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Detailed record for Harley 1585

Title Medical miscellany of a pharmacopeial compilation, including a herbal and bestiary illustrating the pharmocopeial properties of animals (see Notes)
Origin Netherlands, S. (Mosan region), or England?
Date 3rd quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Large drawing in ink (f. 7v). Full page drawings of medical procedures or of figures in ink, most on backgrounds of coloured washes, some also with gold (ff. 8, 8v, 9, 9v, 12v, 13). Numerous ink drawings of plants or scenes, most in colours. Initials in red or blue, some with penwork decoration in the same or another colour.
Dimensions in mm 215 x 155 (165 x 115) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 92 ( + an unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Collation i-ii6, iii10-1 (tenth missing), iv-ix8, x8-1 (eighth missing), xi8, xii6, xiii2
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. 19th century; gold edges.
Provenance Henry Worsley (b. 1675, d. 1741), scholar and manuscript collector, envoy at the Court of Portugal (1714-21) and governor of Barbados (1721-31), his manuscript no. 49; donated by him to Robert Harley together with other manuscripts from Worsley's collection (now Harley 1586-1747, 1811, 1812) before December 1712: a note in pencil (f. i) in the hand of Harley's librarian, Humfrey Wanley (1672-1726), reads 'Coll Worsley'.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Contents:
Table of contents (ff. 1v-6v);
Pseudo-Hippocrates, Epistula ad Antiochum regem (ff. 6v-7v);
Pseudo-Hippocrates, Epistula ad Maecenatem (De regenda sanitate) (ff. 10-12);
Prayers to the Earth Goddess and the Herbs (ff. 12v-13, 13v);
Pseudo-Antonius Musa, De herba vettonica liber (ff. 13v-16v);
Pseudo-Apuleius Platonicus, Herbarium or De medicaminibus herbarum (ff. 16v-58);
De taxone (f. 58r-58v);
(Pseudo-?) Sextus Placitus, Liber medicinae ex animalibus (ff. 58-78v);
Pseudo-Dioscorides, Liber medicinae ex herbis femininis (ff. 79-92v);-
Text relating to a plaster against gout (excerpt from Theodorus Priscianus, Euporista ?) (f. 92v).
The Pseudo-Apuleius text often lacks a description of the form of the plants themselves.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II, no. 1585.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

Karl Sudhoff, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Chirurgie im Mittelalter: Graphische und textliche Untersuchungen in mittelalterlichen Handschriften, 2 vols (Leipzig: Barth, 1914-1918), I, Studien zur Geschichte der Medizin, 10, pp. 15, 81.

Hanns Swarzenski, Die Lateinischen Illuminierten Handschriften des XIII. Jahrhunderts in den Ländern an Rhein, Main und Donau, 2 vols (Berlin: Deutscher Verin fur Kunstwissenschaft, 1936), I, 101 n. 2.

T. S. R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 193 n. 2.

Loren MacKinney and Thomas Herndon, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, New Series, 5 (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), nos 50, 86.41.

D. H. Turner, Romanesque Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1966), p. 15, pl. 6.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, pp. xix-xx.

Florens Deuchler, Der Ingeborgpsalter (Berlin: de Gruyter & Co., 1967), pp. 135-36, pls 213-14.

Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), no. 36.

M.W. Evans, Medieval Drawings (London, New York, Sydney and Toronto: Hamlyn, 1969), no. 63.

Robert Herrlinger, History of Medical Illustration from Antiquity to A. D. 1600 (Nijkerk: Pitman Medical & Scientific Publishing, 1970), p. 32, fig. 32.

Harvey Stahl, ‘Le bestiaire de Douai’, Revue de l’art, 8 (1970), 6-16 (pp. 10-11, n. 19).

C. R. Dodwell, Painting in Europe: 800 to 1200 (London: Penguin Books, 1971). p. 162, fig. 179.

Larry M. Ayers, 'A Miniatuer from Jumièges and Trends in Manuscript Illumination around 1200', in Intuition und Kunstwissenshaft:Festschrift für Hanns Swarzenski, ed. by Peter Bloch and others (Berlin: Mann, 1973), pp. 115-40 (pp. 126-27, fig. 17).

Elisabeth Klemm, Ein romanischer Miniaturenzyklus aus dem Maasgebiet, Winer Kunstgeschichtliche Forschungen, 2 (Vienna: Adolf Holzhausens, 1973), pl. 82.

Reiner Haussherr, 'Der Ingeborgpsalter Bemerkungen zu Datierungs- und Stilfragen' in The Year 1200: A Symposium (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1975), 231-50 (p. 236).

C. M. Kauffmann, Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190 Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 3 (London: Harvey Miller, 1975), pp. 113, 126.

Linda Ehrsam Voigts, 'One Anglo-Saxon View of the Classical Gods', in Studies in Iconography 3 (1977), 3-16 (p. 14, n. 32).

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), I: 1190-1250, p. 55.

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medical Miniatures (London: British Library, 1984), pp. 84, 86, 99-100, 102. figs 37, 44.

John E. Murdoch, Album of Science: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, ed. by I. B. Cohen (New York: Scribner's Sons, 1984), nos 195, 203.

C. R. Dodwell, The Pictorial Arts of the West 800-1200 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993), p. 273, pl. 270.

