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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 46

Title Book of Hours, Use of Paris
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date c. 1410 - c. 1420
Language Latin and French
Script Gothic
Artists Bedford Master? (ff. 14v, 61v, 84, 156v) and two members of his workshop (ff. 45, 55v, 72v, 79, 141v) (ff. 16v?, 68v, 100v, 150). 1 miniature by the Mazarine Master who was formerly confused with the Boucicaut Master (f. 25). Artist related to the Guise Master recently rebaptized Master of Guy de Laval (ff. 13, 18v, 113v, 117, 122, 127, 133, 137v). Artist perhaps related to one hand in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Douce 144 (ff. 199, 204v).
Decoration 12 calendar roundels, in the top right-hand corner of each page (ff. 1-12). 24 full-page miniatures, accompanied by large decorated initials, in colours and gold (ff. 13, 14v, 16v, 18v, 25, 45, 55v, 61v, 68v, 72v, 79, 84, 100v, 113v, 117, 122, 127, 133, 137v, 141v, 150, 156v, 199, 200); 1 miniature missing after f. 109 for Lauds in the Hours of the Passion. Full borders on every page with pen rinceaux in red, blue and gold, some with painted acanthus, and dragons. Smaller decorated initials, in colours and gold. Small initials and line-fillers in gold on red and blue grounds.
Dimensions in mm 240 x 170 (120 x 70)
Official foliation ff. 229 (+ 1 paper and 2 parchment flyleaves at the beginning, and 1 paper flyleaf at the end)
Collation i12 (ff. 1-12), ii8 (ff. 13-20), iii4 (ff. 21-24), iv-viii8 (ff. 25-64), ix8-1 (8th leaf excised, probably blank; ff. 65-71), x8 (ff. 72-79), xi4 (ff. 80-83), xii-xiv8 (ff. 84-107), xv8-1 (3rd leaf excised after f. 109; ff. 108-114), xvi-xxv8 (ff. 115-194), xxvi4 (ff. 195-198), xxvii6+1 (7th leaf inserted after f. 204; ff. 199-205), xxviii6 (ff. 206-211), xxix8 (ff. 212-219), xxx10 (ff. 220-229).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Gold-tooled brown leather, bound in November 1805 by Chevrier, Poitiers (see inscription, 3rd flyleaf [f. v]); marbled endpapers; gilt edges.
Provenance Unidentified member of the Gayaud family: inscribed 'Le xvie daougst 1565 decedda maitre Guille Gayaud chan de Poictuier mon oncle auquel dun face pardon par sa saincte grace'; 'On moys daougst 1577 decedda maitre Jacques Gayaud a Bourgaunin mon for(?)'; 'On moys de mars 1578 ...(?) decedda mon cousin maitre Martial Gayaud a Paris' (3rd flyleaf [f. v]).
Dame Busserand, married to Martial Gayaud (d. 1578), cousin of the unidentified member fo the Gayaud family (see above); given to Roatin (see below).
Charles Roatin, second husband of Dame Busserand; given to Guyvreau in 1598 (see below).
Yves Guyvreau (d. 1618), canon of Notre-Dame de Poitiers, 1598: inscribed 'Nota que en lan 1598 Maitre Charles Roatin (...) me donna et feit present des presentes heures quil avoit heues de dame Busseran sa femme en secondes nopces qui avoit en premieres nopces espouse feu Maitre Martial Gayauld (...)' (2nd flyleaf verso [f. iv verso]); given to Denesde in 1618.
Jacques Denesde (d. 1622), canon of Notre-Dame de Poitiers: inscribed 'Lan 1618 deceda le susdit maitre Yves Guyvreau qui donna ces presentes heures a Maitre Jacques Desnede (...) lequel deceda lan 1622 le 13 mai (...)' (2nd flyleaf verso [f. iv verso]).
Louise Coustiere, married to a Denesde (see Dictionnaire historique, biographique et généalogique des familles de l'ancien Poitou, dir. Beauchet-Filleau, II, under 'Coustiere, Louise'), gave it to her brother, François Coustiere, canon of Notre-Dame de Poitiers: inscribed '(...) les presentes heures me furent donnees par ma soeur decedee Louise Coustiere (...)' (2nd flyleaf verso [f. iv verso]).
Family Denesde, 17th and 18th century: inscription giving dates and names of several members of the family (2nd flyleaf verso [f. iv verso]: Anthoine Denesde, nephew of François Coustiere; François Denesde, canon of Notre Dame and son of Anthoine Denesde; André Denesde, doctor of medicine of the University of Poitiers, brother of François Denesde; Jacques Denesde, doctor of theology, archdeacon and provost of the cathedral of Poitiers, son of the preceding.
François Paul de Neuville de Villeroy (d. 1731), vicar general of the diocese of Poitiers and archibishop of Lyon, nominated 1 October 1714 (see Hierarchia Catholica medii et recentioris aevi, V: 1667-1730, 1952, p. 249), a relative to Jacques Denesde: mentioned as the owner of the manuscript (2nd flyleaf verso [f. iv verso]).
Charles Sylvain Gaudon, advocate in Chatillon-sur-Indre; acquired the manuscript from his brother, Joseph Gaudon?; given to his son (see below).
Michel Frédéric Alexis Gaudon, advocate, 1 Septemer 1805: inscribed 'Ce livre m'a été donné par maitre Charles Silvain Gaudon pere avocat à Chatillon sur Indre, mon pere, le 1er septembre 1805 (...) je l'ai fait relier par M. Chevrier à Poitiers dans le mois de novembre (...)' (3rd flyleaf [f. v]); given to his son (see below).
Frédéric Gaudon, 15 November 1805 ('24 Brumaire an 14'): inscription saying that he received the manuscript from his father on the condition that it should be kept in the family (3rd flyleaf [f. v]).
Léon Gruel, book-binder and bookdealer, and his father-in-law, the printer Robert Engelmann: their book-plate with the number '563' (inside upper cover [f. i]).
Henry Newnham Davis: his sale, 27 July 1920, lot 508A, withdrawn from the sale.
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: with his book-plate inscribed '£baee.e.e [i.e. £1400.0.0] / [bought from] RGL Barret / Nov 24 1924' (inside upper cover [f. ii]).
Bequeathed to the British Museum in 1941 by Mrs Henry Yates Thompson.
Select bibliography [D. H. Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 5 (London: British Museum, 1965), pl. 32 [with additional bibliography].

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 131.

Gregory T. Clark, Art in a Time of War (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 2016), pp. 48, 261, Ill. 40.


Images
* * *
 
June

f. 6
June
Cancer

f. 6
Cancer
Luke

f. 14v
Luke
 
Luke

f. 14v
Luke
Illuminated initial

f. 14v
Illuminated initial
Annunciation

f. 25
Annunciation
 
Annunciation

f. 25
Annunciation
Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 61v
Annunciation to the Shepherds
Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 61v
Annunciation to the Shepherds
 
Betrayal of Christ

f. 100v
Betrayal of Christ
Betrayal of Christ

f. 100v
Betrayal of Christ
Deposition of Christ

f. 133
Deposition of Christ
 
Deposition of Christ

f. 133
Deposition of Christ
Pentecost

f. 150
Pentecost
Pentecost

f. 150
Pentecost
 
Burial of the dead

f. 156v
Burial of the dead

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