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Detailed record for Royal 18 E IV

Author Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas Gonesse
Title Facta et dicta memorabilia (Les Fais et Dis des Romains)
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date 1479
Language French
Script Gothic cursive (bâtarde)
Artists Master of the White Inscriptions, Master of the Flemish Boethius
Decoration 5 large miniatures in colours and gold, with full foliate borders containing the royal arms of England, and foliate initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of each book (ff. 19, 71, 109, 163, 229). Puzzle initials in gold and blue with pen-flourishing in red and black, at the beginning of chapters. Initials and paraphs in gold with black pen-flourishing, or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers in gold and blue. Running titles and chapter numbers in red and blue.
Dimensions in mm 475 x 325 (290 x 195)
Official foliation ff. 329 (1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with the royal arms, a date of 1757, and gilt edges.
Provenance Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland, made for him in 1479 in Bruges: the royal arms of England surrounded by the Garter with the motto 'Honny soit qui mal y pense' and surmounted by a crowned helm with a mantling in Edward IV's colours of red and blue and a crest of white lion (f. 19), with the royal arms differentiated by labels of three and five points for Edward's sons, Edward, prince of Wales, and Richard, duke of York, and the Yorkist badge with the motto 'Dieu est mon droit' (ff. 19, 71, 109, etc.); inscribed 'De anno', and '1479' in the background of a miniature of the translator at work (vol. 1, Royal 18 E III, f. 24).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): to be identified with 'Le second volume de Valere' in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 29; included in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 12v.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Second of two volumes; volume 1 is Royal 18 E III.
Includes Valerius Maximus, Facta et dicta memorabilia (books 5-9), in a French translation began in 1375 by Simon de Hesdin for Charles V of France (books 1-7, 4), and completed by Nicolas de Gonesse for Jean, duke of Berry, in 1400-1401; preceded by a list of contents (ff. 1-19v).
According to Kren and Mckendrick 2003, illuminated by the Master of the White Inscriptions (ff. 71, 109, 163, 229), and the Master of the Flemish Boethius (f. 19).
Catchwords written vertically and bifolium signatures. Foliation in red beginning on f. 1.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 6)

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 314.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 315.

Robert Lucas, 'Medieval French Translations of the Latin Classics to 1500', Speculum, 45 (1970), 225-53 (p. 247).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 907.

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', The Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 484).

D. M. Schullian, 'A Revised List of the Manuscripts of Valerius Maximus', in Miscelanea Augusto Campana, Medioevo e Umanesimo, 45 (Padua: Antenore, 1981), pp. 695-728 (p. 709).

Christopher De Hamel, A History of Illuminated Manuscripts, (Oxford : Phaidon, 1986), p. 133.

Janet Backhouse, ‘Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts’, in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 23-42 (p. 39).

McKendrick, Scot, ‘La Grande Histoire Cesar and the Manuscripts of Edward IV’, in English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 2, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths, (London: British Library, 1990), pp. 109-38, (p. 110).

Scot McKendrick, 'Lodewijk van Gruuthuse en de Librije van Edward IV', in Lodewijk van Gruuthuse, Mecenas en Europees Diplomaats ca. 1427-1492, ed. by M. P. J. Marten (Bruges, 1992), pp. 153-59 (p.159, n. 89).

Scot McKendrick, 'The Romuléon and the Manuscripts of Edward IV', in England in the Fifteenth Century, ed. by Nicholas Rogers, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 4 (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1994), pp. 149-69 (pp. 161, n. 68, 162, ns 74, 75, 65, n. 101).

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud: Sutton, 1997), p. 15, n. 32.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.29.

Hanno Wijjsman, 'William Lord Hastings, Les Faits de Jacques de Lalaing et le Maître aux inscriptions blanches à propos du manuscrit français 16830 de la Bibliothèque nationale de France', in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 1641-64 (p. 1652).

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), p. 290 [exhibition catalogue].

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 60 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, ‘The Manuscripts of Edward IV: The Documentary Evidence’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 149-77 (pp. 155, 161).


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Text page

f. 18v
Text page
Clemency of a conqueror

f. 19
Clemency of a conqueror
Clemency of a conqueror

f. 19
Clemency of a conqueror
 
Lucretia

f. 71
Lucretia
Gyges

f. 109
Gyges
Horatii and Curiatii

f. 163
Horatii and Curiatii
 
Text page

f. 228v
Text page
Lex Oppia

f. 229
Lex Oppia
Lex Oppia

f. 229
Lex Oppia
 
Text page

f. 292
Text page

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