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Detailed record for Additional 54782

Title Book of Hours, Sarum Use (the 'Hastings Hours', or 'London Hours of William Lord Hastings')
Origin Netherlands, S. (Ghent?)
Date c. 1480
Language Latin
Script Gothic hybrid
Artists Master of the First Prayer Book of Maximilian I
Decoration Twenty-eight full-page miniatures with full borders and faced by a text page with full border with foliate rinceaux and naturalistic flowers, insects and birds set against gilded or coloured grounds. In five cases, the facing text page has a historiated border (ff. 43, 54, 67, 126, 279). Seven full-page miniatures are now lost; their facing text pages have full borders (ff. 13, 26, 45, 46, 47, 52, 61). Four half-page miniatures with full borders (ff. 38, 39, 40, 41). Large foliate initials in blue with red infills with gold foliate patterning, on cusped gilded grounds. Small foliate initials and foliate line fillers on gilded rectilinear grounds throughout.
Dimensions in mm 165 x 120 (85 x 60)
Official foliation ff. i + 300 +ii (ff. i-iii are paper leaves, f. i is at the beginning of the manuscript and ff. ii-iii at the end + one unfoliated paper flyleaf and one unfoliated parchment flyleaf between f. I and f. 1)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red morocco with gold tooling; gilt gauffered edges.
Provenance ? Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland: possibly made for him (see Alexander, 'Painting and Manuscript Illumination' (1983), p. 161).
? Edward V (b. 1470, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland: possibly made for him whilst Prince of Wales (see Tudor-Craig, 'The Hours of Edward V' (1987); and Brinkmann, 'The Hastings Hours' (1988), pp. 90-91).
William Hastings (b. c. 1430, d. 1483), first Baron Hastings, courtier and administrator: his arms are added to ff. 13, 74, 151, and 184v.
Bernard Quaritch, London bookseller: purchased at their sale in 1910 by Dyson Perrins for £2,200 (see Backhouse, The Hastings Hours (1996), p. 55).
Charles William Dyson Perrins (b. 1864, d. 1958), book and porcelain collector and benefactor: his bookplate and shelfmark are found on f. I verso (see also Warner, A Descriptive Catalogue (1920), pp. 130-35, pl. 51).
Frieda Dyson Perrins (b. c. 1882, d. 1968), née Florence Winifred Midwood Milne, inherited from her husband; bequeathed to the British Museum on her death.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
One of the earliest manuscripts with 'scatter' borders filled with illusionistic flower paintings.
In Flemish manuscripts the miniatures are often painted on separate leaves. This manuscript originally had 39 miniatures; all but four of the surviving minaitures were painted on separate leaves; seven miniatures relating to devotions at the beginning of the manuscript are now lost.
Select bibliography George Frederick Warner, Descriptive Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts in the Library of C. W. Perrins (Oxford, 1920), I, p. 237.

F. Winkler, Die flämische Buchmalerei des XV. und XVI. Jahrhunderts: Künstler und Werke von den Brüdern van Eyck bis zu Simon Bening / Mit 91 Lichtdrucktafeln (Leipzig, 1925), pp.113, 169.

Flemish Art 1300-1700 (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1953) [exhibition catalogue].

A. H. Van Buren, 'The Master of Mary of Burgundy and His Colleagues: The State of Research and Questions of Method' Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, 38 (1975), 306-07.

Otto Pächt, 'Die niederländischen Stundenbücher des Lord Hastings', Litterae Textuales: Miniatures, Scripts, Collections , 4 vols (Amsterdam: Gendt, 1972-76), IV: Miniatures, Scripts, Collections, pp. 29-32.

Ernst Trenkler, Rothschild-Gebetbuch Codex Vindobonensis seria nova 2844 des Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek (Graz: Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, 1979), pp. 81-82, 84.

Janet Backhouse, 'Review of The Master of Mary of Burgundy by J.J.G. Alexander', Burlington Magazine , 115 (1973), 684-85.

P. de Winter,' A Book of Hours of Queen Isabel la Católica', Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, 68 (1981), 342-427 (pp. 347, 362-363, 369, 374, 397, 406, 408, 424).

J. J. G. Alexander, 'Painting and Manuscript Illumination for Royal Patrons in the Later Middle Ages', in English Court Culture in the Later Middle Ages, ed. by V. J. Scattergood and J. W. Sherborne (London: Duckworth, 1983), pp. 141-62 (p. 161).

Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983), no. 3, pp. 21-30.

The Hastings Hours, with preface and commentary by D. H. Turner (London: Thames and Hudson, 1983) [partial colour facsimile of 78 pages].

Janet Backhouse, Books of Hours (London: British Library, 1985), fig. 59.

Pamela Tudor Craig, ‘The Hours of Edward V and William Lord Hastings: British Library Manuscript Additional 54782’, in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 351-69.

Janet Backhouse, The Hastings Hours (London: British Library, 1996).

Maurits Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century (Leuven: Brepols, 1999), pl. 74 on p. 469.

Nicolas Rogers, ‘Patrons and Purchasers: Evidence for the Original Owners of Books of Hours Produced in the Low Countries for the English Market’ in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), II, pp. 1165-81 (p. 1178).

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: the Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), cat. No. 41, pp. 192-94 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550(London: British Library, 2003), pls. 37-42.

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 244.

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 112.

Watercolour, ed. by Alison Smith (London: Tate Publishing, 2011), no. 2 [exhibition catalogue].

Joris Corin Heyder, 'Corporate Design Made in Ghent/Bruges? On the Extensive Reuse of Patterns in Late Medieval Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts', in The Use of Models in Medieval Book Painting, ed. by Monika E. Müller (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014), pp. 167-201 (pp. 182-83).


Images
* * *
 
David of Wales

f. 40
David of Wales
Adoration of the Magi

ff. 42v-43
Adoration of the Magi
Adoration of the Magi

f. 42v
Adoration of the Magi
 
Coins raining from above

f. 43
Coins raining from above
Lovers or musicians in a barge, with city-scape

f. 54
Lovers or musicians in a barge, with city-scape
Murder of Becket

f. 55v
Murder of Becket
 
Elizabeth of Hungary

f. 64v
Elizabeth of Hungary
Nativity

f. 106v
Nativity
Illuminated initial

f. 107
Illuminated initial
 
Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 113v
Annunciation to the Shepherds
Terce

f. 114
Terce
English royal barge

f. 126
English royal barge
 
A funeral service

f. 184v
A funeral service
Souls of the blessed arriving in Heaven

f. 230v
Souls of the blessed arriving in Heaven
Commendation of souls

f. 231
Commendation of souls
 

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