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Detailed record for Royal 15 E I

Author William of Tyre
Title Histoire d'Outremer or Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum , in French, with continuation to 1231
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date c. 1479-c. 1480
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Master of the Flemish Boethius with assistants, Master of Edward IV, and an illuminator of Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 82
Decoration 18 large miniatures in colours and gold with full (f. 16) or partial foliate borders, and foliate initials in colours and gold (ff. 77, 101v, 150v, 170, 185, 241, 259, 280v, 300, 330v, 335, 347, 357, 368v, 375v, 383, 438). 36 one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with partial borders and foliate initials in colours and gold (ff. 32v, 47, 51, 56, 69v, 74, 85, 91, 98v, 108v, 116, 122, 128v, 134, 137v, 155v, 161v, 177v, 192v, 209, 224v, 266, 273v, 293v, 308, 317v, 321v, 342, 353, 365v, 377, 393, 404v, 420v, 433v, 450v). Initials in gold with black pen-flourishing, or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers in gold and blue.
Dimensions in mm 465 x 340 (290 x 195)
Official foliation ff. 495 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal Library brown-leather binding with the royal arms of England and a date of 1757; gilt edges.
Provenance Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland: the royal arms of England surmounted by a crowned helm and encircled by the Garter; a banner with the royal arms of England and a badge of the rose-en-soleil with the Yorkist motto 'Dieu et mon droit' (f. 16); made for him in the Southern Netherlands (Bruges), probably c. 1479- c. 1480: record of payment to the foreign merchant Philip Maisertuell for books and record of books in the Great Wardrobe Accounts of 1480 (see McKendrick 1994).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): probably to be identified with 'Gordeffroy de Billon' included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 44.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Contains the 'Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum' in the French translation of William of Tyre, with continuation to 1231, preceded by a list of contents (ff. 1-14v).
According to Kren and McKendrick 2003, illuminated by five artists: The Master of the Flemish Boethius (ff. 69v, 77, 91, 108, 137v, 150v, 155v, 170, 185, 192v, 241, 259, 438), his two assistants (ff. 177v, 209, 224v, 266, 273v, 293v, 300, 308, 317v, 321v, 330v, 335, 342, 347, 353, 357, 365, 368v, 375v, 377, 383, 393, 420v, 433v, 450v), the Master of Edward IV (f. 404v), and another artist identified with one of the illuminators of Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 82 (ff. 32v, 47, 51, 56, 74, 85, 98v, 101v, 116, 122, 128v, 134, 162).
Catchwords written vertically and bifolium signatures (see ff. 130, 147). Foliation in red beginning on f. 16.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 175.

F. Winkler, Die flämische Buchmalerei des XV. und XVI. Jahrhunderts: Künstler und Werke von den Brüdern van Eyck bis zu Simon Bening / Mit 91 Lichtdrucktafeln (Leipzig: E.A. Seemann, 1925), p. 179.

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', The Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 486).

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 23-42 (pp. 25, 39, pl. 2).

Jaroslav Folda, 'Manuscripts of the History of Outremer by William of Tyre: A Handlist', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 27 (1973), 90-95 (p. 94).

Otto Pächt, 'La terre de Flandres', Pantheon, 36 (1978), 3-16 (p. 14).

Scot McKendrick, 'Lodewijk van Gruuthuse en de Librije van Edward IV', in Lodewijk van Gruuthuse, Mecenas en Europees Diplomaats ca. 1427-1492, ed. by M. P. J. Marten (Bruges: Stichting, 1992), pp. 153-59 (p.159, n. 89).

Scot McKendrick, 'The Romuléon and the Manuscripts of Edward IV', in England in the Fifteenth Century, ed. by Nicholas Rogers, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 4 (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1994), pp. 149-69 (pp. 162, n. 75, 165, n. 101).

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 180.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sutton, 1997), pl. XI.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.42.

Pamela Porter, Medieval Warfare in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2000), p. 58, p. 60.

Jessica Dobratz, 'Conception and Reception of William of Tyre’s Livre d’Eracles in 15th-century Burgundy', in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 583-609 (p. 585).

Hanno Wijjsman, 'William Lord Hastings, Les Faits de Jacques De Lalaing et le Maître aux inscriptions blanches à propos du manuscrit français 16830 de la Bibliothèque nationale de France', in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 1641-64 (p. 1653).

