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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 31

Author Matfré Ermengau of Béziers
Title Breviari d'Amor (Catalan prose version)
Origin Spain, E. (Catalonia, Girona?)
Date last quarter of the 14th century
Language Spanish (Catalan), with some Hebrew (ff. 131-134)
Script Gothic
Artists Attributed to the atelier of the Catalan Master of St Mark
Decoration 1 small miniature, accompanied by a large decorated initial and a full foliate border, in colours and gold (f. 2). 14 full-page miniatures, in colours and gold (ff. 8, 40, 40v, 43, 45, 48v, 49v, 55v, 66, 67v, 70v, 72, 77, 135). Numerous small one-column miniatures, in colours and gold (ff. 13v, 17, 35, 39v (x4), 46, 46v (x3), 47 (x3), 47v (x2), 48 (x3), 51v (x2), 52, 53, 53v, 54, 54v, 55 [in the margin], 56v, 63, 64, 73 (x2), 73v (x3), 74 (x3), 74v (x2), 75 (x2), 87, 88 (x2), 88v, 89, 99v, 100, 110v (x8), 125, 125v, 126, 127v, 128 (x2), 128v, 131 (x3), 131v (x2), 132 (x3), 132v (x3), 133 (x4), 133v (x3), 134 (x3), 134v, 142v (x2), 167v, 168v, 169, 169v, 170 (x2), 170v (x3), 171 (x3), 171v (x2), 174v (x3), 199v, 215v, 216, 216v, 220 (x2), 220v (x2), 221, 221v (x2), 222, 222v (x2), 223, 223v (x2), 224, 224v, 225 (x3), 225v (x5), 226 (x3), 226v (x4), 227, 227v, 228v, 229 (x2), 230 (x2), 231, 232 (x2), 233v (x2), 234, 234v, 235, 236 (x2), 236v (x2), 237, 238 (x2), 238v (x2), 239 (x3), 240, 240v (x3), 250 (x4), 251 (x2), 252, 252v (x2), 253, 254, 255). 2 diagrams, in colours (ff. 65, 70). Large decorated initials with foliate extensions into the margins, in colours and gold.
Dimensions in mm 365 x 250 (225 x 160) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 260 (+ 1 parchment flyleaf at the beginning, and 1 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Pink silk embroidered with silver thread, 1st half of the 18th century, for J. de Valbelle, Bishop of St Omer.
Provenance Joseph Alphonse de Valbelle, bishop of St Omer (1727-1754): appliqué embroidery on binding with letters 'JAVM'; bequeathed to his seminary whose possessions were dispersed at the Revolution (see Yates Thompson Catalogue 1912 p. 1).
M. Paul Arbaud of Aix-en-Provence: anonymous pamphlet descriptive of the book, Gratia Dei: de la gracia de nostra gloriosa virgine Madona Santa Maria etc. Etude critique archéologique et linguistique d'un MS. appartenant aux collections de M. Paul Arbaud (Marseilles, 1899).
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: with his book-plate inscribed '[MS] xcv / blos.e.e [i.e. £1986.0.0] / [bought from] Gougy / May 12 / 1906' (inside upper cover).
Bequeathed to the British Museum in 1941 by Mrs Henry Yates Thompson.
Notes The text is originally a Provencal poem composed between 1288 and 1292 by Matfré Ermengau of Béziers, and is an encyclopaedic compilation that explains how the world is an emanation of love.
This manuscript is one of five known copies in Catalan.
Select bibliography A Descriptive Catalogue of Fourteen Illuminated Manuscripts (Nos. XCV to CVII and 79A) Completing the Hundred in the Library of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: University Press, 1912), no. XCV pp. 1-22.

Millard Meiss, 'Italian style in Catalonia and a 14th Century Catalan Workshop', Journal of the Walters Art Gallery, 4 (1941), 45-87 (p. 78, fig. 35).

Francis Wormald, 'Afterthoughts on the Stockholm Exhibition', Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, 22 (1953), 75-84 (p. 81, fig. 4).

Pedro Bohigas, La Ilustración y la Decoratión del Libro Manuscrito en Cataluña: Período Gótico y Renacimiento, 2 vols (Barcelona: Asociación de Bibliófilos de Barcelona, 1965-1967), I, 82 n. 44, 150-55, 192-98, figs 73, 99, 100, 102, 103.

