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Detailed record for Harley 2803

Title Bible (the 'Worms Bible') , Genesis to Job
Origin Germany (Frankenthal, near Worms, Middle Rhineland)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 12th century, probably c. 1148
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration 1 large miniature in colours and gold of Jerome writing before his preface (f. 1v). 19 very large historiated initials in colours and gold (ff. 6v, 176, 199, 226v, 229, 253, 264, 267v, 269, 272, 273, 274, 276v, 278, 279v, 281, 282, 286v, 288v). Large or very large initials in colours and usually gold with foliate or interlace decoration and usually clasps (ff. 1v, 5, 28, 45v, 58v, 76v, 92v, 93v, 104v, 115, 116v, 133v, 146v, 162, 175v, 229, 252v, 263 (x2), 267, 269, 272, 272v, 274, 276, 277v, 279, 282, 286v, 288), some also with faces, men, or dragons (one with a linen curtain (f. 93v). Large zoomorphic initial in colours (f. 280v) . Large initials in red or brown, some with penwork decoration. Small initials in brown or red. Rubrics in red. Marginal drawing in ink of Samson (f. 111v). Marginal drawing of a head, and of other figures in green and black (ff. 122, 126v, 133v).
Dimensions in mm 540 x 355 (390 x 230) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 301 ( + 3 unfoliated paper fllyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1929.
Provenance Possibly written or illuminated in 1148 in the Augustinian abbey of Mary Magdalene in Frankenthal, 10 kilometers south of Worms: inscription 'anno m.c.xlviii [inceptus est liber] ?' (f. 1): see Cohen-Mushlin 1990.
The Augustinian monastery of St Mary, outside of Worms: 17th-century inscription 'Hic liber pertinet ad Ecclesiam Beatae Mariae Virginis in Suburbio Wormatiensis', signed 'J. G.' (f. 1). J. G. might be Joannes Georgius Renner, dean from 1597-1605: see Cohen-Mushlin 1983 pp. 14-15.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, probably acquired by George Suttie, their agent, in Germany in either 1717 or 1720 (see Cohen-Mushlin).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes The second volume of the Bible is Harley 2804.
Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Ampersands.
Instructions to rubricator (e.g., ff. 1v, 45v).
Quire signatures.
Select bibliography Bibliography for each of Harley 2803 and 2804.

A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts, in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), I, nos 2803-4.

David Casley, Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts (1736), II, p. 713, and I, p. 31.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 154.

Georg Swarzenski, Die Salzburger Malerei, 2 vols (Leipzig: Hiersemann, 1913), I, 69 n. 4, 76 n. 4.

[Eric G. Millar], British Museum Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 4 (London: British Museum, 1928), pl. 11.

Meyer Schapiro, 'From Mozarabic to Romanesque in Silo', Art Bulletin 21 (1939), 313-374 (p. 342 n. 91).

Ernst Kitzinger, Early Medieval Art with Illustrations from the British Museum Collection (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1940), pl. 42.

D. H. Turner, Romanesque Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Library (London: British Museum, 1966), p. 19, pl. 10.

C. R. Dodwell, Painting in Europe: 800 to 1200 (London : Penguin Books, 1971), p. 163.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), no. 706.

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Bible Illumination (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1982), no. 9, p .238, pls.146, 149, 201.

Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, The Making of a Manuscript: The Worms Bible of 1148 (British Library, Harley 2803-2804), Wolfenbütteler Forschungen, 25 (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1983).

Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, A Medieval Scriptorium: Sancta Maria Magdalena de Frankendal, Wolfenbütteler Mittelalter-Studien, 3, 2 vols (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1990), passim, esp. I, 154-5; II, figs 4-6, 20, 340, 342, 344, 345, 349, 350-4, 357, 364, 366-7,8 ,

Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, 'The Twelfth-Century Scriptorium at Frankenthal', in Medieval Book Production: Assessing the Evidence, ed. by Linda l. Brownrigg, Proceedings of the Second Conference of The Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Oxford, July 1988 (Los Altos Hills, California: Anderson-Lovelace, 1990), pp. 85-101 (esp. pp. 88, 94).

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Manuscripts: The Twelfth Century, 2 vols (London: Harvey Millar, 1996), II, 179.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 36.

Christopher de Hamel, The Book: A History of the Bible (London: Phaidon, 2001), p. 83, pl. 58.

Justin Clegg, The Medieval Church in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 6, pl. 2.

