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Detailed record for Harley 4996

Title Speculum humanae salvationis
Origin Germany, S. W. or Alsace
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 168 column-width ink drawings, with colour wash,arranged in pairs at the top of each page. 4 coloured drawings in a different hand (2 per page arranged vertically, f. 46r-v). Coloured initials in red. Capitals marked in red.
Dimensions in mm 305 x 210 (245 x 185), in 2 columns
Official foliation ff. 1* + 47 (+ 4 modern unfoliated flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Dark purple morocco binding; marbled endpapers.
Provenance Added drawings (f. 47r-v).
Whitehall Palace: this manuscript was found at the West Gate of Whitehall Palace [in 1723]; see inscription by Edward Harley transcribed below recording this event (f. 1*).
Thomas Robe (presumably the Thomas Robe, of Clerkenwell, Clerk of the Market of the Royal Household c. 1726-c. 1737: inscription by Edward Harley, see below (f. 1*).
Theophilus Downes (b. 1657/8, d. 1726), nonjuror and author: inscribed by Edward Harley 'By Theophilus Downes. Given by Mr Thomas Robe [?]. This book is said to have been found in taking down the West Gate of Whitehall between the Wainscott and the Wall and was given by Mr. Thomas Robe Sept. 1726.' (f. 1*).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Beginning with a list of contents, prohemium and prologue (ff. 1-3v).
Quire marks.
f. 1* is a paper fragment pasted onto f. [iv].
f. 47 is a ruled leaf with later annotations and drawings.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 4996.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 8.

Edgar Breitenbach, Speculum humanĉ salvationis: Eine typengeschichtliche Untersuchung (Strasbourg: Heitz, 1930), p. 5, no. 63.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 139, 287, 353.

Jeffrey F. Hamburger and Nigel F. Palmer, The Prayer Book of Ursula Begerin, 2 vols (Dietikon-Zurich: Urs Graf, 2015), I, pp. 42, 69, 113, 115-17, 120-21, 125, 135, 143, 148, 152, 182, 207, 215, 218, 232, 241, 245, 248, 250, 257, 266, 313-15, 387, 430; figs. 76, 86, 97, 101, 120, 144, 211, 263, 266, 279, 283, 285, 319, 339, 359, 438, 441.


Images
* * *
 
Fall of the rebel angels and creation of Eve

f. 4
Fall of the rebel angels and creation of Eve
Temptation of Eve

f. 4v
Temptation of Eve
Adam and Eve; Noah's Ark

f. 5v
Adam and Eve; Noah's Ark
 
The Flight to Egypt

f. 13
The Flight to Egypt
Mary Magdalen and King Manasse

f. 16
Mary Magdalen and King Manasse
The prodigal son and David and Nathan

f. 16v
The prodigal son and David and Nathan
 
Christ  and Samson

f. 19
Christ and Samson
Flagellation of Christ; Hur tormented

f. 21
Flagellation of Christ; Hur tormented
Lemech and his wives; Job afflicted

f. 22v
Lemech and his wives; Job afflicted
 
Parable of the Vineyard; grapes from Canaan

f. 24v
Parable of the Vineyard; grapes from Canaan
Deaths of Codrus and Eleazar

f. 25v
Deaths of Codrus and Eleazar
The entombment of Christ and the Ark of the Covenant

f. 27
The entombment of Christ and the Ark of the Covenant
 
Christ kills the devil and Benaiah kills a lion

f. 29
Christ kills the devil and Benaiah kills a lion
Christ and the lamb; Elijah

f. 33v
Christ and the lamb; Elijah
Parable of the lost drachma; Michal, wife of David

f. 35v
Parable of the lost drachma; Michal, wife of David
 
Woman clothed with the sun

f. 36
Woman clothed with the sun
Parable of the virgins and the lamps; David and Balthazar

f. 39v
Parable of the virgins and the lamps; David and Balthazar
The Adoration of the Magi; the Presentation in the Temple

f. 45
The Adoration of the Magi; the Presentation in the Temple
 

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