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Detailed record for Stowe 21

Title Book of Hours, Use of Rome
Origin Netherlands, S.
Date c. 1440
Language Latin and Netherlandish
Script Gothic
Artists Attributed to a follower of the Llangattock Master (see Backhouse 2004).
Decoration 10 large miniatures, accompanied by large decorated initials and full foliate borders, in colours and gold, for major text divisions (ff. 17, 20, 23, 39, 57, 60v, 65v, 68v, 76, 92); 3 miniatures are missing after f. 47 (Lauds), f. 62 (Sext), and f. 72 (Compline). 1 smaller decorated initial, accompanied by partial foliate borders, in colours and gold, at the beginning of a prayer (f. 33). Smaller initials (2 lines) in gold on red and blue grounds. Small initials (1 line) in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers decorated in red, blue and gold.
Dimensions in mm 170 x 120 (90 x 55)
Official foliation ff. 118 (+ 1 original leaf after f. 1; + 1 paper flyleaf at the beginning, and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather, 18th century; red edges; marbled endpapers.
Provenance Peter Penneman, 16th century: inscribed with his name (ff. 117v, 118), and his(?) motto 'Memor esto novissimma tua, et tu eternum non peccabis' (f. 2v).
J. L. Van de Walle, 1760: heraldic book-plate, inscribed 'no. 2' (inside upper cover) and inscription (f. 1).
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839), 1st duke of Buckingham and Chandos, of Stowe House, near Buckingham: inscribed with the press-mark 'Press 3 no. 15' (f. 1*), corresponding to his catalogue (O'Conor 1818-1819).
Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1797, d. 1861), 2nd duke of Buckingham and Chandos; sold in 1849 to Lord Ashburnham.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham, of Ashburnham Place, Sussex.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: purchased by the British Museum from him together with 1084 other Stowe manuscripts in 1883.
Notes The missing miniature after f. 47 at the beginning of Lauds in the Hours of the Virgin is Stowe 1061, f. 114 (Visitation).
The parts in Netherlandish at the beginning and the end with spaces for initials (ff. 3-4, and ff. 104-117v) are added in a contemporary hand; a missing text leaf after f. 111 is Stowe 1061, f. 118 (suffrage to Catherine).
Select bibliography Charles O'Conor, Bibliotheca Ms. Stowensis: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Stowe Library, 2 vols (Buckingham: Seeley, 1818-1819), II, 11-12.

Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1895-1896), I, no. 21.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), fig. 96.


Images
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Virgin and Child

f. 23
Virgin and Child
Detail

f. 23
Detail
Nativity

f. 57
Nativity
 
Detail

f. 57
Detail

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