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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 14

ff. 1-173 
Title Psalter, Use of Sarum (the 'St Omer Psalter')
 
ff. 1-173 
Title Psalter, Use of Sarum (the 'St Omer Psalter')
 
Origin England, E. (Mulbarton, Norfolk?)
Date c. 1330-1340
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists The decoration of this manuscript is connected to later developments in the East Anglian school, incorporating Italianate figural style; especially related to the Gorleston Psalter Crucifixion (BL Additional 49622, fol. 7) and the Douai Psalter (Douai, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 313).
Decoration 1 large historiated initial, accompanied by a full historiated foliate border, in colours and gold (f. 7). 5 smaller historiated initials or miniatures including a small initial in the right corner, accompanied by full (historiated) foliate borders, in colours and gold (f. 29v [finished and partly overpainted by the 15th century campaign], f. 44 [finished and partly overpainted by the 15th century campaign], ff. 57v, 70v, 120). Small initials in gold on red and blue grounds (f. 7). Decorated line-fillers, in colours and gold (f. 7).
Dimensions in mm 335 x 225 (215 x 130)
Official foliation ff. ix + 175 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the end: ff. i-ii are bookplates pasted on f. iii recto; f. iii is a modern paper flyleaf at the beginning; f. iv is a modern mounted paper slip; ff. v, vi, viii and ix are modern parchment flyleaves at the beginning; f. vii is a 19th-century mounted paper slip at the beginning; ff. 174-175 are medieval parchment blank leaves).
Collation i6 (ff. 1-6), ii-xiii8 (ff. 7-102), xiv8+1 (1st leaf inserted; ff. 103-111), xv-xix8 (ff. 112-151), xx2 (ff. 152-153), xxi8 (ff. 154-161), xxii6 (ff. 162-167), xxiii8 (ff. 168-175).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Bound in Paris by Derome le Jeune, c. 1780; gilt edges.
Provenance Commissioned by a knight of the St Omer family of Mulbarton, Norfolk, perhaps to be identified with Sir William de St Omer (d. after 1347); but left incomplete: a knight wearing the St Omer arms (azure a fess between six cross-crosslets fitchés or), accompanied by his wife, depicted in the border of the opening page of the Psalter (f. 7r); the St Omer arms erased (f. 54v) and unfinished (f. 78v).
Humphrey [or Humfrey] of Lancaster (b. 1390, d. 1447), duke of Gloucester, prince, soldier, and literary patron: erased inscription, legible in UV light 'Cest livre est a moy Homfrey fiz frere et uncle de roys duc de gloucestre comte de penbroc grant chambellan dangleterre ...' (f. 173r); made duke of Gloucester in 1414, and protector of England on 5 December 1422: probably acquired by him before he was granted a higher title.
Aegidius (or Gilles) Dancel, sous-préfet of Coutances, perhaps to be identified with the professor of rhetorics at the College of Harcourt in the late 17th century (see H. L. Bouquet, L'Ancien collège d'Harcourt et Lycée Saint-Louis (Paris: 1891), p. 322): inscribed 'Egidio Dancel, subprefecto Maiori apud Coustantinatis Carmen in illius Annagramma quod est Diu galliae decus ius', followed by six verses in Latin, incipit: 'Diu Galliae ius decus' (f. v), and an alphabetic index of initial words of the Psalms in the same French hand, 17th century (1st 3 parchment flyleaves [ff. v -vii verso]).
Thomas Thorpe (b. 1791, d. 1857), bookseller: listed in his 1828 catalogue, lot 2902, priced at £25.
John Wilks II (b. c. 1793, d. 1846), M.P. for Sudbury (in 1826): inscribed 'This volume was lot 442 in the sale of John Wilks M.P. for Sudbury, 12 March 1847, and was bought by Rodd for £210' (f. iii verso).
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham; his Appendix Ms. 32 ; bought from Rodd for £210, according to the handwritten annotations in the British Library's copy of Catalogue of the Manuscripts at Ashburnham Place: Appendix (London: Hodgson, 1853).
Bertram Ashburnham, 5th earl of Ashburnham: his sale, May 1897, bought by Yates Thompson together with the entire Ashburnham Appendix: book-plate with an inscribed number 'From the Library of the Earl of Ashburnham Appendix no. 32 May 1897' (f. i pasted on f. iii).
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: his book-plate 'Ex museo Henrici Yates Thompson' with an inscription: '[MS] 58 / [£]lee.e.e [i.e. £900.0.0] / [bought from] The Earl of / Ashburnham / May 1897' (f. ii recto pasted on f. iii recto); given to the British Museum on his 80th birthday, December 1918, in honour of M. R. James, S. C. Cockerell, and G. F. Warner, who had assisted Thompson in the cataloguing of his collection: gold-tooled dedication on red leather (inside upper cover); it became Add. MS 39810 and was re-numbered after the creation of the 'Yates Thompson' shelfmark, following Mrs Yates Thompson's bequest of other manuscripts in 1941.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
This manuscript was formerly Additional 39810.
Select bibliography Henry Yates Thompson, Facsimiles in Photogravure of Six Pages from a Psalter Written & Illuminated about 1325 A.D. for a Member of the St Omer Family in Norfolk (London: Chiswick Press, 1900).

Henry Yates Thompson, A Lecture on Some English Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Chiswick Press, 1902), pls. XXXI-XXXVI.