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 67.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: Getty Museum, 2003), no. 87, pp. 4, 224, 282, 304, 310-11. [exhibition catalogue].

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 100.

Erin K Donovan, 'A Royal Crusade History: The Livre d’Eracles and Edward IV’s Exile in Burgundy', Electronic British Library Journal (2014), art. 6, online at https://www.bl.uk/eblj/2014articles/pdf/ebljarticle62014.pdf.

Philip Handyside, The Old French William of Tyre (Leiden: Brill, 2015), pp. 125, 266.


Images
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Heraclius

f. 16
Heraclius
Heraclius

f. 16
Heraclius
Siege of Nicea

f. 32v
Siege of Nicea
 
Battle

f. 47
Battle
Battle

f. 51
Battle
Battle

f. 56
Battle
 
Council of war

f. 69v
Council of war
Battle

f. 74
Battle
Governor of Antioch

f. 77
Governor of Antioch
 
Siege of Rodes

f. 85
Siege of Rodes
Siege of Rodes

f. 85
Siege of Rodes
Council of war

f. 91
Council of war
 
Spear

f. 98v
Spear
Antioch

f. 101v
Antioch
Lord of Asaz

f. 108v
Lord of Asaz
 
Siege of Gabala

f. 116
Siege of Gabala
Jerusalem

f. 122
Jerusalem
Procession

f. 128v
Procession
 
Slaughter

f. 134
Slaughter
Godfrey of Bouillon

f. 137v
Godfrey of Bouillon
Death of Godfrey of Bouillon

f. 150v
Death of Godfrey of Bouillon
 
Death of Godfrey of Bouillon

f. 150v
Death of Godfrey of Bouillon
Baldwin and patriarch

f. 155v
Baldwin and patriarch
Attack of Jaffa

f. 161v
Attack of Jaffa
 
Marriage

f. 170
Marriage
Baldwin

f. 185
Baldwin
Coronation of Baldwin

f. 192v
Coronation of Baldwin
 
Siege of Tyre

f. 209
Siege of Tyre
Siege of Tyre

f. 209
Siege of Tyre
Fulk and Melisende

f. 224v
Fulk and Melisende
 
Siege of Caesarea

f. 241
Siege of Caesarea
Siege of Caesarea

f. 241
Siege of Caesarea
Coronation of Baldwin III

f. 259
Coronation of Baldwin III
 
Greek fire

f. 266
Greek fire
Battle

f. 273v
Battle
Siege of Damascus

f. 280v
Siege of Damascus
 
Siege of Damascus

f. 280v
Siege of Damascus
Death of count of Tripoli

f. 293v
Death of count of Tripoli
Death of count of Tripoli

f. 293v
Death of count of Tripoli
 
Battle

f. 300
Battle
Battle

f. 300
Battle
Surrender of Aleppo

f. 317v
Surrender of Aleppo
 
Baldwin visiting Manuel Comnenus

f. 321v
Baldwin visiting Manuel Comnenus
Coronation of Amaury

f. 330v
Coronation of Amaury
Soldiers

f. 333
Soldiers
 
Defeat of Nureddin

f. 335
Defeat of Nureddin
Caliph and Hugh of Caesarea

f. 342
Caliph and Hugh of Caesarea
Battle between Amaury and Siracon

f. 347
Battle between Amaury and Siracon
 
Battle

f. 347
Battle
Marriage

f. 353
Marriage
Siege of Tanis

f. 357
Siege of Tanis
 
Siege of Tanis

f. 357
Siege of Tanis
Capture of Gaza

f. 365v
Capture of Gaza
Amaury

f. 368v
Amaury
 
Siege of Caesarea

f. 375v
Siege of Caesarea
Siege of Caesarea

f. 375v
Siege of Caesarea
Coronation of Baldwin IV

f. 377
Coronation of Baldwin IV
 
Defeat of Manuel Comnenus

f. 383
Defeat of Manuel Comnenus
Battle

f. 393
Battle
Ship of pilgrims

f. 404v
Ship of pilgrims
 
Andronicus

f. 420v
Andronicus
Loss of the Holy Cross

f. 433v
Loss of the Holy Cross
Siege of Jerusalem

f. 438
Siege of Jerusalem
 
Siege of Jerusalem

f. 438
Siege of Jerusalem
Richard I in Sicily

f. 450v
Richard I in Sicily

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