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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 4

Title Book of Hours, Use of Rome ('Hours of Jacques de Brégilles')
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date c. 1460
Language Latin, with some French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Illuminated by three different artists: 2 full-page miniatures attributed to Willem Vrelant (ff. 27, 35, initials and borders in the same style as the miniatures). The other 3 full-page miniatures by an anonymous artist referred to as artist A. The historiated initials by another anonymous artist, perhaps of French origin, refered to as artist B.
Decoration 5 full-page miniatures, accompanied by large decorated initials and full foliate borders with birds, figures and animals, in semi-grisaille, for major text divisions (ff. 27, 35, 42, 105, 127). 26 large historiated initials, accompanied by partial or three-sided foliate borders, in (semi-)grisaille, for minor text divisions (ff. 13, 14v, 16v, 18v, 19v, 55, 68v, 74, 79, 84, 89, 97v, 180, 180v, 181, 182, 182v, 183, 184, 185, 187, 188, 189, 190, 190v, 191v). Large and small initials and line-fillers in gold on red and blue grounds. 2 large decorated initials, in colours and gold, for prayers in French (ff. 195, 197).
Dimensions in mm 194 x 130 (105 x 65)
Official foliation ff. 210 (+ 2 paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Gold-tooled red leather; marbled endpapers; gilt edges.
Provenance Jacques de Brégilles (d. 1475), garde-joyaux to Philip the Good and Charles the Bold (on whom see Antoine de Schryver, 'Jacques de Brégilles, responsable de la librairie des ducs de Bourgogne sous Charles le Téméraire', in Les Chroniques de Hainaut: Texte, Histoire et Illustrations, ed. by Pierre Cockshaw and Christiane Van den Bergen-Pantens (Turnhout: Brepols, 2000), pp. 83-89): with an inscription recording his marriage on 21 September 1442, 'Le iour saint mathieu xxie iour de septembre mil quatre cens quarente deux se maria Jacob de Bregilles et Claire sa femme', and the subsequent births of their children from 1450 to 1461 (f. 194); the death of Jacques de Brégilles is noted as 25 January 1474 (o.s.) (f. 194v).
Added prayer in French in a 16th-century hand (ff. 204-210).
Bidault, bookseller in Dijon, in 1772: listed in his catalogue dated 1772, supplement, p. 33 (the catalogue in the Pierre Berès 5th sale, 3rd part, at Drouot Richeliue, Paris, 13 December 2006, now in the Morgan Library). We thank John Bidwell, Astor Curator of Printed Books and Bindings, The Morgan Library & Museum, for this information.
Thomas Shadford Walker (b. 1834, d. 1885) of Liverpool: his sale, 23 June 1886, lot 208; bought by Quaritch for £205, offered in his catalogues: (1886) no. 35688; (1891) no. 547; (December 1893) no. 72.
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: with his book-plate inscribed '[MS] 13 / £nee. [i.e. £500] / [bought from Bernard] Quaritch / May 8th / 1895' (inside upper cover).
Bequeathed to the British Museum in 1941 by Mrs Henry Yates Thompson.
Select bibliography Montague Rhodes James, A Descriptive Catalogue of Fifty Manuscripts from the Collection of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: University Press, 1898), no.13 pp. 63-67.

Seymour de Ricci, Les Manuscrits de la Collection Henry Yates Thompson, Extrait du Bulletin de la Socie´te´ Franc¸aise de Reproductions de Manuscrits a` Peintures (Paris: [n. pub.], 1926), no. 13 p. 14.

F. Wormald, 'The Yates Thompson Manuscripts', The British Museum Quarterly 16 (1952), 4-6 (p. 6).

[Derek Howard Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series V: Fifty Plates (London: British Museum, 1965), no. XXXIX p. 21, pl. XXXIX.

[Derek Howard Turner], Illuminated Manuscripts exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), p. 54.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), p. 168 [rejected].

Georges Dogaer, Flemish Miniature Painting in the 15th and 16th Centuries (Amsterdam: B. M. Israe¨l, 1987), p. 103, fig. 58.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 165 p. 188.

Bernard Bousmanne, "Item a Guillaume Wyelant aussi enlumineur": Willem Vrelant: un aspect de l'enluminure dans les Pays-Bas me´ridionaux sous le me´ce´nat des ducs de Bourgogne Philippe le Bon et Charles le Te´me´raire (Brussels: Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, 1997), no. 8 pp. 180-82 with pls. 160-65.

Lilian M. C. Randall, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), III: Belgium, 1250-1530, 2 parts, pp. 346, 378, 421, 452, 503.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 12.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 124.


Images
* * *
 
Luke

f. 14v
Luke
Detail: Luke

f. 14v
Detail: Luke
Crucifixion

f. 27
Crucifixion
 
Crucifixion

f. 27
Crucifixion
Pentecost

f. 35
Pentecost
Detail: Pentecost

f. 35
Detail: Pentecost
 
Annunciation

f. 42
Annunciation
David in Penitence

f. 105
David in Penitence
David in Penitence

f. 105
David in Penitence
 
Peter and Paul

f. 182
Peter and Paul
Peter and Paul

f. 182
Peter and Paul
Apollonia

f. 190v
Apollonia
 
Detail: Apollonia

f. 190v
Detail: Apollonia

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