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Detailed record for Royal 2 B III

Title Psalter
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date 1st quarter of the 13th century (text); 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 13th century (miniatures)
Language Latin
Script Gothic; written above top line
Decoration 7 full page prefatory miniatures in colours and gold of the Nativity cycle (ff. 8v, 9v, 10v, 11v, 12v, 13v, 14v), and 6 full page miniatures in colours and gold of the Passion cycle (ff. 36v, 51, 65, 78v, 109v, 126). 2 miniatures of the Passion cycle are probably missing (after ff. 94 and 111). 12 miniatures of the Labours of the months in colours and gold in the calendar (ff. 2-7v). 10 historiated initials with marginal extensions, at the beginning of major Psalm divisions (ff. 15v, 27, 56v, 64, 64v, 79, 95, 110, 112, 125v). Large initials in gold on rose and blue grounds with penwork decoration in white and with partial bar-borders, at the beginning of other Psalms. Small initials in gold on rose and blue grounds, at the beginning of verses. Line fillers in red, blue, and gold, sometimes in the form of a fish.
Dimensions in mm 255 x 185 (175 x 120), in one column
Official foliation ff. 174 (+ 4 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end; f. 1 is a medieval parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance The calendar includes saints venerated in Bruges in red: Donatian (14th October), Basilius (14th June), Boniface (5th June), Walburga (1st May), and in the Bruges region: Gudwal (6th June), Bavo (1st October), Leonard (6th November) and Livin (12th November); Thomas of Canterbury is erased (f. 7v);
Added leaf with an omitted text (Psalm 9: 20-10: 11), 14th century (f. 22r-22v).
Cambridge, perhaps in the possession of a Cambridge student or professor, 16th century: numerous addition in the calendar, inscribed 'Reasumptio. Missa Botulphi' (14th January); Robert Rede, judge, his executors founded the 'Barnaby' or 'Rede Lectures' in 1524 in the ‘Common Schooles’ in Cambridge (d. 1519), 'inscribed 'Exequie Roberti Rede militis, o[mniu]m / studentiu[m] in artibus' (19th January); Walter Neel or Neal, founder of a chest at Cambridge and Oxford in 1345, inscribed 'exequie Walteri Nele / exequie i[n] eccl[es]ia Botulphi' (22nd January); William Bateman, bishop of Norwich, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge (b. c.1298, d.1355), inscribed 'exequie Will[el]mi norwic[ensis] ep[iscop]I' (24th January); Richard de Ling or Harling (d. 1355), chancellor of Cambridge University in 1337-1339, founder of a chest in 1352, inscribed, 'exequie Rica[rdi] de Ling' (4th February); William Blyth, archdeacon of Norfolk (d. c. 1272-73), inscribed 'exequie Will[el]mi de Blida' (23rd February); inscribed 'hoc die tene[n]t[ur] o[mn]es rege[n]tes esse / p[re]sentes in missa a[n]te p[ri]ncipium eva[n]geli ad 3m / agnus /' (24th February), Richard de Billingford, chancellor of Cambridge University in 1400-1402 and 1409-1413, founder of a chest in 1400, inscribed 'exequie Billingford (27th February); the days on which there were no disputations noted by the same hand (f. 2r-2v).
Ralph Prynne (mentioned in proceedings of the Court of Chancery for 1544-1551, National Archives, C 1/1253/57-59), dedicated by him, perhaps as a gift, to Mary I (b. 1516, d. 1558), queen of England and Ireland (1553-1558): inscribed, 'Gode save the most vertuous and no/bull Quene Marys gras, / and send her to injoye the crou[n]ne / of Eynglande longe tyme and spas / her enimys to confunde, and / hutterly to deface, / and to folo her godly proce/dynges God geve us gras, / as every subyeccte ys bounde / for her gras to praye. / That god mane preserue her body, / from all daungers both nyght / and daye. God save the Quene / Be me your humbull and poore orytur Rafe, Pryne, grocer, of Loundon, wushynge your gras prosperus helthe' (f. 1v).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes The full-page miniatures were painted on separate leaves and inserted into the book when it was bound (see 'Royal Manuscripts' (2011)).
According to Carlvant (1986 and 1987), illuminated by a German artist working in Bruges and Brabant. Other manuscripts associated with him are: Cambridge, Magdalene College, MS F.4.7 and Aschaffenburg, Hofbibliothek, MS 5.
Includes a calendar (ff. 2-7v) and litany with prayers (ff. 171v-174v).
Holes in parchment above each full-page miniature were previously used to sew in curtains.
Select bibliography Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 7.