Ursula Nilgen, 'Heinrich der Löwe und England', in Heinrich der Löwe und seine Zeit: Herrschaft und Repräsentation der Welfen 1125-1235, ed. by Jochen Luckhardt and Franz Niehoff, 3 vols (Munich: Hirmer, 1995), II, pp. 329-342, (p. 331, pl. 221).

Minta Collins, Medieval Herbals: The Illustrative Traditions (London: British Library, 2000), pp. 203-05, fig. 55-56.

The Grant Atelier: Patheways of Art in Europe (5th-18th Centureis), ed. by Roland Recht (Brussels: Europalia, 2007), no. IV.9, p. 114 [exhibition catalogue] [with additional bibliography].

Catalogued for the Harley Medical Manuscripts Project [http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/manuscripts/INDEX.asp], accessed 29 May 2008.

The Medieval Bestiary: Animals in the Middle Ages, ed. by David Badke, [http://bestiary.ca/manuscripts/manulocshelf.htm] [accessed 14 August 2009].


Images
* * *
 
Text page

f. 7
Text page
Physician

f. 7v
Physician
Cautery points

f. 8
Cautery points
 
Cautery points

f. 8v
Cautery points
Medical procedures

f. 9
Medical procedures
Surgical procedures

f. 9v
Surgical procedures
 
Physicians

ff. 12v-13
Physicians
Physician

f. 12v
Physician
Physician

f. 12v
Physician
 
Physician

f. 13
Physician
Physician

f. 13
Physician
Plant

f. 14
Plant
 


f. 14v


f. 15
Miniature

f. 16
Miniature
 
Plant and scorpion

ff. 16v-17
Plant and scorpion
Plant

f. 18
Plant
Plants

ff. 18v-19
Plants
 
Plant

f. 18v
Plant
Man and snake

f. 19
Man and snake
Plants

ff. 19v-20
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 20v-21
Plants
Plants and centaur

ff. 21v-22
Plants and centaur
Plants

f. 22
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 22v-23
Plants
Plants

ff. 22v-23
Plants


f. 23
 
Plants

ff. 23v-24
Plants
Plant

f. 23v
Plant
Plants

ff. 24v-25
Plants
 


f. 24v
Plants and snake

ff. 25v-26
Plants and snake
Man spearing a snake

f. 26
Man spearing a snake
 
Plants

ff. 26v-27
Plants
Plants.

ff. 27v-28
Plants.
Plants and centaur

ff. 28v-29
Plants and centaur
 
Centaur

f. 29
Centaur
Plants and man

ff. 29v-30
Plants and man
Plants

f. 30
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 30v-31
Plants
Plants.

ff. 31v-32
Plants.
Plants

ff. 32v-33
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 33v-34
Plants
Plants

f. 33v
Plants
Plants

ff. 34v-35
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 35v-36
Plants
Plants

ff. 36v-37
Plants
Plants

ff. 37v-38
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 38v-39
Plants
Plants

f. 38v
Plants
Plants

f. 39
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 39v-40
Plants
Plants

ff. 40v-41
Plants
Plants

ff. 41v-42
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 42v-43
Plants
Plants

ff. 43v-44
Plants
Plants

ff. 44v-45
Plants
 
Plant

f. 44v
Plant


f. 45
Plants and man

ff. 45v-46
Plants and man
 
Plants

ff. 46v-47
Plants
Plants

ff. 47v-48
Plants
Plants

ff. 48v-49
Plants
 
Plants

f. 48v
Plants
Plant

f. 49
Plant
Plants

ff. 49v-50
Plants
 
Plants and dragon

ff. 50v-51
Plants and dragon
Plants

ff. 51v-52
Plants
Plants

f. 51v
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 52v-53
Plants
Plants

ff. 53v-54
Plants
Plants

ff. 54v-55
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 55v-56
Plants
Mandrake

f. 57
Mandrake
Plants and animal

ff. 57v-58
Plants and animal
 
Deer and plants

ff. 62v-63
Deer and plants
Fox and deer

ff. 64v-65
Fox and deer
Fox

f. 64v
Fox
 
Boar and animals

ff. 65v-66
Boar and animals
Lions and bull

ff. 66v-67
Lions and bull
Elephant and dog

ff. 67v-68
Elephant and dog
 
Horse

f. 68v
Horse
Horse

f. 68v
Horse
Horse

f. 69
Horse
 
Horse

f. 69
Horse
Horse

f. 69v
Horse
Sheep and goat

f. 70v
Sheep and goat
 
Urination

f. 72v
Urination
Animals

f. 74
Animals
Animals and birds

ff. 74v-75
Animals and birds
 
Birds

ff. 75v-76
Birds
Chickens

ff. 76v-77
Chickens
Bird

f. 77
Bird
 
Bird

f. 78
Bird
Birds

f. 78v
Birds
Plants

ff. 82v-83
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 83v-84
Plants
Plants

ff. 84v-85
Plants
Plants

ff. 85v-86
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 86v-87
Plants
Plant

ff. 87v-88
Plant
Plants

ff. 88v-89
Plants
 
Plants

ff. 89v-90
Plants
Plants

ff. 90v-91
Plants
Plant

f. 90v
Plant
 
Plants

ff. 91v-92
Plants

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