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Detailed record for Stowe 2

Title Psalter, in the Gallican version, and canticles (ff. 168v-180v) with continuous English glosses, imperfect
Origin England, S. (Winchester?)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin and English
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration 3 large decorated initials in colours with foliate and/or interlace decoration and animal heads, a dragon, and/or animal masks at the beginning of Psalms 1, 51, and 101 (ff. 1, 56, 111v). Large initials in blue, green, purple, or red (some of the red oxidised), and a few with simple penwork decoration. Added marginal drawings in ink of dogs, a deer, a snail or a hand (ff. 87v, 90v, 95v, 96, 168v).
Dimensions in mm 280 x 180 (225 x 120)
Official foliation ff. 180 ( + unfoliated parchment flyleaves)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather with gold tooling around the edges including bees, snakes, grasshoppers, and insects.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of New Minster, Winchester: written by the same scribe as in three other manuscripts from this abbey, according to Bishop 1971.
Katherine Rudston: inscribed 'Kateryn Rudston', 16th century (f. 9).
Sir Henry Spelman (b. 1563/4, d. 1641), historian and antiquary: inscribed 'Henricj Spelman' (ff. 1, 180v); with the date 'May 17 1638' and 'imprimatur' (f. 180v) for the 1640 edition of the Psalter made by his son, Sir John Spelman (b. 1594, d. 1643), royalist author.
Walter Clavell, F. R.S., elected 1704, admitted to the Inner Temple in 1700, his sale, 29 March 1742, lot 18.
Thomas Astle (b. 1735, d. 1803), archivist and collector of books and manuscripts (the facsimile of f. 1 inscribed: 'Ex Bibliotheca Thomae Astlei Arm.' (Stowe 1061, f. 60); and that of f. 111v: 'Thomae Astlei, Arm.' (Stowe 1061 f. 61).
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839), 1st duke of Buckingham and Chandos, of Stowe House, near Buckingham inscribed with the press-mark 'Press 3 No.28'' (inside upper cover) corresponding to his catalogue; see O’Conor 1818-1819.
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1797, d. 1861), 2nd duke of Buckingham and Chandos: sold in 1849 to Lord Ashburnham.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham, of Ashburnham Place, Sussex.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: purchased by the British Museum from him together with 1084 other Stowe manuscripts in 1883.
Notes Added marginal notated incipits of Psalms.
Musical notation: late Anglo-Saxon neumes on 3-line brown staves (C and F clefs), England (New Minster – Winchester ?) 12th century (ff. 32-115 sporadically).
The Collects part of the Spanish series, according to Wilmark 1949.
Select bibliography Charles O'Conor, Bibliotheca Ms. Stowensis: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Stowe Library, 2 vols (Buckingham: Seeley, 1818-1819), II, 27-34.

Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1895-1896), I, no. 2.

Georg Swarzenski, Die Regensburger Buchmalerei des X. und XI. Jahrhunderts, (Leipzig: Hiersemann, 1901), p. 120.n. **.

André Wilmart, The Psalter Collects From V-Vith Century Sources, ed. by Louis Brou, Henry Bradshaw Society, 83 (London: Harrison and Sons, 1949), pp. 24-25.

Cecilia Sisam and Kenneth Sisam, The Salisbury Psalter, edited from Salisbury Cathedral MS. 150, Early English Text Society, 242 (London: Oxford University Press, 1959), p. ix (as 'F').

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 271.

Francis Wormald, 'An English Eleventh-Century Psalter with Pictures: British Museum, Cotton MS Tiberius C. VI', Walpole Society, 38 (1962), 1-14, pls 1-30 (pp. 1, 6).

James L. Rosier, 'The Stowe Canticles', Anglia: Zeitschrift für Englische Philologie, 82 (1964), 397-432.

Minnie Cate Morrell, A Manual of Old English Biblical Materials (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1965), pp. 101-103 (as 'Spelman (F)') [with additional bibliography].

T. A. M. Bishop, English Caroline Minuscule (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971), p. xv.

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), no. 99, p. 64, pl. 296 [with additional bibliography].

The Stowe Psalter, ed. by Andrew C. Kimmens, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979). [edition].

Francis Wormald, Collected Writings, ed. by J. J. G. Alexander, T. J. Brown, and Joan Gibbs, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1984), I: Studies in Medieval Art from the Sixth to the Twelfth Centuries, pp. 123, 128.

C. R. Dodwell, ‘The Final Copy of the Utrecht Psalter and its Relationship with the Utrecht and Eadwine Psalters’, Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 44 (1990), 21-53 (p. 28 n. 32).

The Eadwine Psalter: Text, Image, and Monastic Culture in Twelfth-Century Canterbury, ed. by Margaret Gibson, T. A. Heslop, and Richard W. Pfaff, Modern Humanities Research Association, 14 (London: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1992), pp. 95-107, 198 n. 26, 199 (as 'Stowe').

Phillip Pulsiano, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile, Volume 2: Psalters I, Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 137 (Binghamton, NY: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1994), pp. 65-68.

George Brown, 'The Psalms as the Foundation of Anglo-Saxon Learning', in The Place of the Psalms in the Intellectual Culture of the Middle Ages, ed. by Nancy Van Deusen (Albany: State University of New York, 1999), pp. 1-24 (p. 7, as 'F').

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 499.

K. D. Hartzell, Catalogue of Manuscripts Written or Owned in England up to 1200 containing Music (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006), no. 193 (p. 337).

Richard W. Pfaff, The Liturgy in Medieval England: A History (Cambridge: University Press, 2009), p. 111.


Images
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Decorated initial and ownership inscription

f. 1
Decorated initial and ownership inscription
Beatus initial

f. 1
Beatus initial
Decorated initial

f. 56
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 56
Decorated initial
Decorated initial and coloured initial

f. 111v
Decorated initial and coloured initial
Decorated initial

f. 111v
Decorated initial
 

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