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Detailed record for Arundel 120

Title Speculum humanae salvationis
Origin Germany
Date 2nd half of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive, more formal after f. 31
Decoration 169 drawings with some colour, and occasionally gold, at the top of each column, each double-page forming typological sets beginning with 1 scene of the New Testament followed by 3 of the Old Testament. Large puzzle initials in red and blue, some with reserved designs. Large and small initials in plain red or blue, some with reserved designs, a few with penwork decoration in blue or red.
Dimensions in mm 280 x 200 (140 x 165) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 47 (+ 4 modern paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 4 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1977. The former covers and spine are kept separately.
Provenance The Carthusian abbey of Mainz, 15th century: inscribed 'Iste liber est Carthusie(n)siu(m) p(ro)pe Magu(n)cia(m)' (f. 1).
Inscribed 'Z 24' (f. 1, erased, lower left corner); similar inscriptions consisting of a 'Z' followed by a number are found in a significant number of manuscripts in the Arundel collection from the Cistercian abbey of Eberbach and the Carthusian abbey of Mainz.
Inscribed '58' (f. 1, upper right corner).
? Thomas Howard (b. 1585, d. 1646), 2nd earl of Arundel, 4th earl of Surrey, and 1st earl of Norfolk, art collector and politician.
Henry Howard (b. 1628, d. 1684), 6th duke of Norfolk, presented to the Royal Society in 1667.
The Royal Society, London (its ink stamp: 'Soc. Reg. Lond / ex dono HENR. HOWARD / Norfolciensis.', f. 4; its book-plate with the pencil inscription: ‘XIV.8.7’, inside upper cover).
Purchased by the British Museum from the Royal Society together with 549 other Arundel manuscripts in 1831.
Notes f. 47r-v with an alphabetical list of the images is a paper leaf, added later in the 15th century.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, 1 vol. in 2 parts (London: The British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part 1: The Arundel Manuscripts, p. 29.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 14.

Bert Cardon, 'Het Speculum Humanae Salvationis-Manuscript Harley 2838 in de British Library te Londen een Handschrift omstreeks 1500 in England verlucht door een Miniaturist uit de Nederlanden?', Miscellanea Neerlandica, 1 (1987), 441-469 (pp. 445, 463).

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, 3 vols, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz, Supplement 1, ed. by Bernhard Bischoff (Munich: Beck, 1989-1990), II (1989), 532.

François Avril, Claudia Rabel, and Isabelle Delaunay, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine germanique (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1995- ), I: Xe-Xive siècle, p. 181.
Last revised: 02 December 2005


Images
* * *
 
Fall of Lucifer and typological scenes

ff. 4v-5
Fall of Lucifer and typological scenes
Fall of Lucifer

f. 4v
Fall of Lucifer
The Temptation

f. 5
The Temptation
 
Ark

f. 6
Ark
Mocking of Christ

f. 22v
Mocking of Christ
Christ carrying the Cross and typological scenes

ff. 25v-26
Christ carrying the Cross and typological scenes
 
Crucifixion

f. 27v
Crucifixion
Elephant

f. 28
Elephant
Beheading

f. 34
Beheading
 
Resurrection of Christ and typological scenes

ff. 35v-36
Resurrection of Christ and typological scenes
Jonah

f. 36
Jonah
Christ in Majesty

f. 43v
Christ in Majesty
 

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