[D. H. Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 5 (London: British Museum, 1965), no. 29.

[Derek Howard Turner], Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), pp. 53-54.

Katja Laske-Fix, Der Bildzyklus des Breviari d'amor (Munich and Zurich: Verlag Schnell & Steiner, 1973), p. 132.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, 168 [rejected].

François Avril and others, Manuscrits enluminés de la péninsula ibérique (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1982), p. 101.

Francis Wormald, Collected Writings, ed. by J. J. G. Alexander, T. J. Brown, and Joan Gibbs, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1984-1988), II: Studies in English and Continental Art of the Later Middle Ages, p. 149, pl. 135.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 112 p. 134.

The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come, ed. by Frances Carey (London: British Museum, 1999), pp. 89-90, no. 19 [exhibition catalogue].

Carlos Miranda Garcia-Tejedor, 'Los manuscritos con pinturas del Breviari d'Amor d Matfre Ermengaud de Beziers. Un estado de la cuestion' in La miniatura medieval en la Península Ibérica, ed. by Joaquín Yarza Luaces (Murcia: Nausícäa, 2007), pp. 313-73 (p. 323, n. 16).

Peter T. Ricketts, Connaissance de la littérature occitane: Matfre Ermengaud (1246-1322) et le Breviari d'amor, (Perpignan, Presses Universitaires de Perpignan, 2012), p. 78.

Jeffrey F. Hamburger and Nigel F. Palmer, The Prayer Book of Ursula Begerin, 2 vols (Dietikon-Zurich: Urs Graf Verlag, 2015), I, pp. 148, 219.


Images
* * *
 
Matfré Ermengau of Béziers

f. 2
Matfré Ermengau of Béziers
Matfré Ermengau of Béziers

f. 2
Matfré Ermengau of Béziers
Matfré Ermengau of Béziers

f. 2
Matfré Ermengau of Béziers
 
Stag and Lion

f. 2
Stag and Lion
Text page

f. 7
Text page
Text page

f. 7
Text page
 
Tree of Love

f. 8
Tree of Love
An angel chastizing zealots

f. 13v
An angel chastizing zealots
The Holy Trinity

f. 17
The Holy Trinity
 
God instilling his divine nature

f. 35
God instilling his divine nature
Offices of the Angels

f. 39v
Offices of the Angels
Offices of angels

f. 40
Offices of angels
 
The Nine Choirs of Angels surround Jesus, God the Father, and Mary

f. 40v
The Nine Choirs of Angels surround Jesus, God the Father, and Mary
Deeds of Devils

f. 43
Deeds of Devils
Cosmological diagram

f. 45
Cosmological diagram
 
Aries

f. 46
Aries
Taurus, Gemini, and Cancer

f. 46v
Taurus, Gemini, and Cancer
Leo, Virgo, and Libra

f. 47
Leo, Virgo, and Libra
 
Scorpio and Sagittarius

f. 47v
Scorpio and Sagittarius
Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces

f. 48
Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces
Diagram of the Zodiac

