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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 12

Author William of Tyre
Title Histoire d'Outremer, continued to 1232
Origin France, N. (Picardy?)
Date between 1232 and 1261
Language French
Script Gothic, written below top line
Decoration 25 historiated initials, with zoomorphic extensions into the margins, in colours (and gold), at the beginning of each book (ff. 9, 13v, 18v, 23v, 29, 34v, 40v, 46, 51v, 58v, 67v, 75, 82v, 90, 99v, 109v, 120, 132, 143, 152v, 161, 173v, 188v, 193, 204); another initial torn out from f. 1. Small initials in red with blue (and red) pen-flourishing or in blue with red (and blue) pen-flourishing. Added drawing of a man's head (f. 211v).
Dimensions in mm 340 x 245 (250 x 180) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 211 (+ 1 medieval flyleaf at the beginning)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. 15th-century stamped leather over wood boards, with 5 brass bosses on each cover (one missing) and 2 leather straps; with copper stains from the fittings of a former binding on f. 211v.
Provenance The manuscript must have been written after 1232, and probably before c. 1261, when a further continuation was written.
Unidentified 14th- and 15th-century owners: inscribed 'Vilior est humana caro quam pellis ouina / Si moriatur ouis multum' (f. 211v); copied immediately below by another hand.
Lyonet d'Oureille, 15th century: inscribed 'sera(?) de moy lyon(?) est / Lyonet doureille' (1st flyleaf verso), and 'autant pour autant / lyonet doureille' (f. 210v); the same name occurs in a Lancelot du lac (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, n.a. lat. 1119), which, like the present manuscript, was later owned by Firmin-Didot; perhaps bound for him; annotated perhaps by him with several notes concerning the Hospitallers of St John, and '+ de moy patriarche de alexandrie +' and 'sera(?) de moy lyon(?) est' (f. 122).
This is the earlier of the two manuscripts, 'Manuscrit A', used by Paulin Paris in his Guillaume de Tyr et ses continuateurs: inscribed 'Man. A' (1st flyleaf), and with marginal notes, possibly by him (ff. 138v, 173, 182v).
Ambroise Firmin-Didot (b. 1790, d. 1876), publisher and book-collector: his sale catalogue, Paris, 15 June 1881 (Catalogue illustré des livres précieux manuscrits et imprimés faisant partie de la bibliothèque de M. Ambroise Firmin-Didot (Paris, 1881), no. 62, pp. 87-88), bought by Yates Thompson.
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: with his book-plate inscribed '[MS] 42 / £bne [i.e. £150] / [bought from] M. Didot / Paris / June 5th / 1896'; his sale, 3 June 1919, lot 25, bought by Pickering and Chatto for £400.
Pickering and Chatto, London booksellers: in their catalogue, 1923, no. 3531, for £1,200 (two unfoliated pages from this catalogue inserted at the beginning of the manuscript); subsequently bought back by Yates Thompson for £860, as described in a memorandum in his hand dated 23 July 1923.
Bequeathed to the British Museum in 1941 by Mrs Henry Yates Thompson.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Select bibliography Paulin Paris, Guillaume de Tyr et ses continuateurs: texte français du XIIIe siècle, revu et annoté, 2 vols (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1879-80), I, pp. xvi-xvii; II, p. 473.

Montague Rhodes James, A Descriptive Catalogue of Fifty Manuscripts from the Collection of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: University Press, 1898), no. 42, pp. 235-38.

Illustrations from One Hundred Manuscripts in the Library of Henry Yates Thompson, 7 vols (London: Chiswick Press, 1907-18), III: Consisting of Sixty-Nine Plates Illustrating Ten MSS. of Various Countries from the IXth to the XVIth Centuries (1912), p. 13, pls. XLIX-LI.

Jaroslav Folda, 'Manuscripts of the History of Outremer by William of Tyre: A Handlist', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits, 27 (1973), 90-95 (p. 94, no. 38).

Jaroslav Folda, Crusader Manuscript Illumination at Saint-Jean d'Acre, 1275-1291 (Princeton: University Press, 1976), p. 32 n. 33, pls 169, 170.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, 168 [rejected].

