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Detailed record for Royal 20 D VI

Author Wauchier de Denain
Title Lives of the Saints
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 2nd quarter of the 13th century
Language French
Script Gothic, written below top line
Scribe written by two scribes (ff. 1-98v and 98v-233)
Artists Morgan 92 Group; Leber Group; Potocki Atelier
Decoration 60 historiated initials in colours and gold (ff. 1, 6, 10, 13v, 17, 20, 30v, 35, 40v, 41, 42, 45v, 46v, 48v, 51, 54v, 58, 64v, 66v, 68v, 71v, 72v, 78, 83, 84, 86v, 88v, 92v, 97, 99, 111, 112, 127, 128, 131v, 144, 153v, 159v, 161v, 171, 174, 176v, 178v, 185,187v, 195v, 198, 200v, 205v, 207v, 213v, 218, 220, 221v, 222v, 224v, 226, 228, 231v, 232v). Puzzle initials in red and blue with long pen-flourished extensions in red and blue. Marginal pen-flourished decoration in red and blue forming a partial border (f. 1).
Dimensions in mm 330 x 220 (240 x 150)
Official foliation ff. i + 233 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning; f. i is a medieval parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library brown leather binding with the royal arms; gilt edges.
Provenance Unidentified shelfmark '3° y' (?), 15th century (f. 1).
Inscribed 'La vie de sains', 15th century (f. i).
Added inscription related to Henry VII (b. 1457, d. 1509), king of England and lord of Ireland, and Elizabeth [Elizabeth of York] (b. 1466, d. 1503), queen of England, his consort: inscribed, 'God save kyngge Harre / and kyenne Ellessabet' (f. i).
?Shelfmark of a very large number in brown ink (Carley's 'Old Large Number') '63', (f. i).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the Catalogue of 1666, f. 14.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Translations of the lives of Martin of Tours, Brice, Ives of Provence, Martial, Nicolas, Jerome, Benedict, and Alexis were attributed to Wauchier de Denain (see Meyer 1906 and Thompson 1999).
According to Branner 1977, illuminated by 4 artists, of whom 3 are related to: 1. New York Pierpont Morgan Library 92; 2. Rouen, Bibliothèque Municipale 3016, former Leber 6 (Laber Group); 3. Warsaw, Biblioteka Narodowa 8003, former Potocki collection (the Potocki Atelier); the fourth hand remains unidentified.
Select bibliography P. Meyer, 'Notice sur le manuscrit 307 (anciens 851) de la Bibliotheque d'Arras, recueil de vies de saints en prose et en vers', Romania, 17 (1888), 366-400 (pp. 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 381, 382, 383, 385).

Bertold Georg Vitzthum, Die Pariser Miniaturmalerei von der Zeit des hl. Ludwig bis zu Philipp von Valois und ihr Verha¨ltnis zur Malerei in Nordwesteuropa (Leipzig, 1907), p. 13.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 379-81.

Robert Branner, Manuscript Painting in Paris During the Reign of Saint Louis: A Study of Styles (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977), pp. 58, 61, 63, 81, 123, 207, 209, 220, fig. 108, 115, 208.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), pl. 34.

The Libraries of the Cistercians, Gilbertines, and Premonstratensians, ed. by David N. Bell, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 3 (London: British Library, 1992), pp. 7, 9.

J. P. Carley, 'Marks in Books and the Libraries of Henry VIII', Papers-Bibliographical Society of America, 91 (1997), 583-606 (p. 606).

John Jay Thompson, ‘The Recent Discovery of a Collection in Early French Prose, Wauchier de Denain’s Li Seint Confessor’, Romance Notes, 38 (1998), 121-37 (pp. 121, 129).

Wauchier de Denain, La vie mon signeur seint Nicholas le benoit confessor, ed. by John Jay Thompson (Geneva: Droz, 1999), pp. 18, 62, pls. 1-2.

Sophie Page, Magic in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2004), p. 8, pl. 3.

La vie Seint Marcel de Lymoges, ed. by Wauchier de Denain and Molly Lynde-Recchia (Geneva: Librairie Droz, 2005), pp. 14, 30, 33

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pls 37- 38.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 131 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 06 May 2011


Images
* * *
 
Simon Magus, Peter and Paul

f. 1
Simon Magus, Peter and Paul
Crucifixion of Peter

f. 6
Crucifixion of Peter
Paul

f. 10
Paul
 
John raising Drusiana

f. 13v
John raising Drusiana
James the Great

f. 20
James the Great
Matthew

f. 30v
Matthew
 
Simon and Jude

f. 35
Simon and Jude
Philip

f. 40v
Philip
James the Less

f. 41
James the Less
 
Bartholemew

f. 42
Bartholemew
Mark

f. 45v
Mark
Longinus

f. 46v
Longinus
 
Sebastian

f. 48v
Sebastian
Sebastian

f. 48v
Sebastian
Vincent

f. 51
Vincent
 
Vincent

f. 51
Vincent
Christopher

f. 58
Christopher
Agatha

f. 64v
Agatha
 
Agatha

f. 64v
Agatha
Lucy

f. 66v
Lucy
Agnes

f. 68v
Agnes
 
Felicity

f. 71v
Felicity
Christina

f. 72v
Christina
Cecilia

f. 78
Cecilia
 
Xystus

f. 83
Xystus
Xystus

f. 83
Xystus
Laurence

f. 84
Laurence
 
Hippolytus

f. 86v
Hippolytus
Lambert

f. 88v
Lambert
Pantaleon

f. 92v
Pantaleon
 
Pantaleon

f. 92v
Pantaleon
Clement

f. 97
Clement
Martin

f. 99
Martin
 
Martin

f. 111
Martin
Postumianus and Gallus

f. 112
Postumianus and Gallus
Brice

f. 127
Brice
 
Giles

f. 128
Giles
Giles

f. 128
Giles
Martial

f. 131v
Martial
 
Nicholas

f. 144
Nicholas
Nicholas

f. 153v
Nicholas
Nicholas

f. 153v
Nicholas
 
Jerome

f. 159v
Jerome
Benedict

f. 161v
Benedict
Alexis

f. 171
Alexis
 
Irene

f. 174
Irene
Death of the Virgin

f. 176v
Death of the Virgin
Maxentius and Catherine

f. 178v
Maxentius and Catherine
 
Maxentius and Catherine

f. 178v
Maxentius and Catherine
Andrew

f. 185
Andrew
Andrew

f. 187v
Andrew
 
Paul

f. 195v
Paul
Paul

f. 195v
Paul
Translation of Benedict

f. 198
Translation of Benedict
 
Text page

f. 200
Text page
Maur annd Benedict

f. 200v
Maur annd Benedict
Placidus

f. 205v
Placidus
 
Eustace

f. 207v
Eustace
Patrick

f. 213v
Patrick
Margaret

f. 220
Margaret
 
Margaret

f. 220
Margaret
Pelagia

f. 221v
Pelagia
Simeon

f. 222v
Simeon
 
Mamertinus

f. 224v
Mamertinus
Mary of Egypt

f. 228
Mary of Egypt
Zosimas

f. 228
Zosimas
 
Eupharasia

f. 231v
Eupharasia
Antichrist

f. 232v
Antichrist

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