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Detailed record for Royal 18 D IX

Author Guyart des Moulins
Title La Bible Historiale, Part 1 (Bible Historiale of Edward IV)
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date 1479
Language French
Script Gothic cursive (bâtarde)
Artists Master of Edward IV, Master of the Harley Froissart or his follower
Decoration 6 large miniatures in colours and gold, with full borders, and initials in colours with penwork decoration in gold, at the beginning of major divisions (ff. 5, 109, 173, 195v, 275, 291v), one with an instruction to illuminator in the lower margin (f. 5). 7 one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with full or partial borders (ff. 1, 12, 56, 84, 153, 197v, 241). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in blue and rose with penwork decoration in white. Cadels.
Dimensions in mm 425 x 310 (275 x 193)
Official foliation ff. 319 (+ 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 1 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland, written for him probably in Bruges, volume 2 of the same set, Royal 18 D X (f. 341) is dated 1479: the royal arms of England surmounted by a crown with two shields bearing the same arms differenced by labels of three points for Edward's IV two sons (f. 1); a Yorkist badge of white a rose en soleil and a motto 'Dieu et mon droit' (ff. 1, 5, 153).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 47; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 13.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
First part of two volumes, the second of which is Royal MS 18 D X. The fourth volume is Royal MS 15 D I, but it was written previously and altered to include the arms of Edward IV. It is not known whether the third volume ever existed.
Contains the second edition of the Bible Historiale, a French adaptation of Peter Comestor's Historia scholastica by Guyart des Moulins (c. 1291-95).
Illuminated by the Master of Edward IV (ff. 109, 173, 195v, 291v) and the Master of the Harley Froissart or his follower (f. 1) (see Kren and McKendrick, 2003).
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (pp. 7-8).

Samuel Berger, La bible française au moyen âge (Paris: Champion, 1884), pp. 389-90.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 314.

F. Winkler, Die flämische Buchmalerei des XV. und XVI. Jahrhunderts: Künstler und Werke von den Brüdern van Eyck bis zu Simon Bening (Leipzig: E.A. Seemann, 1925), pp. 137-8, 179.

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', The Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 483).

A. G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c.700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts, The British Library, 2 vols (London, 1979), I, no. 906.

Guy N. Deutsch, Iconographie de l'illustration de Flavius Josephe au temps de Jean Fouquet, Arbeiten zur Literatur und Geschichte des hellenistischen Judentums, 12 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986), pp. 136, 137, 144, 155.

Georges Dogaer, Flemish Miniature Painting in the 15th and 16th Centuries (Amsterdam: B. M. Israe¨l, 1987), p. 117.

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987), pp. 23-41 (pp. 26, 28, 39).

Walter Cahn, 'Margaret of York's Guide to the Pilgrimage Churches of Rome', in Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and the Visions of Tondal, ed. by Thomas Kren (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 89-98 (p. 93).

Lilian M. C. Randall, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), III: Belgium, 1250-1530, 2 parts, I, no. 284.

McKendrick, Scot, ‘La Grande Histoire Cesar and the Manuscripts of Edward IV’, in English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 2, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths, (London: British Library, 1990), pp. 109-38, (pp. 110, 116-20).

Scot McKendrick, 'Lodewijk van Gruuthuse en de Librije van Edward IV', in Lodewijk van Gruuthuse , Mecenas en Europees Diplomaats ca. 1427-1492, ed. by M. P. J. Marten (Bruges: Stichting, 1992), pp. 153-59 (pp. 154, 159, n. 89).

Scot McKendrick, 'The Romuléon and the Manuscripts of Edward IV', in England in the Fifteenth Century, ed. by Nicholas Rogers, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 4 (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1994), pp. 149-69 (pp.161, n. 68, 162, nn. 74, 75, 164, 165, n. 101).

Bodo Brinkmann, Die fla¨mische Buchmalerei am Ende des Burgunderreichs : der Meister des Dresdener Gebetbuchs und die Miniaturisten seiner Zeit (Turnhout: Brepols, 1997), pp. 145, 293 - 296, 397, 399.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sutton, 1997), p. 45 n. 21.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.45.

Akiko Komada, Les illustrations de la Bible Historiale: les manuscrits réalisés dans le Nord, 4 vols (Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Paris IV, 2000), III, no. 38 pp. 767-69.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 48.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), no. 83, pp. 224-5, 295, 297, 300-03, 304. [exhibition catalogue].

The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 107 n. 4 [exhibition catalogue].

Hanno Wijsman, 'Two Petals of a Fleur: The 'Copenhagen Fleur des Histoires' and the Production of Illuminated Manuscripts in Bruges around 1480', in Fund og Forskning I Det Kongelige Biblioteks, 47 (2008), 17-72 (p. 69, n. 109, pl. 24).

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 42.

A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges, ed. by Nigel Morgan and Stella Panayotova, Part one, vol. II: The Meuse Region, Southern Netherlands (London: Harvey Miller, 2009), p. 158.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 54 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, ‘The Manuscripts of Edward IV: The Documentary Evidence’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 149-77 (pp. 155, 165, 166, 173).


Images
* * *
 
Guyart des Moulins

f. 1
Guyart des Moulins
Text page

f. 4v
Text page
Creation of animals

f. 5
Creation of animals
 
Creation of animals

f. 5
Creation of animals
Hybrid grotesques

f. 5
Hybrid grotesques
Adam and Eve

f. 12
Adam and Eve
 
Sacrifice of Abraham

f. 56
Sacrifice of Abraham
Sale of Joseph

f. 84
Sale of Joseph
Moses

f. 109
Moses
 
Moses

f. 109
Moses
Tabernacle

f. 153
Tabernacle
Tabernacle

f. 153
Tabernacle
 
Offerings

f. 173
Offerings
Offerings

f. 173
Offerings
Bird

f. 173
Bird
 
Arms of England

f. 173
Arms of England
Moses and God

f. 195v
Moses and God
Moses and God

f. 195v
Moses and God
 
Tabernacle

f. 197v
Tabernacle
Tabernacle

f. 197v
Tabernacle
Moses

f. 241
Moses
 
Ark

f. 275
Ark
Ark

f. 275
Ark
Battle

f. 291v
Battle
 

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