A Descriptive Catalogue of the Second Series of Fifty Manuscripts (Nos. 51 to 100) in the Collection of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: University Press, 1902), no. 58 pp. 74-82.

Sidney C. Cockerell, The Gorleston Psalter (London: Chiswick Press, 1907), pp. 2-4, pl. XV.

[Sydney Carlyle Cockerell], Exhibition of Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Burlington Fine Arts Club, 1908), no. 68 pp. 32-33, pl. 68.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 229.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-30), IV: English: A. D. 1350 to 1500 (1922), p. 8, pl. 13.

[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 29.

Eric G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts of the XIVth and XVth Centuries (Paris: Van Oest, 1928), pp. 8-9, 25, pls. 19-20.

O. Elfrida Saunders, English Illumination, 2 vols (Florence: Pantheon; Paris Pegasus Press, 1928), I, pp. 94, 100-02, 105-07, 111, II, pls. 113-14.

Otto Pächt, 'A Giottesque Episode in English Illumination', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 6 (1943), 51-70 (pp. 52, 53, 57, pl. 14d).

Joan Evans, English Art 1307-1461 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1949), pp. 40-41, pl. 26b.

F. Wormald, 'The Yates Thompson Manuscripts', The British Museum Quarterly 16 (1952), 4-6 (p. 6).

B. L. Ullman, ‘Manuscripts of duke Humphrey of Gloucester’, in Studies in the Italian Renaissance, Storia e letteratura, 51 (Rome: Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1955), pp. 345-355 (first publ. in English Historical Review , 52 (1937), 670-672), (p. 354 no. 18). [when the manuscript was Add. 39810]

Margaret Rickert, La Miniature Anglaise: Du XIIIe au XVe siècle (Milan: Electa, 1961), pp. 12, 21.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: The Middle Ages, 2nd edn (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 130-32, 134, 181-83, pls. pp. 133, 182(a).

[D. H. Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 5 (London: British Museum, 1965), no. 29.

[Derek Howard Turner], Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London: British Museum, 1967), no. 24 p. 31.

Josiah Q. Bennett, 'Portman Square to New Bond Street, or, How to Make Money though Rich', The Book Collector (1967), 323-39 (pp. 325, 326, 330).

A. N. L. Munby, Connoisseurs and Medieval Miniatures 1750-1850 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972), pp. 124-25.

Richard Marks and Nigel Morgan, The Golden Age of English Manuscript Painting 1200-1500 (London: Chatto & Windus, 1981), pp. 18, 80, pl. 21.

James McKinnon, 'The Late Medieval Psalter: Liturgica or Gift Book?', Musica Disciplina, 38 (1984), 133-58 (p. 137, fig. 4).

Lynda Dennison, 'The Fitzwarin Psalter and its Allies': A Reappraisal', in England in the Fourteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1985 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by W. M. Ormrod (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1986), pp. 42-66 (pp. 50 n. 36, 65).

Michael Camille, Image on the Edge: The Margins of Medieval Art (London: Reaktion, 1992), pl. 66.

Justin Clegg, The Medieval Church in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 33 pl. 27.

C. M. Kauffmann, Biblical Imagery in Medieval England 700-1500 (London: Harvey Miller, 2003), pp. 212, 215, 230, pl. 158.

F. O. Büttner, ‘Der illuminierte Psalter im Westen’, in The Illuminated Psalter: Studies in the Content, Purpose and Placement of its Images, ed. by F. O. Büttner, (Belgium: Brepols, 2004), pp. 1-106 (p. 18 n. 48).

Lucy Freeman Sandler, The Lichtenthal Psalter and the Manuscript Patronage of the Bohun Family (London: Harvey Miller, 2004), p. 157 n. 54.

Stella Panayotova, The Macclesfield Psalter: ...A Window into the World of Late Medieval England (Cambridge: Fitzwilliam Museum 2005), p. 14.

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 240.

M. A. Michael, ‘Seeing-in: The Macclesfield Psalter’, in The Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers, ed. by Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2007), pp. 115-28 (p. 116 n. 12).

Scot McKendrick, John Lowden, and Kathleen Doyle, Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 33.
Last revised: 19 December 2012


Images

ff. 1-173
Psalter, Use of Sarum (the 'St Omer Psalter')
* * *
 
Book-plates


Book-plates
January

f. 1
January
May

f. 3
May
 
July

f. 4
July
September

f. 5
September
November

f. 6
November
 
Tree of Jesse

f. 7
Tree of Jesse
Scenes from Genesis

f. 7
Scenes from Genesis
Tree of Jesse

f. 7
Tree of Jesse
 
Illuminated initials

f. 8
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 9
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 10
Illuminated initials
 
Illuminated initials

f. 11
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 12
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 13
Illuminated initials
 
Illuminated initials

ff. 16v-17
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 18
Illuminated initials
David

f. 29v
David
 
Illuminated initials

f. 30
Illuminated initials
David

f. 57v
David
David

f. 57v
David
 
Jonah

f. 70v
Jonah
Jonah

f. 70v
Jonah


f. 87v
 
Last Judgement

f. 120
Last Judgement
Last Judgement

f. 120
Last Judgement

ff. 1-173
Psalter, Use of Sarum (the 'St Omer Psalter')
* * *
 


f. 29
Clerics

f. 103
Clerics


f. 120v
 


f. 126v


f. 140


f. 154
 


f. 160


f. 161v


f. 162v
 

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