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Detailed record for Harley 1770

Part 1 ff. 3-157v 
Title Psalter in Latin with a parallel French translation, imperfect, with the Athanasian Creed and the Lord's Prayer, in Latin and French
Origin England
Date 1st half of the 14th century
Language Latin, French
Script Gothic
Decoration Large puzzle initials in red and blue with red penwork decoration and red and blue pen-flourishing at some of the major Psalm divisions (including Psalm 101) (ff. 22v (x2), 60 (one excised), 75v, 92v, 110). Large initials in red with blue pen-flourishing, and in blue with red pen-flourishing, some in the form of leaves. Small initials in red or blue. Line-fillers in red and blue. Cadels in brown ink.
Dimensions in mm 305 x 205 (220 x 145) in two columns
 
Part 2 ff. 158-241 
Title The Psalms in English verse (the Surtees Society version), with parallel Latin, and Latin prayers
Origin England
Date 14th century
Language Engliish, Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Large puzzle initials in red and blue with penwork decoration in yellow and red, and red and blue pen-flourishing at the beginning of Psalm 1 (f. 158). Large puzzle initials in red and blue with penwork decoration in red and red and blue pen-flourishing at the other major Psalm divisions (including Psalm 51) (ff. 170v, 178v, 186, 186v, 194v, 204, 212v, 222 ), Large initials in red with blue pen-flourishing, and in blue with red pen-flourishing, some in the form of leaves. Small initials in red or blue. Highlighting of capitals in red.
Dimensions in mm 305 x 205 (225 x 155) in two columns
 
Official foliation ff. 241 ( + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1963.
Provenance The Augustinian priory of Holy Trinity or Christ Church, Kirkham, Yorkshire: 14th-century ? inscription 'Liber monasterii de Kirkham' (f. 2v).
15th-century ? inscriptions 'Johes Vicaricui Hutton' and Thomas leue' ? (f. 2v)
Added text in Gothic cursive in Latin (f. 241v).
Inscribed in pencil 'Bought of Mr. Noble' (f. 2v).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes ff. 1-2 are parchment leaves.
The Surtees Psalter is in rime couplets, and derives its name from the edition issued by the Surtees Society in 1843-1847. According to Muir, the author referred to an early Middle English interlinear gloss on the Vulgate, probably Northern, which was itself a modernised version of an Old English glossed Psalter.
One of six known manuscript copies.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 1770.

E. M. Thompson,Wycliffe Exhibition in the King’s Library (London: Clowes and Sons, 1884), no. 10.

Christopher Wordsworth and Henry Littlehales, The Old Service-Books of the English Church, 2nd edn (London: Methuen & Co., 1910), p. 114.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 106.

Laurence Muir, III: Translations and Paraphrases of the Bible, and Commentaries, A Manual of the Writings in Middle English 1050-1500, ed. by J. Burke Severs, 2 (New Haven: Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1970), p. 537 [with additional bibliography].

Ruth J. Dean and Maureen B. M. Boulton, Anglo-Norman Literature: A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts, Anglo-Norman Text Society, Occasional Publications Series, 3 (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), pp. 241, 249

Julia Boffey and A. S. G. Edwards, A New Index of Middle English Verse (London: British Library, 2005), no. 3103.


Images

Part  1   ff. 3-157v
Psalter in Latin with a parallel French translation, imperfect, with the Athanasian Creed and the Lord's Prayer, in Latin and French
* * *
 
Decorated initials

f. 4
Decorated initials
Puzzle initials

f. 22v
Puzzle initials
Puzzle initial

f. 77v
Puzzle initial
 
Decorated initials

f. 157v
Decorated initials
Puzzle initial

f. 158
Puzzle initial

Part  2   ff. 158-241
The Psalms in English verse (the Surtees Society version), with parallel Latin, and Latin prayers
* * *
 
Puzzle initial

f. 158
Puzzle initial
Decorated initials

f. 159
Decorated initials

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