J.A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 204.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 39.

[J.A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 71.

Günther Haseloff, Die Psalterillustration im 13. Jahrhundert: Studien zur Geschichte der Buchmalerei in England, Frankreich und den Niederlanden ([n. p.]: [n. pub.], 1938), p. 67.

Kerstin Carlvant, 'Some Modest Psalters from Thirteenth-Century Flanders', Scriptorium, 40 (1986) 88-95 (p. 90n.).

Kerstin Carlvant, 'A Brabantine Illuminator of the Mid-Thirteenth Century', in Miscelanea Neerlandica: Opstellen voor Dr. Jan Deschamps ter Gelegenheid van zijn Zeventigste Verjaardag, ed. by Elly Cockx-Indestege and Frank Hendrickx (Leuven: Peeters, 1987), pp. 355-80 (pp. 262-63, fig. 14).

Alison Stones, 'The Full-Page Miniatures of the Psalter-Hours New York, PML, ms. M. 729: Programme and Patron', in The Illuminated Psalter: Studies in the Content, Purpose and Placement of its Images, ed. by F.O. Büttner (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 281-307 (pp. 300, 305, 307).

A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges, ed. by Nigel Morgan and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2009), Part one, vol. II: The Meuse Region, Southern Netherlands, p. 37.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 82 [exhibition catalogue].

Kerstin Carlvant, Manuscript Painting in Thirteenth-Century Flanders: Bruges, Ghent and the Circle of the Counts (London: Harvey Miller, 2012), pp. 22, 31, 45, 65, 71, 80, 176-78, 181-83, 295-300, 321, 323-24, 362, 367-82, tables 1 and 7A, fig. 5.


Images
* * *
 
Inscription

f. 1v
Inscription
January

f. 2
January
February

f. 2v
February
 
March

f. 3
March
April

f. 3v
April
May

f. 4
May
 
Man hawking

f. 4
Man hawking
June

f. 4v
June
July

f. 5
July
 
August

f. 5v
August
September

f. 6
September
October

f. 6v
October
 
November

f. 7
November
December

f. 7v
December
Tree of Jesse

f. 8v
Tree of Jesse
 
Annunciation

f. 9v
Annunciation
The Nativity

f. 10v
The Nativity
Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 11v
Annunciation to the Shepherds
 
Adoration of the Magi

f. 12v
Adoration of the Magi
Massacre of the Innocents

f. 13v
Massacre of the Innocents
Flight into Egypt

f. 14v
Flight into Egypt
 
David

f. 15v
David
Entry into Jerusalem

f. 36v
Entry into Jerusalem
Temptation of Christ

f. 37
Temptation of Christ
 
Temptation of Christ

f. 37v
Temptation of Christ
Dormition of the Virgin

f. 50v
Dormition of the Virgin
Betrayal of Christ

f. 51
Betrayal of Christ
 
Christ washing the feet of the apostles

f. 64
Christ washing the feet of the apostles
Ascension of Christ

f. 64v
Ascension of Christ
Scourging of Christ

f. 65
Scourging of Christ
 
Christ carrying the cross

f. 78v
Christ carrying the cross
Pentecost

f. 79
Pentecost
Resurrection

f. 95
Resurrection
 
Holy Women at the Tomb

ff. 109v-110
Holy Women at the Tomb
Holy Women at the Tomb

f. 109v
Holy Women at the Tomb
Noli me tangere

f. 110
Noli me tangere
 
Noli me tangere

f. 110
Noli me tangere
Last Judgement

f. 112
Last Judgement
Christ and Thomas

f. 125v
Christ and Thomas
 
Harrowing of Hell

f. 126
Harrowing of Hell

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