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Detailed record for Additional 24189

Author Sir John Mandeville
Title Illustrations for Mandeville's Travels
Origin Bohemia
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Script N/A
Artists Master of the Mandeville Travels
Decoration 28 full-page tinted drawings on green parchment, by the Master of the Mandeville Travels. Latin on a banner (f. 10).
Dimensions in mm 225 x 180 (drawings 180 x 140)
Official foliation ff. 16 (+ 17 unfoliated modern paper leaves, coloured vivid red: 1 at the beginning, 2 before f. 3, 1 before f. 4, 1 before f. 5, 1 before f. 6, 1 before f. 7, 1 before f. 9, 1 before f. 10, 1 before f. 12, 1 before f. 13, 1 before f. 14, 1 before f. 15, 1 before f. 16, 3 at the end; ff. 1 and 2 are added notes on provenance, written on small paper leaves).
Collation Bound together as individual leaves rather than bifolia
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600; gilt fore-edge.
Provenance Samuel Woodburn (b. 1785/6, d. 1853): his note, bound into the manuscript as f. 1, relates that he had purchased it from 'M. Pesch', who had reportedly acquired it in Rome from a monk; transcription of the description of the manuscript, made while the book was in Woodburn's possession, by Gustav Friedrich Waagen (b. 1794, d. 1868), as published in 1838 by John Samuel Murray (b. 1778, d. 1843); in these notes both Woodburn and Waagen attribute to the manuscript a Spanish provenance, an attribution now generally rejected (see Krása 1983).
William Maskell (b. 1814, d. 1890): purchased from him by the British Museum, 8 June 1861.
Notes The manuscript contains no text, but a series of 28 full-page miniatures (tinted grisaille drawings on green parchment) illustrating the Voyage d'outre mer, attributed to Sir John Mandeville (supposedly fl. c. 1357; see Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). The only writing of any kind is on a banner held by one of the figures in the miniature on f. 10, 'SPQR'. The miniatures are based on the Czech translation of the Voyage by Vavrinec of Brezová, written c. 1410 (see Krása 1983, pp. 12-13). The sequence of leaves was rearranged when the manuscript was rebound in the 19th century, and their original order is no longer certain (see Krása 1983, p. 15).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years MDCCCLIV-MDCCCLXXV, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1877), II, p. 18 (no. 24189).

The Palaeographic Society: Facsimiles of Manuscripts and Inscriptions, Second Series, ed. by Edward Augustus Bond, Edward Maunde Thompson, and George Frederic Warner (London: Cloves and Sons, 1884-1894), II, pls 154-55.

The Buke of John Maundevill, Being the Travels of Sir John Mandeville, Knight 1322-1356, ed. by George Warner (Westminster: Roxburghe Club, 1889), pp. xli-xliii, with 28 plates.

[George Warner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series I (London: British Museum, 1907), pl. 36.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), pp. 308-09, pl. 49.

H. P. Cholmeley, John of Gaddesden and the Rosa Medicinae (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1912), p. 125.

Otto Pächt, 'A Bohemian Martyrology', Burlington Magazine, 73 (1938), 192-204 (p. 201 pls 3c and 3d, and p. 203).

M. Letts, Sir John Mandeville: The Man and His Book (London: Batchworth, 1949), p. 170.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), p. 58, pl. 48.

Otto Lohr, 'Studien zum Londoner Mandeville' (unpublished master’s thesis, Universität Bamberg, 1981).

Josef Krása, The Travels of Sir John Mandeville: A Manuscript in the British Library, trans. By P. Kussi (New York: Braziller, 1983) [facsimile].

Regensburger Buchmalerei (Munich: Prestel, 1987), p. 94 [exhibition catalogue].

Otto Lohr, 'Das Martyrologium von Gerona und die Illustrationen zu den Reisen des Ritters Mandeville: Beiträge zur Kenntnis der böhmischen Buchmalerei zu Beginn des 15. Jahrhunderts' (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Bamberg, 1987).

Josef Krása, Ceske iluminovane rukopisy 13.-16. Stoleti (Prague: Odeon, 1990), pp. 245, 261, 268-97, figs 157-63.

Peter Whitfield, The Mapping of the Heavens (London: British Library, 1995), p. 48 [plate].

Andrea Kann, 'Picturing the World: The Illustrated Manuscripts of The Book of John Mandeville' (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Iowa, 2002).

Joseph L. Henderson and Dyane N. Sherwood, Transformation of the Psyche: The Symbolic Alchemy of the Splendor Solis (Hove: Brunner-Routledge, 2003), fig. 29.

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 133.

Eric Ramirez-Weaver, 'The Travels of Sir John Mandeville', in Prague: The Crown of Bohemia: 1347-1437, ed. by Barbara Drake Boehm and Jirí Fajt (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006), no. 88, fig. 6.5 [exhibition catalogue] [with additional bibliography].

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 5.


Images
* * *
 
Note by Samuel Woodburn

f. 1
Note by Samuel Woodburn
Verso of the note by Samuel Woodburn

f. 1v
Verso of the note by Samuel Woodburn
Description of the manuscript by Gustav Friedrich Waagen

f. 2
Description of the manuscript by Gustav Friedrich Waagen
 
Description of the manuscript by Gustav Friedrich Waagen

f. 2v
Description of the manuscript by Gustav Friedrich Waagen
Otto von Diemeringen

f. 3
Otto von Diemeringen
Mandeville setting out on his journey

f. 3v
Mandeville setting out on his journey
 
Mandeville

f. 4
Mandeville
Mandeville

f. 4v
Mandeville
The landmarks of Cyprus

f. 5
The landmarks of Cyprus
 
Recreation in Cyprus

f. 5v
Recreation in Cyprus
The tombs of John Chrysostom, Luke, and Anne

f. 6
The tombs of John Chrysostom, Luke, and Anne
The tomb of Aristotle

f. 6v
The tomb of Aristotle
 
The tomb of Hermes Trismegistus

f. 7
The tomb of Hermes Trismegistus
Pope John XXII

f. 7v
Pope John XXII
Travellers to Tyre and Jaffa

f. 8
Travellers to Tyre and Jaffa
 
Elijah and the apostles John and James the Less

f. 8v
Elijah and the apostles John and James the Less
Mandeville

f. 9
Mandeville
Constantinople

f. 9v
Constantinople
 
The king of France with the spearhead

f. 10
The king of France with the spearhead
The emperor of Byzantium with the spearhead

f. 10v
The emperor of Byzantium with the spearhead
Presentation of the Passion relics

f. 11
Presentation of the Passion relics
 
Assembly of the cross

f. 11v
Assembly of the cross
Christ before Caiaphas

f. 12
Christ before Caiaphas
Christ before Pilate

f. 12v
Christ before Pilate
 
Seth

f. 13
Seth
The burial of Adam

f. 13v
The burial of Adam
Presentation of the crown of thorns

f. 14
Presentation of the crown of thorns
 
Christ crowned with thorns in Gethsemane

f. 14v
Christ crowned with thorns in Gethsemane
Astronomers

f. 15
Astronomers
Tournament

f. 15v
Tournament
 
Glassmaking

f. 16
Glassmaking
Samson

f. 16v
Samson

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