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Detailed record for Royal 14 E II

Author Jean de Courcy, Alain Chartier, Romon Lull, Christine de Pisan
Title Le chemin de Vaillance, and other texts (see Notes below for contents)
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date Last quarter of the 15th century, before 1483
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Master of the White Inscriptions
Decoration 4 large miniatures in colours and gold, with full borders, at the beginning of books (f. 1, 77, 194, 250). 10 smaller miniatures in colours and gold, with partial borders (ff. 30, 51v, 103v, 123, 133 145, 163v, 218, 261v, 295, 338). Spaces left for miniatures or initials (ff. 287, 332, 335v). Large initials in colours with penwork decoration in gold, at the beginning of books and chapters. Initials in gold on rose and blue grounds, with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 470 x 345 (295 x 220)
Official foliation ff. 354 (+ 1 unfoliated modern parchment flyleaf at the beginning and 3 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves and 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal Library brown-leather binding, with the royal arms of England, and a date of 1757.
Provenance Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland: the royal arms of England surmounted by a crowned helm with mantling in Edward's colours of red and blue, surrounded by the Garter (ff. 1, 77, 194, 250), with two escutcheons bearing the royal arms differenced by labels of three or five points for his sons (f. 1), and a lozenge bearing a white rose of the York family, with a Yorkist badge 'Dieu et mon droit' (ff. 1, 30, 77, 103v, 145, 163v, 194, 218, 250, 295); made for him in the Southern Netherlands, probably c. 1479- c. 1480: record of payment to the foreign merchant Philip Maisertuell for books and record of books in the Great Wardrobe Accounts of 1480 (see McKendrick 1994).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 26; and in the Catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 13, as '31.2. Chemin de Vaillance en vers. Traittié Oth[ea] avec Gloses. Breviaire des Nobles. Chevalerie'.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The manuscript also contains:
Christine de Pisan, Lepistre Othea (ff. 295-331v);
Alain Chartier, Le breviaire des nobles (ff. 332-335v);
Les complaintes des IX malheureux et des IX malheureuses (ff. 335v-337);
Ramón Lull, Libre del Orde de cavayleria in an anonymous French translation (ff. 338-354).
Bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 7).

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, pp. 895, 922.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 139-40.

Pere Bohigas, 'El Repértori de manuscrits Catalans', Estudis Universitaris Catalans, 12 (1927) 1-47 (p. 40).

Roberta D. Cornelius, The Figurative Castle: A Study in the Medieval Allegory of the Edifice with especial Reference to Religious Writings (Bryn Mawr, Pensylvania, 1930), pp. 170-72.

Curt F. Bühler, 'Sir John Fastolf's Manuscripts of the Epître d'Othéa and Stephen Scrope's Translation of this Text', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 3 (1949), 123-28 (p. 124).

F. Saxl and H. Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages, 4 vols (London: Warburg Institute, 1953), III: Manuscripts in English Libraries, p. 199.

Anglo-Flemish Art under the Tudors: An Exhibition held in the Department of Prints and Drawings (London: British Museum, 1954), no. 3.

Gianni Mombello, 'Les complaintes des IX malheureux et de IX Malheureuses: Variations sur le thème de Neuf Preux et du Vado Mori, Romania, 95 (1966), 345-78 (pp. 361, 369-376) [edition of ff. 335v-337].

Gianni Mombello, La tradizione manoscritta dell'Epistre Othea de Chrstine de Pizan: Prolegomeni all'edizione del testo, Memorie dell’Accademia delle Scienze di Torino. Classe di scienze morali, storiche e filologiche, ser. 4. no. 15 (Turin: Accademia delle Scienze, 1967), no. 39.

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', The Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 484).

The Poetical Works of Alain Chartier ed. by James C. Laidlaw (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974, p. 45.

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 23-42 (pp. 25, 39).