Alison Stones, 'Review of F. Avril and M-T. Gousset, in collaboration with C. Rabel, Manuscrits enluminés d'origine italienne, 2: XIIIe siècle, Paris: Biblbiothèque Nationale, 1984', Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies, 61, 4 (1986), 886-90 (p. 889).

Lilian M. C. Randall and others, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), I: France, 875-1420, pp. 126, 133.

Jaroslav Folda, 'Images of Queen Melisande in Manuscripts of William of Tyre's History of Outremer: 1250-1300', Gesta: Internationl Center of Medieval Art, 32, 2 (1993), 97-112 (pp. 102-03, fig. 12).

M. Milwright, 'The Cup of the Saqi: Origin of an Emblem of the Mamluk Khassakiyya', Aram , 9-10 (1997-98), p. 250, fig. 6.

Pamela Porter, Medieval Warfare in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2000), p. 49.

Erin K Donovan, 'A Royal Crusade History: The Livre d’Eracles and Edward IV’s Exile in Burgundy', Electronic British Library Journal (2014), art. 6, n. 51; online at https://www.bl.uk/eblj/2014articles/pdf/ebljarticle62014.pdf.

Philip Handyside, The Old French William of Tyre (Leiden: Brill, 2015), p. 125.


Images
* * *
 
Godfrey of Bouillon

f. 9
Godfrey of Bouillon
Siege of Nicea

f. 13v
Siege of Nicea
Baldwin

f. 18v
Baldwin
 
Siege of Antioch

f. 23v
Siege of Antioch
Battle outside Antioch

f. 29
Battle outside Antioch
Bishop Adhemar

f. 34v
Bishop Adhemar
 
Bishop Adhemar

f. 34v
Bishop Adhemar
Flourished initial

f. 34v
Flourished initial
Bishop Adhemar

f. 34v
Bishop Adhemar
 
Siege of Jerusalem

f. 40v
Siege of Jerusalem
Siege of Jerusalem

f. 40v
Siege of Jerusalem
Godfrey of Bouillon

f. 46
Godfrey of Bouillon
 
Flourished initials

f. 49v
Flourished initials
Flourished initials

f. 49v
Flourished initials
Godfrey and Baldwin

f. 51v
Godfrey and Baldwin
 
Godfrey and Baldwin

f. 51v
Godfrey and Baldwin
Bohemund and Daimbert

f. 58v
Bohemund and Daimbert
Bohemund and Daimbert

f. 58v
Bohemund and Daimbert
 
Ebremars, Archbishop of Caesarea

f. 67v
Ebremars, Archbishop of Caesarea
Assault on Tyre

f. 75
Assault on Tyre
Assault on Tyre

f. 75
Assault on Tyre
 
Coronation of Foulques

f. 82v
Coronation of Foulques
Coronation of Foulques

f. 82v
Coronation of Foulques
Emperor John

f. 90
Emperor John
 
Emperor John

f. 90
Emperor John
Death of Sanguius

f. 99v
Death of Sanguius
Battle

f. 109
Battle
 
Battle

f. 109v
Battle
Battle

f. 109v
Battle
Patriarch of Antioch

f. 120
Patriarch of Antioch
 
Nureddin, Sultan of Damascus

f. 132
Nureddin, Sultan of Damascus
Nureddin, Sultan of Damascus

f. 132
Nureddin, Sultan of Damascus
Flourished initials

f. 142
Flourished initials
 
Flourished initials

f. 142
Flourished initials
Amaury and Mary

f. 143
Amaury and Mary
Baldwin IV

f. 152v
Baldwin IV
 
Baldwin IV

f. 152v
Baldwin IV
Saladin ravaging the Holy Land

f. 161
Saladin ravaging the Holy Land
Saladin ravaging the Holy Land

f. 161
Saladin ravaging the Holy Land
 
Sultan of Egypt

f. 193
Sultan of Egypt
Archers

f. 204
Archers
Archers

f. 204
Archers
 

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