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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 7

Part 1 ff. 1v-217 
Title Book of Hours, Use of Rome ('The Hours of Dionora of Urbino') (Eleonora Gonzaga della Rovere)
Origin Italy, Central (Florence or Mantua)
Date c. 1480
Language Latin
Script Humanistic
Scribe Matteo Contugi de Volterra (Mattheus Herchulani de Vulterris). According to Cockerell's handwritten annotations in the Manuscript Department's copy of Montague Rhodes James, A Descriptive Catalogue of Fifty Manuscripts from the Collection of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: University Press, 1898), no. 25 pp. 119-23, seven manuscripts in the Vatican (Codices Urb. 10, 324, 336, 365, 392, 427, 548) are by the same scribe.
Artists According to Alexander 1985 some of the borders are Florentine and related in style to works by Monte and Gherardo del Fora.
Decoration 24 large and smaller historiated initials, accompanied by partial borders, the first one by a full border, with white vine ornament, foliate decoration, and all'antica elements, including putti, gemstones and candelabrae, in colours and gold, for major text divisions (ff. 14, 45v, 48v, 51v, 56v, 64, 68, 86, 93v, 96, 99, 101v [decorated], 109v, 113, 131, 138v, 141v [decorated], 144v, 147v, 150v, 165, 169, 174, 205). Large decorated initials, accompanied by full foliate borders, in colours and gold, for Lauds, Prime and Terce in the Hours of the Virgin (ff. 31v, 39v, 42v). Numerous smaller initials mostly in gold on coloured grounds, some decorated, 5 with the symbols of the Passion of Christ (ff. 170v, 171, 172, 172v, 173), accompanied by partial foliate borders, in colours and gold. Small initials in gold on red or blue grounds.
Dimensions in mm 207 x 140 (130 x 83)
 
Part 2 ff. 1v-217 
Title Book of Hours, Use of Rome ('The Hours of Dionora of Urbino') (Eleonora Gonzaga della Rovere)
Origin Italy, N. (Ferrara or Rome)
Date c. 1510-1515 (between 1509 and 1538)
Language Latin
Artists Attributed to Matteo da Milano (ff. 14 [with borders of this double-leaf ff. 14/23], 45v, 56v, 64, 68, 86, 93v, 96, 138v, 147v, 150v, 174, 205).
According to Alexander 1992 (followed by Lollini 1992) some borders and initials are in Matteo's style but by a weaker hand (e.g. ff. 51v, 109v). There are no more historiated initials in this style, and the few borders in the same style can be found only on the double-leaves ff. 46/51 and 104/109; as the parchment and the script are also different, the two double-leaves are later replacements, probably of the 18th century, imitating the style of Matteo da Milano (see also Bennett 1967 on the Yates Thompson sale in 1920 who says that the manuscript was returned because some of the pages were judged as 'modern fakes' not mentioned in the sale catalogue).
There is another double-leaf, ff. 64/71, which was replaced. As the style of the historiated initial is without any doubt by Matteo da Milano the double-leaf must have been replaced by his campaign. Perhaps the parchment was damaged when they tried to erase the border decoration of the first campaign; maybe, the two other later replaced double-leaves were lost at the same moment, but forgotten to be replaced.
According to Lollini 1992 some of the historiated initials are by another hand close to Boccaccino (e.g. ff. 105v [sic, David = 150v], 165). However, the initial with David seems to be by Matteo da Milano himself. There are some historiated initials by a hand related to Matteo da Milano (ff. 48v, 99, 113, 131, 144v, 150v, 165, 169).
Decoration 24 large and smaller historiated initials, accompanied by partial borders, the first one by a full border, with white vine ornament, foliate decoration, and all'antica elements, including putti, gemstones and candelabrae, in colours and gold, for major text divisions (ff. 14, 45v, 48v, 51v, 56v, 64, 68, 86, 93v, 96, 99, 101v [decorated], 109v, 113, 131, 138v, 141v [decorated], 144v, 147v, 150v, 165, 169, 174, 205). Large decorated initials, accompanied by full foliate borders, in colours and gold, for Lauds, Prime and Terce in the Hours of the Virgin (ff. 31v, 39v, 42v). Numerous smaller initials mostly in gold on coloured grounds, some decorated, 5 with the symbols of the Passion of Christ (ff. 170v, 171, 172, 172v, 173), accompanied by partial foliate borders, in colours and gold. Small initials in gold on red or blue grounds. Originally with three-sided borders with white vine ornament, foliate decoration, and all'antica elements, including putti, etc. for major text divisions, erased in the second campaign (ff. 56v, 93v, 99, 101v, 131, 138v, 141v, 144v, 147v, 150v, 169, 174, 205). Some of the partial unfinished borders might be painted in the first campaign, and erased and partly painted at the bottom and top in the second campaign (ff. 58, 58v, 59v, 67v, 143, 146, 149).
Dimensions in mm 207 x 140 (130 x 83)
 