Edgar J. Hürkey, Schätze aus pergament: mittelalterliche handschriften aus Frankenthal (Frankenthal: Erkenbert-Musuem, 2007), no. 3 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 10 and 94, fig. 81.

Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, 'A School for Scribes,' in Teaching Writing, Learning to Write: Proceedings of the XVIth Colloquium of the Comité International de Paléographie Latine, ed. by P. R. Robinson (London: King's College Centre for Late Antique & Medieval Studies, 2010), pp. 61-87.

Alfried Wieczorek and others, Die Wittelsbacher am Rhein: Die Kurpfalz und Europa. Begleitband zur 2. Ausstellung der Länder Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz und Hessen, 2 vols (Regensburg: Schnell and Steiner, 2013), I, pp. 69-70.


Images
* * *
 
Jerome

f. 1
Jerome
Inscription

f. 1
Inscription
Inscription

f. 1
Inscription
 
Jerome

f. 1v
Jerome
Miniature

f. 1v
Miniature
Jerome

f. 1v
Jerome
 
Monk

f. 1v
Monk
Text

f. 3
Text
Text

f. 4
Text
 
Text

f. 5v
Text
Creation

f. 6v
Creation
Creation

f. 6v
Creation
 
Creation

f. 6v
Creation
God

f. 6v
God
Text

f. 15v
Text
 
Text

f. 16v
Text
Inhabited initial

f. 28
Inhabited initial
Decorated initial

f. 45v
Decorated initial
 
Numbers

f. 58v
Numbers
Decorated initial

f. 76v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 92v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 93v
Decorated initial
Inhabited initial

f. 104v
Inhabited initial
Samson

f. 111v
Samson
 
Samson

f. 111v
Samson
Samson

f. 111v
Samson
Decorated initial

f. 116v
Decorated initial
 
Head

f. 122
Head
David and his sheep

f. 126v
David and his sheep
David and Goliath

f. 126v
David and Goliath
 
David and Goliath

f. 126v
David and Goliath
Inhabited initial

f. 133v
Inhabited initial
Inhabited initial

f. 133v
Inhabited initial
 
Marginal drawing

f. 133v
Marginal drawing
Inhabited initial

f. 146v
Inhabited initial
Decorated initial

f. 162
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 175v
Decorated initial
Isaiah

f. 176
Isaiah
Isaiah

f. 176
Isaiah
 
Interlace initial

f. 198v
Interlace initial
Jeremiah

f. 199
Jeremiah
Jeremiah

f. 226v
Jeremiah
 
Ezekiel

f. 229
Ezekiel
Ezekiel

f. 229
Ezekiel
Ezekiel

f. 229
Ezekiel
 
Decorated initial

f. 252v
Decorated initial
Daniel

f. 253
Daniel
Decorated initial

f. 263v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 263v
Decorated initial
Hosea

f. 264
Hosea
Hosea

f. 264
Hosea
 
Decorated initial

f. 267
Decorated initial
Joel

f. 267v
Joel
Amos

f. 269
Amos
 
Decorated initial

f. 269
Decorated initial
Amos

f. 269
Amos
Decorated initial

f. 269
Decorated initial
 
Head of Amos

f. 269
Head of Amos
Obadiah

f. 272
Obadiah
Interlace initial

f. 272
Interlace initial
 
Obadiah

f. 272
Obadiah
Decorated initial

f. 272v
Decorated initial
Jonah

f. 273
Jonah
 
Detail

f. 273
Detail
Jonah

f. 273
Jonah
Micah

f. 274
Micah
 
Decorated initial

f. 274
Decorated initial
Micah

f. 274
Micah
Decorated initial

f. 276
Decorated initial
 
Nahum

f. 276v
Nahum
Decorated initial

f. 277v
Decorated initial
Habakkuk

f. 278
Habakkuk
 
Decorated initial

f. 279
Decorated initial
Zephaniah

f. 279v
Zephaniah
Zoomorphic initial

f. 280v
Zoomorphic initial
 
Haggai

f. 281
Haggai
Zacharias

f. 282
Zacharias
Detail

f. 282
Detail
 
Feet

f. 282
Feet
Zacharias

f. 282
Zacharias
Malachi

f. 286v
Malachi
 
Decorated initial

f. 286v
Decorated initial
Malachi

f. 286v
Malachi
Robe

f. 286v
Robe
 
Malachi

f. 286v
Malachi
Decorated initial

f. 288
Decorated initial
Job

f. 288v
Job
 

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