f. 48v
Diagram of the Zodiac
 
Diagram of the Zodiac

f. 48v
Diagram of the Zodiac
Diagram of the Zodiac

f. 48v
Diagram of the Zodiac
Diagram of the Zodiac

f. 48v
Diagram of the Zodiac
 
Diagram of the Zodiac

f. 48v
Diagram of the Zodiac
Diagram of the Zodiac

f. 48v
Diagram of the Zodiac
Diagram of the Zodiac

f. 48v
Diagram of the Zodiac
 
Illuminated initial

f. 49
Illuminated initial
Astrological sphere

f. 49v
Astrological sphere
Astrological sphere

f. 49v
Astrological sphere
 
Saturn and Jupiter

f. 51v
Saturn and Jupiter
Saturn and Jupiter

f. 51v
Saturn and Jupiter
Solar eclipse

f. 53
Solar eclipse
 
Venus

f. 53v
Venus
Diagram of the phases of the Moon

f. 55v
Diagram of the phases of the Moon
Diagram of the phases of the Moon

f. 55v
Diagram of the phases of the Moon
 
Maiden with a wreath

f. 56v
Maiden with a wreath
Properties of earth and water

f. 63
Properties of earth and water
Diagram of the dimensions of the Earth

f. 64
Diagram of the dimensions of the Earth
 
Diagram of precious stones

f. 65
Diagram of precious stones
Illuminated initial

f. 65v
Illuminated initial
Cosmological diagram of the spheres

f. 66
Cosmological diagram of the spheres
 
Illuminated initial

f. 66v
Illuminated initial
Diagram of the planets

f. 70v
Diagram of the planets
Diagram of the seasons

f. 72
Diagram of the seasons
 
January and February

f. 73
January and February
March, April, and May

f. 73v
March, April, and May
June, July, and August

f. 74
June, July, and August
 
September and October

f. 74v
September and October
November and December

f. 75
November and December
Six Ages of the World

f. 77
Six Ages of the World
 
Six Ages of the World

f. 77
Six Ages of the World
Creation of Eve

f. 87
Creation of Eve
Text page

f. 87v
Text page
 
Fall of Man

f. 88
Fall of Man
Fall of Man

f. 88v
Fall of Man
Expulsion from Eden

f. 89
Expulsion from Eden
 
Ten Commandments and the Profession of Faith

f. 99v
Ten Commandments and the Profession of Faith
Israelites worshipping the Golden Calf

f. 100
Israelites worshipping the Golden Calf
Works of Mercy

f. 110v
Works of Mercy
 
Works of Mercy

f. 110v
Works of Mercy
Works of Mercy

f. 110v
Works of Mercy
Burying the Dead

f. 110v
Burying the Dead
 
Harbouring the homeless

f. 110v
Harbouring the homeless
Angels carrying the soul of a virtuous man to Heaven

f. 110v
Angels carrying the soul of a virtuous man to Heaven
Feeding the hungry and giving drink to the thirsty

f. 110v
Feeding the hungry and giving drink to the thirsty
 
Virgin and Child

f. 125
Virgin and Child
Virgin and Child

f. 125
Virgin and Child
The Virgin and the Serpent

f. 125v
The Virgin and the Serpent
 
Moses and the Burning Bush

f. 126
Moses and the Burning Bush
Flowering of Aaron's staff

f. 127v
Flowering of Aaron's staff
Prophesies of Ezekiel and Isaiah

f. 128
Prophesies of Ezekiel and Isaiah
 
Prophecy of Isaiah

f. 128v
Prophecy of Isaiah
Blindness of the Jews; Peter; Paul

f. 131
Blindness of the Jews; Peter; Paul
Blindness of the Jews; Gregory

f. 131v
Blindness of the Jews; Gregory
 
Blindness of the Jews; Jeremiah

f. 132
Blindness of the Jews; Jeremiah
Blindness of the Jews; Bernard; John

f. 132v
Blindness of the Jews; Bernard; John
Blindness of the Jews; Augustine, Ambrose

f. 133
Blindness of the Jews; Augustine, Ambrose
 
Blindness of the Jews; Jacob

f. 133v
Blindness of the Jews; Jacob
Blindness of the Jews; Daniel; Malachai

f. 134
Blindness of the Jews; Daniel; Malachai
Blindness of the Jews

f. 134v
Blindness of the Jews
 
Dormition and Coronation of the Virgin

f. 142v
Dormition and Coronation of the Virgin
A priest absolving a penitent sinner

f. 167v
A priest absolving a penitent sinner
The Flagellation of Christ

f. 168v
The Flagellation of Christ
 
A dying man sees two devils

f. 169v
A dying man sees two devils
Weighing of Souls and one of the Torments of Hell

f. 170
Weighing of Souls and one of the Torments of Hell
The Torments of Hell

f. 170v
The Torments of Hell
 
The Torments of Hell

f. 171
The Torments of Hell
The Torments of Hell

f. 171v
The Torments of Hell
Illuminated initial

f. 172
Illuminated initial
 
Text page

f. 172v
Text page
The Last Judgement

f. 174v
The Last Judgement
Christ preaching to his disciples

f. 199v
Christ preaching to his disciples
 
The Angel Gabriel and Zacharias

f. 215v
The Angel Gabriel and Zacharias
The Annunciation

f. 216
The Annunciation
The Visitation

f. 216v
The Visitation
 
The Nativity and the Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 220
The Nativity and the Annunciation to the Shepherds
The Circumcision of Christ and the Three Magi

