures of members from 1645 to 1780 (ff. 70v-124v); inscriptions and table of contents (ff. 1v-4).
E. M. Alexander: inscription in gold 'This Book came into the possession of Mr. E. M. Alexander by purchase A.D. 1817' (f. 34v).
W. H. Richardson; bought by the British Museum on 9 April, 1881, using the Farnborough Fund (£3,000 bequeathed in 1838 by Charles Long, Baron Farnborough (b. 1761, d. 1838), a cousin of Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829), founder of the collection.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1876-1881 (London: British Museum, 1882), no. Eg. 2572.

Loren MacKinney, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 5, 2 parts bound together (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), with Thomas Herndon, Part II, Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts: A Checklist, no. 39.

Margaret C. Barnet, 'The Barber-Surgeons of York', Medical History, 12 (1968), 19-30 (pp. 21, 23-24).

Rossell Hope Robbins, 'Medical Manuscripts in Middle English' Speculum: A Journal of Mediaeval Studies, 45 (1970), 393-415 (pp. 398, 402-03).

T. S. Pattie, Astrology as Illustrated in the Collections of the British Library and the British Museum (London: British Library, 1980), p. 31, pls 8, cover

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medical Miniatures (London: British Library, 1984), fig. 30.

John E. Murdoch, Album of Science: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, ed. by I. B. Cohen (New York: Scribner's Sons, 1984), no. 265.

Irma Taavitsainen, 'The Identification of Middle English Lunary MSS', Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 88 (1987), 18-26 (p. 25).

Irma Taavitsainen, 'A Zodiacal Lunary for Medical Professionals', in Popular and Practical Science of Medieval England, ed. by Lister M. Matheson, Medieval Texts and Studies, 11 (East Lansing: Colleagues Press, 1994), pp. 283-300 (pp. 283-91, pl. 4).

John B. Friedman, Northern English Book Owners, and Makers in the Late Middle Ages (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995), p. 245.

Carole Rawcliffe, Medicine & Society in Later Medieval England (Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 1995), p. 132 n. 24, pl. on pp. 66, 131.

Peter Whitfield, The Mapping of the Heavens (London: British Library, 1995), pl. on p. 58.

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), II, no.139 [with additional bibliography].

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medicine in Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd ed. (London: British Library, 1998), pp. 55-57, fig. 48.

Sophie Page, Astrology in Medieval Manuscript (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 54-55, pl. 45.

Hilary M. Carey, 'What is the Folded Almanac? The Form and Function of a Key Manuscript Source for Astro-medical Practice in Later Medieval England', Social History of Medicine, 16 (2003), 481-509 (p. 487).

Peter Murray Jones, ‘Image, Word, and Medicine in the Middle Ages’, in Visualising Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200-1550, ed. by Jean A. Givens, Karen M. Reeds, and Alain Touwaide, AVISTA Studies in the History of Medieval Technology, Science, and Art, 5 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), pp. 1-24 (p. 11).

Richard Wragg, ‘A Civic Relationship: The Guild Book of the Barbers and Surgeons of York as an Expression of Professional Status and City Authority’ in Occupying Space in Medieval and Early Modern Britain and Ireland, ed. by Gregory Hulsman and Caoimhe Whelan, Court Cultures of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, 4 (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2016), pp. 235-52


Images

Part  1   ff. 5-43v; 54-70v
Guild Book of the Barber Surgeons of York, including its ordinances
* * *
 
Arms

f. 6
Arms
Henry VII

f. 7
Henry VII
Henry VIII

f. 8
Henry VIII
 
Edward VI

f. 9
Edward VI
Queen Mary

f. 10
Queen Mary
Elizabeth I

f. 11
Elizabeth I
 
James I

f. 12
James I
Charles I

f. 13
Charles I
Charles II

f. 14
Charles II
 
Queen Anne

f. 18
Queen Anne
George I

f. 20
George I
George II

f. 22
George II
 
George III

f. 24
George III

Part  2   ff. 44-53
Calendar, diagrams; medical texts
* * *
 
September

f. 48
September
November

f. 49
November
December

f. 49v
December
 
Vein man

f. 50
Vein man
Zodiac man

f. 50v
Zodiac man
Zodiac man; volvelle

ff. 50v-51
Zodiac man; volvelle
 
Volvelle

f. 51
Volvelle
The Four Humours

f. 51v
The Four Humours

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