McKendrick, Scot, ‘La Grande Histoire Cesar and the Manuscripts of Edward IV’, in English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 2, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths, (London: British Library, 1990), pp. 109-38, (p. 110, pl. 2).

Scot McKendrick, 'Lodewijk van Gruuthuse en de Librije van Edward IV', in Lodewijk van Gruuthuse , Mecenas en Europees Diplomaats ca. 1427-1492, ed. by M. P. J. Marten (Bruges: Stichting, 1992), pp. 153-59 (p.159, n. 89).

Scot McKendrick, 'The Romuléon and the Manuscripts of Edward IV', England in the Fifteenth Century, ed. by N. Rogers, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 4 (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1994), pp. 149-69 (p. 162, nn. 75, 77).

B. Doris Duboc, 'Le Chemin de Vaillance: mise a point sur la date de composition et la vie de l’auteur', in Medieval Codicology, Iconography, Literature, and Translation : Studies for Keith Val SinClair, ed. by R. Rolfe Monks and D. D. R. Owen (Leiden : E. J. Brill, 1994), pp. 276-83.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), frontispiece.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sutton, 1997), pp. 80 n. 21; 99 n. 100, fig. 36.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.35.

Hanno Wijjsman, 'William Lord Hastings, Les Faits de Jacques De Lalaing et le Maître aux inscriptions blanches à propos du manuscrit français 16830 de la Bibliothèque nationale de France', in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 1641-664 (p. 1652).

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London, British Library, 2003), pls 62, 64.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), p. 289. [exhibition catalogue].

Gothic: Art for England 1400-1547, ed. by Richard Marks and Paul Williamson (London: Victoria & Albert Museum Publications, 2003), no. 43 [exhibition catalogue].

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 97.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 62 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, ‘The Manuscripts of Edward IV: The Documentary Evidence’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 149-77 (p. 155).
Last revised: 14 January 2011


Images
* * *
 
Jean de Courcy

f. 1
Jean de Courcy
Jean de Courcy

f. 1
Jean de Courcy
Reason and Jean de Courcy

f. 30
Reason and Jean de Courcy
 
Pleasure and Jean de Courcy

f. 51v
Pleasure and Jean de Courcy
Jean de Courcy and Nature

f. 77
Jean de Courcy and Nature
Prowess and Boldness

f. 103v
Prowess and Boldness
 
Prowess and Boldness

f. 103v
Prowess and Boldness
Jean de Courcy and Humility

f. 123
Jean de Courcy and Humility
Jean de Courcy

f. 133
Jean de Courcy
 
Foliate border

f. 133
Foliate border
Violence, Fraud and Deceit

f. 145
Violence, Fraud and Deceit
Badge of the York family

f. 145
Badge of the York family
 
Hope and Jean de Courcy

f. 163v
Hope and Jean de Courcy
Badge of the York family

f. 163v
Badge of the York family
Text page

f. 193v
Text page
 
Jean de Courcy and the Virtues

f. 194
Jean de Courcy and the Virtues
Jean de Courcy and the Virtues

f. 194
Jean de Courcy and the Virtues
Female centaur

f. 194
Female centaur
 
Centaur

f. 194
Centaur
Arms of Edward IV

f. 194
Arms of Edward IV
Jean de Courcy

f. 218
Jean de Courcy
 
Jean de Courcy in a boat

f. 218
Jean de Courcy in a boat
Jean de Courcy in a boat

f. 218
Jean de Courcy in a boat
Charity and Jean de Courcy

f. 250
Charity and Jean de Courcy
 
Faith and Jean de Courcy

f. 261v
Faith and Jean de Courcy
Foliate border

f. 261v
Foliate border
Text page

f. 287
Text page
 
Hector

f. 295
Hector
Yorkist badge

f. 295
Yorkist badge
Text page

f. 332
Text page
 
Hermit and knight

f. 338
Hermit and knight
Hermit and knight

f. 338
Hermit and knight
Birds

f. 338
Birds
 

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