f. 220v
The Circumcision of Christ and the Three Magi
The Adoration of the Magi

f. 221
The Adoration of the Magi
 
Presentation in the Temple and the Flight into Egypt

f. 221v
Presentation in the Temple and the Flight into Egypt
Presentation

f. 221v
Presentation
Flight into Egypt

f. 221v
Flight into Egypt
 
Massacre of the Innocents

f. 222
Massacre of the Innocents
Christ among the Doctors

f. 222v
Christ among the Doctors
John the Baptist prophesies the coming of Christ

f. 223
John the Baptist prophesies the coming of Christ
 
Agnus Dei and the Baptism of Christ

f. 223v
Agnus Dei and the Baptism of Christ
The Temptation of Christ

f. 224
The Temptation of Christ
Andrew and Peter

f. 224v
Andrew and Peter
 
Miracles of Christ

f. 225
Miracles of Christ
Miracles of Christ

f. 225v
Miracles of Christ
Miracles of Christ

f. 226
Miracles of Christ
 
Miracles of Christ

f. 226v
Miracles of Christ
Miracles of Christ

f. 227
Miracles of Christ
Christ's Mission to the Apostles

f. 227v
Christ's Mission to the Apostles
 
Illuminated initial

f. 228
Illuminated initial
Salome receiving the head of John the Baptist

f. 228v
Salome receiving the head of John the Baptist
Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes; Christ gives the keys to Peter

f. 229
Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes; Christ gives the keys to Peter
 
Illuminated initials

f. 229v
Illuminated initials
The Transfiguration; Christ healing a possessed boy

f. 230
The Transfiguration; Christ healing a possessed boy
Illuminated initials

f. 230v
Illuminated initials
 
The Raising of Lazarus

f. 231
The Raising of Lazarus
Illuminated initial

f. 231v
Illuminated initial
Entry into Jerusalem; Expulsion of the moneylenders

f. 232
Entry into Jerusalem; Expulsion of the moneylenders
 
Illuminated initial

f. 232v
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initials

f. 233
Illuminated initials
Washing of the Feet; Judas and the Thirty Pieces of Silver

f. 233v
Washing of the Feet; Judas and the Thirty Pieces of Silver
 
The Last Supper

f. 234
The Last Supper
Agony in the Garden

f. 234v
Agony in the Garden
Betrayal and Arrest of Christ

f. 235
Betrayal and Arrest of Christ
 
Text page

f. 235v
Text page
Mocking of Christ and the Denial of Peter

f. 236
Mocking of Christ and the Denial of Peter
Christ before Pilate and the death of Judas

f. 236v
Christ before Pilate and the death of Judas
 
Jesus before Herod

f. 237
Jesus before Herod
Text page

f. 237v
Text page
Pilate washing his hands and the Flagellation of Christ

f. 238
Pilate washing his hands and the Flagellation of Christ
 
The Crown of Thorns and the bearing of the Cross

f. 238v
The Crown of Thorns and the bearing of the Cross
Crucified Christ

f. 239
Crucified Christ
Illuminated initial

f. 239v
Illuminated initial
 
The Crucifixion

f. 240
The Crucifixion
The Crucifixion, the Deposition, and the Entombment

f. 240v
The Crucifixion, the Deposition, and the Entombment
The Harrowing of Hell; Purgatory, Limbo, and Hell

f. 250
The Harrowing of Hell; Purgatory, Limbo, and Hell
 
The Three Maries at the Tomb; ~Noli me tangere~

f. 251
The Three Maries at the Tomb; Noli me tangere
Illuminated initial

f. 251v
Illuminated initial
The Supper at Emmaus

f. 252
The Supper at Emmaus
 
Apparition to the Apostles and the Doubting of Thomas

f. 252v
Apparition to the Apostles and the Doubting of Thomas
Christ appearing to the Apostles

f. 253
Christ appearing to the Apostles
Pentecost

f. 255
Pentecost
 
Text page

f. 260
Text page

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