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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 8

Title Breviary, Use of Verdun, Winter portion ('The Breviary of Renaud de Bar' or 'The Breviary of Marguerite de Bar')
Origin France, E. (Metz)
Date between 1302 and 1303
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists Attributed to the Master of the Pontifical of Renaud de Bar (on the eponymous manuscript, see L'art au temps des rois Maudits 1998 no. 216).
Decoration 24 small roundels in the calendar, in colours and gold (ff. 1-6v). 12 large historiated initials, accompanied by full foliate borders including heraldic arms and figural, zoomorphic and grotesque decoration, in colours and gold (ff. 7, 17v, 24v, 31, 37v, 45v, 53, 61, 92, 249v, 316, 330). Smaller and small decorated initials and line-fillers, numerous containing heraldic arms and figural or zoomorphic decoration, with foliate extensions into the margins, in colours and gold. Some initials and bas-de-page scenes have been excised (ff. 245, 265, 274, 275, 276v, 330).
Dimensions in mm 290 x 205 (195 x 140) in two columns
Official foliation ff. v + 360 (+ 3 modern parchment flyleaves at the beginning, and 2 at the end)
Collation i6 (ff. 1-6), ii10 (ff. 7-16), iii8 (ff. 17-24), iv10 (ff. 25-34), v-viii8 (ff. 35-66), ix6 (ff. 67-72), x-xi8 (ff. 73-88), xii4-1 (4th leaf excised after f. 91, probably blank; ff. 89-91); xiii-xiv8 (ff. 92-107), xv8 (the 1st and 8th leaves are singletons; ff. 108-115), xvi8-1 (8th leaf excised after f. 122, probably blank; ff. 116-122), xvii-xxiv8 (ff. 123-186), xxv8-1 (5th leaf excised after f. 190; ff. 187-193), xxvi10-1 (7th leaf excised after f. 199; ff. 194-202), xxvii10 (ff. 203-212, with a split after ff. 212 numbered f. 212*), xxviii8 (ff. 213-220), xxix12 (ff. 221-232), xxx-xxxi8 (ff. 233-248); xxxii8-1 (2nd leaf excised after f. 249; ff. 249-255), xxxiii-xl8 (ff. 256-319), xli10 (ff. 320-330), xlii-xliv8 (ff. 331-354), xlv4 (ff. 355-358), xlvi2 (ff. 359-360).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Burgundy velvet; the former binding described as late 18th or early 19th century, 'paper boards, backed with green morocco; red edges: lettered on the back Psalterium' (James 1898).
Provenance Made for Renaud de Bar (d. 1316) between 1302 and 1303: throughout his arms, those of his mother, Jeanne de Toucy, and those of the alliances of the family de Bar. The manuscript and its companion summer volume (Verdun, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 107) were probably begun after he became provost of St Mary Magdalen, Verdun, 1302: dedication of the priory in the calendar for the 9 October (f. 5v), and before he was installed as bishop of Metz in 1303: in the first part, his arms not including a bishop's cross; after f. 212v, his arms with the bishop's cross. It has been suggested that his sister, the abbess of the Benedictine abbey of St Maur, Verdun (d. 1304), perhaps commissioned the manuscript for him, and may be represented with Reynaud in the bas-de-page scene on f. 31. However, it may be more likely that the manuscript was commissioned for Reynaud by his mother, and the second volume in Verdun was left unfinished perhaps because a manuscript of the Use of Verdun was of comparitively little use to him after 1303.
Added prayers by contemporary hands (ff. 358v-359, 360v).
? Émile Deyrolle: later inscription 'vente de Deyrolle libraire' (1st flyleaf [f. ii]).
Théophile Belin, Paris bookseller, November 1895: described in his Bréviaire de l'église de Verdun [Paris: [n. pub.], 1895]; bought by Yates Thompson.
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: with his book-plate inscribed '[MS] 31 / nte.e.e [i.e. £570.0.0] / [bought from] Belin / Jan 29th. / 1896.'; his sale, 3 June 1919, lot 4, bought by Claude Anet (for Bevan) for £3,100.
Henry Yates Thompson, re-acquired.
Bequeathed to the British Museum by Mrs Henry Yates Thompson, in 1941.
Notes Musical notation.
For a large number of images of the other part of the manuscript, consisting of 212 folios: Verdun, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 107, see [http:www.enluminures.culture.fr/documentation/enlumine/fr/BM/verdun_014-01.htm] [last accessed 16 June, 2006].
Select bibliography Montague Rhodes James, A Descriptive Catalogue of Fifty Manuscripts from the Collection of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1898), no. 31 pp. 142-78.

Victor Leroquais, Les bréviaires manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France, 6 vols (Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1934), IV, pp. 302-03.

F. Wormald, 'The Yates Thompson Manuscripts', The British Museum Quarterly 16 (1952), 4-6 (p. 5).

[Derek Howard Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series V: Fifty Plates (London: British Museum, 1965), no. XVII p. 13, pl. XVII.

Lilian M. C. Randall, Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1966), p. 38.

[Derek Howard Turner], Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), p. 52.

M. Alison Stones, 'Sacred and Profane Art: Secular and Liturgical Book-Illumination in the Thirteenth Century', in The Epic in Medieval Society: Aesthetic and Moral Values, ed. by Harald Scholler (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1977), 100-12 (p. 111 n. 34).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 950 pp. 162-63, II, pl. 164.

