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Detailed record for Additional 15410

Title History Bible (Old Testament from Genesis-Esther), imperfect, including capitula (ff. 4-7v), with a commentary from the Historia Scholastica
Origin Netherlands, N. (Utrecht)
Date c.1440
Language Dutch
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Four artists, including the Master of Catherine of Cleves and his circle.
Decoration A full length miniature of Creation in seven parts and a large initial forming part of a full border with foliate decoration, including a further miniature, in colours and gold at the beginning of Genesis (f. 10). 18 miniatures and large initials in colours and gold at the beginning of most of the other books (ff. 54, 85, 102, 127v, 147v, 160, 175, 177v, 190, 207, 231v, 258, 263, 265, 283, 285, 291v, 295v); initial only for Habbacuk (f. 280v). Large initial in blue with foliate penwork decoration in red (f. 8). Initials in blue or red. Highlighting of letters in red. Rubrics and running headers in red. Cadels, some with faces.
Dimensions in mm 395 x 290 (285 x 195) in two columns
Official foliation ff. iii + 301 + iii (+ 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 18th century, leather over boards.
Provenance Peter Oris (b. c.1582, d.1647), bought by him in Antwerp in 1611 from the bookseller and printer Ghislenus Janssens: inscribed calligraphic title pages in ink and gold, including his name and the date on f. 3 (ff. 2, 3) and inscription stating that Oris 'read this Bible from beginning to end on 26 July 1616' (f. 301v);
Johan Meerman (b. 1753, d. 1815), a collector in The Hague: the public sale of his library in 1824: bought by Thomas Rodd, London bookseller.
Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (b.1801, d.1843): his bookplate with the ink inscription 'VI.E.a.1' (inside upper binding); his sale, 31 July-2 August 1844, lot 113, bought by Thomas Thorpe Junior, London bookseller.
Purchased from Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), London bookseller on 18 January 1845: inscribed 'Purchased of Tho. Rodd 18 Jan. 1845 (lot 113 of Super Sale)' (f. [ii]).
Notes According to The Golden Age (1990), this manuscript belongs to the second group of History Bibles (with miniatures at the beginning of books instead of close to the relevant passages in the text, as in the First Group).
ff. 1-3 are parchment leaves with inscriptions, ff. 2-3 in Dutch.
Artists' instructions on the seven folios attributed to the Cleves Master (effaced), according to The Golden Age.
The Cleves Master illustrated 7 miniatures in the central part of the Bible (Joshua through 4 Kings), according to Golden Age. A follower of the Cleves Master illustrated Genesis. Master 3 painted Exodus through Deuteronomy; Master 4, the seven books from Job through Esther.
Select bibliography Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 11.

Robert Priebsch, Deutsche Handschriften in England, 2 vols (in 1 vol.) (Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1979), II: Das British Museum mit einem Anhang über die Guildhall-Bibliothek (first publ. as 2 vols, Erlangen, 1896-1901), p.133.

Karel Frans Idesbald de Flou and Edward Gaillard, Beschrijving van Middelnederlandsche en andere handschriften die in Engeland bewaard worden (Ghent, Siffer, 1895), p.39.

Alexander Willem Byvanck and Godefridus J. Hoogewerff. Noord-Nederlandsche Miniaturen (1922-1925), no. 60.

Sandra Hindman, Text and Image in Fifteenth-Century Illustrated Dutch Bibles, Corpus Sacrae Scripturae Neerlandicae Medii Aevi Miscellanea, 1(Leiden: Brill, 1977), p. 137.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), pl. 58.

Robert G. Calkins, 'Distribution of Labor: The Illuminators of the Hours of Catherine of Cleves and Their Workshop', Translactions of the American Philosophical Society, 69 (1979), 3-83 (figs 36-38, 4-2),

The Golden Age of Dutch Manuscript Painting (New York: Braziller, 1990), no. 42 [exhibition catalogue with additional bibliography].

Wilhelmina C. M. Wüstefeld, 'Manuscript Painting in the Circle of the Master of Catherine of Cleves (ca. 1435-60): Tradition and Context of Utrecht, Museum Catharijneconvent, Ms. A B M h15', in Tributes in Honor of James H. Marrow. Studies in Painting and Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages and Northern Renaissance, ed. by Jeffrey F. Hamburger and Anne S. Korteweg, (Turnhout: Brepols, 2006), 585-599, pp. 587, 588, 591-599.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 148, fig. 134.


Images
* * *
 
Creation

f. 10
Creation
The parting of the Red Sea

f. 54
The parting of the Red Sea
Moses numbering the people

f. 102
Moses numbering the people
 
Moses numbering the people

f. 102
Moses numbering the people
Deutoronomy

f. 127v
Deutoronomy
Joshua

f. 147v
Joshua
 
An enthroned Judge accompanied by councillors

f. 160
An enthroned Judge accompanied by councillors
An enthroned Judge accompanied by councillors

f. 160
An enthroned Judge accompanied by councillors
Elkanah and his two wives and children

f. 177v
Elkanah and his two wives and children
 
Kings

f. 177v
Kings
Ezekiel

f. 263
Ezekiel

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