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Detailed record for Burney 20

ff. 6v-288v 
Title Four Gospels (ff. 6v-288v), adapted for liturgical use, each preceded by a table of capitula
ff. 290-317 
Title Synaxarion: table of lessons
ff. 3-6 
Title Canon tables
Origin Eastern Mediterranean (Constantinople?)
Date 1285
Language Greek
Script Greek minuscule
Scribe The hieromonk Theophilus
Decoration 4 miniatures (evangelist portraits: ff, 6v, 90v, 142v, 226v), before each Gospel. Four foliate headpieces (ff. 7, 91, 143, 227), titles in gold, and large initials in gold and blue at the beginning of each Gospel; small brown initials.
Dimensions in mm 190 x 155 (140 x 90)
Official foliation ff. i + 319 (ff. i-1 and 319 are paper flyleaves; f. 318 is a parchment flyleaf); mounted on modern guards.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1964.
Provenance Written by the hieromonk Theophilus on 30 May 1285 (colophon, f. 288v); the colophon later altered to 985.
Erased Greek inscription, f .7, possibly between 1500 and 1599.
Charles Burney (b. 1757, d. 1817), D.D., classical scholar.
Acquired by the British Museum as part of Burney’s library from his son Charles Parr Burney in 1818.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, (London: British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part II: The Burney Manuscripts (1840), p. 4.

Frederick Henry Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of about Twenty Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (hitherto unexamined) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,1853), pp. xlix-li (this manuscript as ‘p’).

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 2.

H. Omont, ‘Notes sur les manuscrits grecs du British Museum’, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes, 45 (1884), 314-50 (p. 350).

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 64.

John Bradley, Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: Bracken Books, 1920), no. 8.

[[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 6.

Hugo Buchthal and Francis Wormald, Miniature Painting in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 84 n. 2.

John Beckwith, The Art of Constantinople: An Introduction to Byzantine Art 330-1453 (London: Phaidon Press, 1961), p. 133, fig. 174.

Byzantine Art, A European Art, catalogue of the Ninth Exhibition of the Council of Europe, April 1 June 15, 1964, Zappeion Exhibition Hall (Athens: Institut français d’Athènes, 1964), no. 326.

James A. Stubblebine, 'Byzantine Influence in Thirteenth-Century Italian Panl Painting', Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 20 (1966), 85-101 (pp. 96-7 and fig. 17).

Victor Lazarev, Storia della pittura bizantina (Torino: Einaudi, 1967), p. 281.

John Beckwith, The Art of Constantinople: An Introduction to Byzantine Art 330-1453, 2nd edn (London: Phaidon, 1968), p. 133, pl. 174.

Guglielmo Matthiae, ‘Sulle origini della pittura paleologa’, Rivista dell’Istituto nazionale d’archeologia e storia dell’arte, n.s. 18 (1971), 101-79 (p. 156, figs 58-60).

Jaroslav Folda, Crusader Manuscript Illumination at Saint-Jean d'Acre, 1275-1291 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976), p. 80 n. 19.

John Lowden, ‘Two Byzantine Manuscripts dated 1285: B.L., Burney MS. 20 and Laur. Plut. 6.28,’ (unpublished master's dissertation, University of London, The Courtauld Institute of Art, 1977).

The Christian Orient (London: British Library, 1978), no. 11 [exhibition catalogue].

Giancarlo Prato, 'Scritture librarie arcaizzanti della prima eta' dei paleologi e loro modelli', Scrittura e civiltà, 3 (1979), 151-93 (fig. 7b).

Alexander Turyn, Dated Greek Manuscripts of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries in the Libraries of Great Britian, Dumbarton Oaks Studies, 17 (Washington: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, 1980), pp. 42-44, pls 26, 103b.

Repertorium der griechischen Kopisten 800-1600, ed. by Ernst Gamillscheg and Dieter Harlfinger, Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Byzantinistik, 3, ed. by Herbert Hunger (Vienna: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1981- ), I: Handschriften aus Bibliotheken Grossbritanniens, 3 vols, no. 138.

Ioannis Spatharakis, Corpus of Dated Illuminated Greek Manuscripts to the year 1453, Byzantania Neerlandica, 8, 2 vols (Leiden: Brill, 1981), I, no. 195; II, figs 358-60.

Sever J. Voicu and Serenella D’Alisera, I. MA. G. E. S.: index in manuscriptorum graecorum edita specimina (Rome: Borla, 1981), p. 373.

Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des neuen Testaments, ed. by Kurt Aland, Arbeiten zur neutestamentlichen Textforschung, 1 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1994), min. 482.

John Lowden, catalogue entry no. 207, in Byzantium: Treasures of Byzantine Art and Culture from British Collections, ed. by David Buckton (London: British Museum, 1994).

Summary Catalogue of Greek Manuscripts (London: British Library, 1999- ), I, 29.

John Lowden, 'Manuscript Illumination in Byzantium, 1261-1667', in Byzantium: Faith and Power (126101557), ed. by Helen C. Evans (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2004), pp. 259-269 (p. 262).
Last revised: 05 February 2005


ff. 6v-288v
Four Gospels (ff. 6v-288v), adapted for liturgical use, each preceded by a table of capitula
* * *
Evangelist portrait of Mark

f. 90v
Evangelist portrait of Mark
Illuminated headpiece and initial

f. 91
Illuminated headpiece and initial

f. 91
Evangelist portrait of John

f. 226v
Evangelist portrait of John

f. 226v

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