Part 3 ff. 46, 51v, 104, 109v 
Title Replacements of 2 missing double-leaves
Origin England?
Date between c. 1700 and 1794
Language Latin
Script Humanistic
Decoration 2 smaller historiated initials, accompanied by partial borders, with foliate decoration, and all'antica elements, in colours and gold, for major text divisions (ff. 51v, 109v). Smaller initials in gold on coloured grounds, accompanied by partial foliate borders, in colours and gold. Small initials in gold on red or blue grounds.
Dimensions in mm 207 x 140 (130 x 83)
 
Official foliation ff. 219 (+ 2 parchment flyleaves at the beginning, and 2 at the end)
Collation i14 (ff. 1-13*), ii-vi10 (ff. 14-63), vii8 (ff. 64-71), viii-xxi10 (ff. 72-211), xxii8 (ff. 212-219).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red velvet; gilt edges.
Provenance Signed by the scribe Matteo Contughi de Volterra: inscribed 'Manu Matthei Domini Herchulani de Vulterris' (f. 217).
Some prayers changed from masculine to feminine form (see ff. 210, 212).
Completed for Eleanor (Dionora) Gonzaga della Rovere, wife of Francesco Maria I della Rovere, Duke of Urbino (b. 1490, d. 1538; married 1509): inscribed 'Diva Dio(nora) Duci(ssa) Ur(bini)', with arms of Della Rova impaling Gonzaga (f. 14); further inscriptions (ff. 42v, 68, 86, 138v, 165); the Gonzaga arms (ff. 45v, 96, 141v, 205).
Andrew Fountaine (b. 1770, d. 1835) of Norford Hall, Norfolk: inscribed 'There are 216 written leaves in this Missal. A. Fountaine 1794' (f. 219).
Inscribed in red ink 'No. 5' (f. 1v) probably related to Fountaine collection, long bibliographical note in pencil signed 'A.F.' (f. 1* verso); another by the bookseller James Edwards, dated Norford, 14 September 1799 (f. 2*r-v).
Andrew Fountaine (b. 1808, d. 1874) (see Waagen 1854).
Sale of Fountaine collection from Norford Hall, at Christie's, 6 July 1894, lot 139, bought by Henry Yates Thompson.
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: with his book-plate inscribed '[MS] 25 / £ane.e.e [i.e. £450.0.0] / [bought from] Christies / (Stuart sale) (sic) / July 6th / 1894' (inside upper cover); in his sale, 23 March 1920, lot 64 [note in dept. cat. says the manuscript was sold to Quaritch for £2700]; according to Bennett 1967 this manuscript had been bought by Dring of Quaritch's for Chester Beatty, and was returned shortly with 'a stinging note describing some of the pages as 'modern fakes', not mentioned in the sale catalogue'.
Bequeathed to the British Museum in 1941 by Mrs Henry Yates Thompson.
Notes Alexander 1985 notes that Matteo Contugi of Volterra wrote several manuscripts for Federico da Montefeltro (d. 1482) in arguing that the present manuscript was written c. 1480; see also de la Mare 1985, who dates the script to before 1456.
Select bibliography Gustav Friedrich Waagen, Treasures of Art in Great Britain, 3 vols (London: Murray, 1854), III, 431-32.

