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Detailed record for Arundel 156

Title Gradual, Sequentiary, and Sacramentary
Origin Germany, S. (Würzburg diocese, Komburg? or Bamburg?)
Date 2nd quarter of the 13th century (before 1236?)
Language Latin
Script Gothic, by more than one scribe, written above top line
Decoration 2 full-page miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 99v, 103v). 2 full-page foliate initials in colours on gold grounds within borders, both with emeshed men, animals, and animal heads (ff. 101, 104). 1 large inhabited foliate initial in colours on a gold ground with two men, a boy, and a dragon (f. 1). 27 large initials in gold with red on blue grounds, some with green borders (ff. 27, 36v, 42v, 44, 46v, 54, 57v, 62v, 64, 68v, 78v, 110, 111v, 114, 119v, 122, 143, 144, 152, 154v, 159, 160, 168v, 171v, 180v, 186v, 193v). Large initials in red with blue penwork decoration (one with a face, f. 197), and brown ink with penwork decoration. Small simple initials in red or brown, some highlighted with a red line.
Dimensions in mm 295 x 200 (210 x 150)
Official foliation ff. 233 (+ 4 modern paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 4 at the end)
Collation ff 114-185 are in gatherings of 8, with quire signatures.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Red leather, gilt with the Arundel arms and garter; marbled endpapers.
Provenance ? The Benedictine abbey of St Nicholas, Komburg, near Schwäbisch Hall in the diocese of Würzburg: in the third litany Kylian is first among the martyrs (f. 34v); a sequence for Kylian is added (ff. 86v-87, lower margins); saints added to the Canon are Kylian, Martin, Nicholas, Burchard, and Benedict (f. 107v); a mass for Kylian is added in a margin in the sanctorale (f. 161v), with a vigil and octave (f. 162).
Alternatively, Engelhart has suggested Bamburg as the manuscript's place of production (see Engelhart 1987).
Added hymn to the Virgin in a 13th-century hand, partly on staves with musical notation over erased text (f. 100r-100v).
Marginal additions, later erased, in the Canon of the mass (f. 106v) appear to include the names Hermann and Henry; there were bishops of Würzburg of these names in 1202-1207 and 1225-1254.
Numerous 13th- or 14th-century marginal or interlinear annotations or texts added to previously blank folios or replacement folios, including references to saint Elizabeth, probably Elizabeth of Thuringia (d. 1231, canonised in 1235) (ff. 71, 88v-89, 182v).
Additional references to Kilian, patron of Würzburg, added in the 15th century, in the margins next to the mass 'pro patrono' (ff. 202v-203).
? Thomas Howard (b. 1585, d. 1646), 2nd earl of Arundel, 4th earl of Surrey, and 1st earl of Norfolk, art collector and politician.
Henry Howard (b. 1628, d. 1684), 6th duke of Norfolk, presented to the Royal Society in 1667.
The Royal Society, London (its ink stamp: 'Soc. Reg. Lond / ex dono HENR. HOWARD / Norfolciensis.', f. 1).
Purchased by the British Museum from the Royal Society of London together with 549 other Arundel manuscripts in 1831.
Notes Musical notation.
ff. 108-109 are 14th century replacement folios written below top line.
The original text is erased in several places (e.g., ff. 76-78v; ff. 102v- 103).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, 1 vol. in 2 parts (London: British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part 1: The Arundel Manuscripts, p. 43.

Hanns Swarzenski, Die Lateinischen Illuminierten Handschriften des XIII. Jahrhunderts in den Ländern an Rhein, Main und Donau, 2 vols (Berlin: Deutscher Verin fur Kunstwissenschaft, 1936), I, no. 72, figs 837-41.

Hanns Swarzenski, The Berthold Missal and the Scriptorium of Weingarten Abbey (New York: Pierpont Morgan Library, 1943), p. 57.

Le graduel romain: édition critique par les moines de Solesmes, 2 vols (Solesmes: Abbaye Saint-Pierre, 1957), II, 64.

Helmut Engelhart, Die Würzburger Buchmalerei im Hohen Mittelalter: Untersuchungen zu einer Gruppe Illuminierter Handschriften aus der Werkstatt der Würzburger Dominikanerbibel von 1246, 2 vols, Quellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte des Bistums und Hochstifts Würzburg, ed. by Klaus Wittstadt, 34 (Würzburg: Schöningh, 1987), p. 322, pl. 306.

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, 3 vols, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz, Supplement 1, ed. by Bernhard Bischoff, (Munich: Beck, 1989-1990), II (1989), 458.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting (London: British Library, 1997), no. 58.
Last revised: 30 November 2005


Images
* * *
 
Inhabited initial

f. 1
Inhabited initial
Majestas Domini

f. 99v
Majestas Domini
Inhabited initial

f. 101
Inhabited initial
 
Crucifixion

f. 103v
Crucifixion
Crucifixion

f. 103v
Crucifixion
Inhabited initial

f. 104
Inhabited initial
 

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