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Detailed record for Royal 16 G III

Author Jean Aubert
Title La vie de notre seigneur Jhesucrist, La Vengance de la mort Jhesu Christ
Origin Netherlands, S. (Ghent)
Date 1479
Language French
Script Gothic cursive (bâtarde)
Scribe David Aubert
Artists Master of the Flemish Boethius
Decoration 9 miniatures in colours and gold, with full or partial borders with acanthus, flowers, and birds (ff. 8, 18v, 33v, 59v, 86, 113, 168v), some with instruction to illuminators (ff. 141, 168v). Initials in gold on rose and blue grounds with penwork decoration in white or gold. Line-fillers in blue, rose, and gold with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 385 x 275 (115 x 160)
Official foliation ff. 212 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves, 1 attached to a paper flyleaf, at the end; 1 blank leaf after f. 192)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Royal library parchment binding with gilt and gauffered edges.
Provenance David Aubert (b. before 1413, d. c. 1479), librarian to Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy, written by him in Ghent in 1479: his colophon 'Cy fini le traittie Intitule / La Vengance. Escript par / david aubert en la bonne / ville de gand Lan de grace / mil cccc lxxix' (f. 212).
?Shelfmark of a very large number in brown ink (Carley's 'Old Large Number') '38' (i).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 69; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 13v.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes 'La vie de notre seigneur Jhesucrist', the French adaptation attributed to Jean Aubert (ff. 1-192v) of the Vita Christi by Michael of Massa (see Straub 1998); preceded by a list of contents (ff. 1-7); and 'La Vengance de la mort Jhesu Christ' in the 'Family H' version (ff. 193-212).
Illuminated by the Master of the Flemish Boethius named after Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, néel. 1; previously incorrectly identified by Paul Durrieu 1891 as Alexander Bening (d. 1519), father of Simon Bening, and sometimes referred to as the 'so-called Alexander Bening' (Winkler 1925). Another two related copies of the same text illuminated by him are: Cracow, Biblioteka Czartoryskich 2919, made for Guillaume de Ternay in 1478, and Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, fr. 181, made for Louis of Gruuthuse c. 1480.
Instruction for an illuminator in French reading 'venient nostre seigneur (?) devant caiphas … des Juifs et autres de sa loy' (f. 141) and parts of another instruction (f. 168v)
Catchwords and bifolium signatures. Foliation in red beginning on f. 8.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 9).

Paul Durrieu, 'Alexandre Bening et le peintres du bréviaire Grimani', Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 5 (1891), 353-67 (p. 364); 6 (1891) 55-69 (p. 55).

G. Doutrepont, La littérature française à la cour des ducs de Bourgogne: Philippe le Hardi, Jean sans Peur, Philippe le Bon, Charles le Téméraire (Paris: Honoré Champion, 1909), pp. 234-35, 493.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 314.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 207-08.

F. Winkler, Die flämische Buchmalerei des XV. und XVI. Jahrhunderts: Künstler und Werke von den Brüdern van Eyck bis zu Simon Bening (Leipzig: E.A. Seemann, 1925), pp.117, 179.

Bénédictins du Bouveret, Colophons de manuscrits occidentaux des origines au XVIe siècle, 6 vols (Fribourg: Éditions universitaires, 1965-1982), I, no. 3311.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 899.

Vlaamse kunst op perkament: Handschriften en miniaturen te Brugge van de 12de tot de 16de eeuw: tentoonstelling ingericht door de Stad Brugge in het Gruuthusemuseum 18 juli-18 oktober 1981 (Bruges: Stedelijke Musea, 1981), p. 261.

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987), 23- 41 (pp. 26, 40, pl. 8).

Michelle P. Brown, A Guide to Western Historical Scripts from Antiquity to 1600 (London: British Library, 1990), pl. 42.

Thomas Kren, 'Introduction' in Margaret of York, Simon Marmion and the Visions of Tondal, ed. by Thomas Kren (Malibu: Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 13-27 (pp. 18, 25 n. 47).

La Vengeance de Nostre-Seigneur: The Old and Middle French Prose Versions, ed. by Alvin E. Ford, 2 vols, Studies and Texts, 63 and 115 (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1993), II, pp. 4, 150 [ff. 193-212v).

Scot McKendrick, 'The Romuléon and the Manuscripts of Edward IV', in England in the Fifteenth Century, ed. by Nicholas Rogers, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 4 (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1994), pp. 149-69 (p.159, n.60).

Richard E. Straub, David Aubert, escripvain et clerc (Amsterdam/Atlanta: Rodopi, 1995), pp. 7 1-72.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), pp. 198, 200, pl. 176.

J. P. Carley, 'Marks in Books and the Libraries of Henry VIII', Papers-Bibliographical Society of America, 91 (1997), 583-606 (p. 605).

Richard E. Straub, La tradition manuscrite de la Vie de Jésus-Christ en sept parties (Montreal: CERES, 1998), pp. 50-57, pl. VI.

E. Burgio, 'David Aubert la Vengance de la mort nostre seigneur: Contributo alla storia della tradizione', Studi testuali, 5 (1998), 63-84 (pp. 60-61).

Pascale Charron and Marc Gil, 'Les enluminures des manuscrits de David Aubert', in Les manuscrits de David Aubert escripvain bourguignon, ed. by Danielle Quéruel, Cultures et Civilisation Médiévales, 18 (Paris: Press de l'Université de Paris-Sorbonne, 1999), pp. 81-100 (pp. 86, 100).

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.63.

Katarzyna Plonka Balus, ‘Vita Christi (et) la vengeance de Jhesu Crist notre seigneur: Remarks on the Decoration of a 15th-century Manuscript in the Czartoryski Library', in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), II, pp. 1133-53 (p. 1059, pl. 8).

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 43.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), p. 309 [exhibition catalogue].

Katarzyna Plonka Balus, Vita Christi [et] Vengance de Nostre Seigneur Jhesu Christ: Zagadnienia tresci, stylu i funkcji miniatur rekopisu 2919 w Bibliotece Czartoryskich (Cracow: Universitas, 2004), pp. 11, 22, 23, 38, 164, 180.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 152 [exhibition catalogue].

Catherine Reynolds, ‘Makers of Royal Manuscripts: Court Artists in France and the Netherlands’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 131-48 (p. 142-43).

Maureen Boulton, Sacred Fictions of Medieval France (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2015), p. 327.
Last revised: 04 May 2011


Images
* * *
 
Translator at work

f. 8
Translator at work
Translator at work

f. 8
Translator at work
Birds

f. 8
Birds
 
God the Father

f. 18v
God the Father
Annunciation

f. 18v
Annunciation
Bird

f. 18v
Bird
 
God the Father

f. 18v
God the Father
God the Father

f. 18v
God the Father
Text page

f. 19
Text page
 
Nativity

f. 33v
Nativity
Nativity

f. 33v
Nativity
Baptism of Christ

f. 59v
Baptism of Christ
 
Christ feeding the Five Thousand

f. 86
Christ feeding the Five Thousand
Life of Christ

f. 86
Life of Christ
Life of Christ

f. 86
Life of Christ
 
Life of Christ

f. 113
Life of Christ
Christ before Caiaphas

f. 141
Christ before Caiaphas
Resurrection and Noli me tangere

f. 168v
Resurrection and Noli me tangere
 
Life of Judas

f. 193
Life of Judas

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