Montague Rhodes James, A Descriptive Catalogue of Fifty Manuscripts from the Collection of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: University Press, 1898), no. 25 pp. 119-23.

Seymour de Ricci, Les Manuscrits de la Collection Henry Yates Thompson, Extrait du Bulletin de la Socie´te´ Franc¸aise de Reproductions de Manuscrits a` Peintures (Paris: [n. pub.], 1926), no. 25 p. 15.

[Derek Howard Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series V: Fifty Plates (London: British Museum, 1965), no. XLVIII pp. 24-25, pl. XLVIII.

Josiah Q. Bennett, 'Portman Square to New Bond Street, or, How to Make Money though Rich', The Book Collector (1967), 323-39 (p. 331, 333-34).

Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983), p. 128, fig. 16e.

Albinia de la Mare, 'New Research on Humanistic Scribes in Florence', in Miniatura fiorentina del Rinascimento, 1440-1525: un primo censimento, ed. by Annarosa Garzelli, 2 vols, ([Florence]: Giunta regionale toscana, 1985), I, pp. 395-574 (p. 450 n. 224).

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, 'Italian Illuminated Manuscripts in British Collections', in La miniatura Italiana tra Gotico e Rinascimento, 2 vols, ed. by Emanuela Sesti, Storia della Miniatura: Studi e Documenti, 6 (Florence: Olschki, 1985), I, 99-126 (112-13, fig. 10). Reprinted as 'Italian Illuminated Manuscripts from the Fourteen to the Sixteenth Centuries in British Collections' in Alexander, Studies in Italian Manuscript Illumination (London: Pindar Press, 2002), pp. 22-54 (pp. 34, 48).

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, 'Matteo da Milano, Illuminator', Pantheon, 50 (1992), 32-45 (pp. 40-41, figs. 25, 29). Reprinted in Alexander, Studies in Italian Manuscript Illumination (London: Pindar Press, 2002), pp. 281-334 (pp. 294, 319, 323, 326, 331).

Fabrizio Lollini, 'Appunti su Matteo da Milano', Studi umanistici Piceni, 12 (1992), 143-54 (pp. 145, 146, fig. 6).

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 199 p. 223.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1v-217
Book of Hours, Use of Rome ('The Hours of Dionora of Urbino') (Eleonora Gonzaga della Rovere)
* * *
 
Illuminated initials

f. 37v
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initial

f. 58
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initials

f. 58v
Illuminated initials
 
Illuminated initial

f. 59v
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 67v
Illuminated initial
Initial and border

f. 143
Initial and border
 
Illuminated initial

f. 146
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initials

f. 149
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 168v
Illuminated initials
 

Part  2   ff. 1v-217
Book of Hours, Use of Rome ('The Hours of Dionora of Urbino') (Eleonora Gonzaga della Rovere)
* * *
 
February

f. 2v
February
February

f. 3
February
September

f. 9v
September
 
September

f. 9v
September
Annunciation

f. 14
Annunciation
Rubric

f. 14
Rubric
 
Annunciation

f. 14
Annunciation
Border

f. 14
Border
Border

f. 14
Border
 
Initial and border

f. 39v
Initial and border
Initial and border

f. 40
Initial and border
Initial and border

f. 42v
Initial and border
 
Jerome

f. 45v
Jerome
Jerome

f. 45v
Jerome
Paul

f. 48v
Paul
 
Initials and border

f. 57v
Initials and border
Illuminated initial

f. 60
Illuminated initial
Bartholomew

f. 68
Bartholomew
 
Sebastian

f. 93v
Sebastian
A saint

f. 96
A saint
Illuminated initial

f. 101v
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 129v
Illuminated initial
A saint

f. 138v
A saint
David

f. 150v
David
 
David

f. 150v
David
Virgin Mary

f. 169
Virgin Mary
Illuminated initial

f. 169v
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 170
Illuminated initial
Woman with death head

f. 174
Woman with death head
Woman with death head

f. 174
Woman with death head
 
The Host

f. 205
The Host

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