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Detailed record for Harley 2821

Title Gospels, with canon tables, chapter lists, and lections
Origin Germany, W. (Echternach) (now Luxembourg)
Date 3rd quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Scribe Ruotpertus
Decoration 10 full-page miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 1v, 2, 21v, 22, 67v, 68, 100v, 101, 151v, 152). Canon Tables in colours and gold (ff. 8v, 9, 9v, 10, 10v, 11, 11v, 12, 12v, 13, 13v, 14, 14v, 15, 15v, 16). 7 incipit pages in colours and gold (ff. 2v, 3, 16v, 18v, 68v, 101v, 152v). 5 full pages with large initials in colours and gold (ff. 17, 23, 69, 102, 153). 2 half pages with smaller initials in colours and gold (ff. 19, 148). 9 full pages in colours with patterns, including geometric, foliate and zoomorphic motifs. Plain initials in gold, some mid-size, some small, including incipits and explicits.
Dimensions in mm 255 x 185 (175 x 155)
Official foliation ff. i + 199 (+ 1 parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end)
Collation i8 (ff. I-7), ii8 (ff. 8-15v), iii10 (16-25v), iv-viii8 (26-65v), ix7 (ff. 66-72v -- see notes), x-xii8 (ff. 73-96v), xiii9 (97-105v -- see notes), xiv-xviii8 (ff.106-145v ), xix5 (ff. 146-150v, xx6 (ff. 151-156v), xxi-xxiii8 (ff. 157-180v), xxiv6 (ff. 181-186v), xxv8 (ff. 187-194v), xxvi3 (ff. 195-197v), ff. 198 and 199 are singletons (see notes)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Red leather with gold tooling; gilt edges.
Provenance The monastery of St Willibrord, Echternach: evidence of the script and decoration (see Boecker 1933; Nordenfalk 1971).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
There is a close connection between this manuscript and others from Echternach (see Boeckler 1933, pp. 44-45), e.g. British Library Egerton 608, and Paris, BN, lat. 10438, made for bishop Adalbero III of Metz (1047-1072).
The scribe responsible for copying ff. 26-197v, Ruotpertus, is also found in Luxembourg 246 (where he is named) and Paris, BN, lat. 9586, and is known to have worked in the time of abbot Regimbert, between 1051 and 1081 (see Nordenfalk 1971).
The original decorated endpaper (f. 198) was once an interleaf of the beginning of Luke's Gospel but is now bound upside down and reversed recto and verso, and f. 199 was probably originally placed before f. 67 (see Boeckler 1933, p. 44 n. 11).
Unfoliated modern parchment or paper leaves between most miniatures and major decorated pages.
Trimmed.
Blind ruling, including double vertical columns for chapter numbers.
F. 199 was used as a pastedown, and is inscribed in a Gothic hand (illegible).
Some medieval corrections of the text.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2821.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 4.

Henry Jenner, 'The Bodmin Gospels. Presidential Address of the Spring Meeting of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 23rd May,1922', Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall (1923), 97-145 ( p. 144).

Albert Boeckler, Das Goldene Evangelienbuch Heinrichs III (Berlin: Deutscher Verien für Kunstwissenschaft, 1933), pp. 44-46, 49, 51 n. 2-3, 83-85, plates 206-209 [facsimile].

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen. 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), p. LI no. 170.

Ernst Kitzinger, Early Medieval Art with Illustrations from the British Museum Collection (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1940), pl. 27.

Meyer Schapiro, ‘Two Romanesque Drawings in Auxerre and Some Iconographic Problems’, in Studies in Art and Literature for Belle da Costa Greene, ed. by Dorothy Miner (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1954), pp. 331-49 (p. 333 n. 9).

Exposition Saint-Willibrord: Abbaye d'Echternach 24 May-24 August 1958 (Luxembourg: St-Paul, 1958), p. 91 [exhibition catalogue].

Otto Pächt, C. R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), p. 117, pl. 137a.

Cecelia Meredith, 'The Illustrations of Codex Ebnerianus: A Study in Liturgical Illustration of the Comnenian Period', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 29 (1966), 419-24 (p. 420).

Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), no. 36, pl. 9.

