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Detailed record for Harley 3240

Title Speculum humanae salvationis
Origin Germany or Switzerland
Date Last quarter of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Coloured drawings (2 per page, ff. 4v-52). Coloured initials in blue, green, or red. Capitals marked with red.
Dimensions in mm 280 x 210 (240 x 180), in 2 columns
Official foliation ff. 52 (+ 6 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie (see Wright 1972): sold to the Harleys on 20 January 1721/2.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley ‘20 die Januarij, A.D. 1721/22’ (f. [vi]).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes The recto of f. 4 is blank.
Ending with the 7 sorrows and 7 joys of the Virgin (ff. 48v-52). The first illustration benefits from a higher finish, and may be by a different artist (f. 4v, top left).
f. 52v is blank.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 3240.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 12.

Edgar Breitenbach, Speculum humanæ salvationis: Eine typengeschichtliche Untersuchung (Strasbourg: Heitz, 1930), p. 5 no. 62.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 138 n. 7.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 253-54.

Stella Panayotova, 'Cockerell and Riches', in The Medieval Book: Glosses from Friends & Colleagues of Christopher de Hamel, ed. by James H. Marrow, Richard A. Linnenthal, and William Noel (Houten: Hes & De Graaf, 2010), 377-386 (p. 385).

Jeffrey F. Hamburger and Nigel F. Palmer, The Prayer Book of Ursula Begerin, 2 vols (Dietikon-Zurich: Urs Graf Verlag, 2015), I, p. 113, fig. 78.


Images
* * *
 
Creation of angels

f. 4v
Creation of angels
Creation of Eve

f. 4v
Creation of Eve
Detail (top left)

f. 5
Detail (top left)
 
Detail (top right)

f. 5
Detail (top right)
Detail (top right)

f. 5v
Detail (top right)
Detail (top left)

f. 5v
Detail (top left)
 
Adam and Eve; the Ark

f. 6
Adam and Eve; the Ark
Detail

f. 22v
Detail
Coloured drawings

f. 28
Coloured drawings
 
Parables

f. 39
Parables
Detail (top left)

f. 44v
Detail (top left)

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