Patrick M. de Winter, 'Une réalisation exceptionnelle d'enlumineurs français et anglais vers 1300: le bréviaire de Renaud de Bar, évêque de Metz', in La Lorraine: études archéologiques (Actes du 103e congrès national des Sociétés savantes (Nancy-Metz, 1978), Section d'archaeologie et d'histoire de l'art) (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1980), pp. 27-62 (pp. 34, 36, 37, 38, 49 n. 27, figs. 9, 10, 13).

Brunsdon Yapp, Birds in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British LIbrary, 1981), p. 140.

Francis Wormald and Phyllis M. Giles, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Additional Illuminated Manuscripts in the Fitzwilliam Museum Acquired Between 1895 and 1979 (Excluding the McClean Collection) (Cambridge: University Press, 1982), p. 277.

Judith H. Oliver, Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liège (c. 1250 - c. 1330), Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts from the Low Countries, 2 vols (Leuven: Peeters, 1988), II, 181-84, 200.

Francis Wormald, Collected Writings, ed. by J. J. G. Alexander, T. J. Brown, and Joan Gibbs, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1984-1988), II: Studies in English and Continental Art of the Later Middle Ages, p. 17.

Lilian M. C. Randall and others, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), I: France, 875-1420, pp. 151, 152.

Hélène Toubert, 'Les enluminures du manuscrit fr. 12400', in Federico II: De arte venandi cum avibus: l'art de la chace des oisiaus, Facsimile edizione critica del manoscritto fr. 12400 della Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Naples: Electa, 1995), 387-416 (pp. 403, fig. 17).

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 84.

L'art au temps des rois maudits: Philippe le Bel et ses fils (1285-1328) (Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1998), no. 215 pp. 315-18.

Lucy Freeman Sandler, 'Pictorial and Verbal Play in the Margins: The Case of British Library, Stowe MS 49', in Illuminating the Book: Makers and Interpreters, ed. by Michelle P. Brown and Scot McKendrick (London: British Library, 1998), pp. 52-68 (fig. 21).

John Higgitt, The Murthly Hours: Devotion, Literacy and Luxury in Paris, England and the Gaelic West (London: British Library, 2000), p. 86.

Nicolas Bell, Music in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2001), p. 6.

Alixe Bovey, Monsters and Grotesques in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2002), p. 5, pl. 1.

Justin Clegg, The Medieval Church in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 42-43, pl. 35.

Debra Higgs Strickland, Saracens, Demons, Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art (Princeton: University Press, 2003), p. 152, fig. 72.

The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 138.

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 9.

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 37.


Images
* * *
 
April

f. 2v
April
May

f. 3
May
July

f. 4
July
 
September

f. 5
September
November

f. 6
November
December

f. 6v
December
 
Psalm 1

f. 7
Psalm 1
Saul and David

f. 7
Saul and David
Bas-de-page

f. 7
Bas-de-page
 
Border

f. 7
Border
David

f. 7
David
Musicians

f. 7
Musicians
 
David and Saul

f. 17v
David and Saul
David

f. 24v
David
Fool

f. 31
Fool
 
David

f. 37v
David
David

f. 37v
David
King David playing a carillon of bells

f. 45v
King David playing a carillon of bells
 
David

f. 45v
David
Detail: Border

f. 45v
Detail: Border
Detail: Decorated initial

f. 45v
Detail: Decorated initial
 
Detail: Border

f. 45v
Detail: Border
David

f. 45v
David
David

f. 45v
David
 
Monks

f. 53
Monks
Trinity

f. 61
Trinity
Initials

f. 69
Initials
 
Games

f. 92
Games
Bishop

f. 96
Bishop
Illuminated initials

f. 101v
Illuminated initials
 
Historiated initial

f. 167v
Historiated initial
Initials

f. 171
Initials
Border

f. 177v
Border
 
Initials

f. 179
Initials
Illuminated and historiated initials

f. 198v
Illuminated and historiated initials
Joseph

f. 207
Joseph
 
Bishop

f. 209
Bishop
Man and lion

f. 221
Man and lion
Illuminated and historiated initials

f. 224
Illuminated and historiated initials
 
Entry into Jerusalem

f. 232v
Entry into Jerusalem
Illuminated and historiated initials

f. 238
Illuminated and historiated initials
Illuminated and historiated initials

f. 239
Illuminated and historiated initials
 
John the Baptist and Andrew

f. 249v
John the Baptist and Andrew
John the Baptist and Andrew

f. 249v
John the Baptist and Andrew
Border

f. 249v
Border
 
Historiated initial

f. 249v
Historiated initial
Christ calling the Apostles

f. 249v
Christ calling the Apostles
Sciopod

f. 250v
Sciopod
 
Doubting Thomas

f. 267v
Doubting Thomas
Illuminated and historiated initials

f. 267v
Illuminated and historiated initials
Illuminated and historiated initials

f. 269
Illuminated and historiated initials
 
Illuminated and historiated initials

f. 269
Illuminated and historiated initials
Historiated initial and bas-de-page

f. 269
Historiated initial and bas-de-page
Man and monkey

f. 297v
Man and monkey
 
Man with pipe and drum

f. 345v
Man with pipe and drum

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