Carl Nordenfalk, Codex Caesareus Upsaliensis: An Echternach Gospel-Book of the Eleventh Century, 2 vols (Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell, 1971), commentary volume, pp. 69, 80, 92, 101-02, 115, 125 [with facsimile volume].

François Avril, Claudia Rabel, and Isabelle Delaunay, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine germanique (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1995- ), I:Xe-XIVe siècle, pp. 32, 35, 92-93 no. 23, 28, 77.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 21.

Canossa 1077: Erschütterung der Welt, ed. by Christoph Stiegemann and Matthias Wemhoff, 2 vols (Munich: Hirmer, 2006), II, no. 475 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scripts and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), no. 47.

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress and Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), p. 29, pl. 11.

Anja Grebe, Codex Aureus: Das Goldene Evangelienbuch von Echternach (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2007), p. 148.

Thomas Falmagne, in collaboration with Luc Deitz, Die Echternacher Handschriften bis zum Jahr 1628 in den Beständen der Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg: sowie der Archives dioce´saines de Luxembourg, der Archives nationales, der Section historique de l'Institut grand-ducal und des Grand Se´minaire de Luxembourg, 2 vols (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2009), I, p. 141.


Images
* * *
 
Patterned pages

ff. I-1
Patterned pages
Patterned page

f. 1
Patterned page
Christ in Majesty

f. 1v
Christ in Majesty
 
Saint and monk

f. 2
Saint and monk
Saint and monk

f. 2
Saint and monk
Incipit page with saints in roundels

f. 2v
Incipit page with saints in roundels
 
Beatus initial

f. 3
Beatus initial
Text page

f. 3v
Text page
Decorated initial

f. 5
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 5v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 7v
Decorated initial
Canon table

f. 8v
Canon table
 
Canon tables

ff. 8v-9
Canon tables
Canon table

f. 9
Canon table
Canon table

f. 9v
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 10
Canon table
Canon table

f. 10v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 11
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 11v
Canon table
Canon tables

ff. 11v-12
Canon tables
Canon table

f. 12
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 12v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 13
Canon table
Canon table

f. 13v
Canon table
 
Canon tables

ff. 13v-14
Canon tables
Canon table

f. 14
Canon table
Canon table

f. 14v
Canon table
 
Canon tables

ff. 14v-15
Canon tables
Canon table

f. 15
Canon table
Canon table

f. 15v
Canon table
 
Canon tables

ff. 15v-16
Canon tables
Canon table

f. 16
Canon table
Incipit page

f. 16v
Incipit page
 
Decorated initial

f. 17
Decorated initial
Incipit page to Matthew

f. 18v
Incipit page to Matthew
Decorated initial

f. 19
Decorated initial
 
Evangelist Matthew

f. 21v
Evangelist Matthew
Annunciation

f. 22
Annunciation
Annunciation

f. 22
Annunciation
 
Incipit page to Matthew

f. 22v
Incipit page to Matthew
Decorated initial

f. 23
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 25
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 26
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 32v
Decorated initial
Patterned page

f. 67
Patterned page
 
Evangelist Mark and the Nativity

ff. 67v-68
Evangelist Mark and the Nativity
Evangelist Mark

f. 67v
Evangelist Mark
Nativity

f. 68
Nativity
 
Decorated initials

f. 69
Decorated initials
Patterned page

f. 99
Patterned page
Patterned page

f. 99v
Patterned page
 
Evangelist Luke

f. 100v
Evangelist Luke
Miniatures

ff. 100v-101
Miniatures
Crucifixion

f. 101
Crucifixion
 
Crucifixion

f. 101
Crucifixion
Incipit page to Luke

f. 101v
Incipit page to Luke
Incipit page to Luke

f. 101v
Incipit page to Luke
 
Decorated initial

f. 102
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 102
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 148v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 148v
Decorated initial
Evangelist John

f. 151v
Evangelist John
Ascension

f. 152
Ascension
 
Incipit page to John

f. 152v
Incipit page to John
Decorated initials

f. 153
Decorated initials
Lion and birds, bound upside down in the manuscript

f. 198
Lion and birds, bound upside down in the manuscript
 
Patterned page, bound upside down in the manuscript

f. 198v
Patterned page, bound upside down in the manuscript
Patterned page

f. 199
Patterned page
Patterned page

f. 199v
Patterned page
 

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