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Detailed record for Harley 3694

Author Titus Livius , Lucius Annaeus Florus, Anonymous
Title Ab urbe condita, Fourth Decade (ff. 1v-151), Epitomies (ff. 152-186v), Periochae (ff. 187-214v)
Origin Italy, Central (Florence)
Date c. 1470 - c. 1480
Language Latin
Script Humanistic, written above top line
Scribe Hubertus W.
Artists Attributed to Francesco Rosselli (see Garzelli 1985)
Decoration Title page with gold majuscules on a blue ground, within a decorated roundel surrounded by flowering vines, gemstones, putti, and heraldic arms (f. 1v). 1 large historiated initial with a full foliate border, including historiated roundels and heraldic arms, at the beginning of Livy's Decade, in colours and gold (f. 2). 9 large decorated initials with partial white vine borders, in colours and gold, at the beginning of the subsequent books (ff. 9v, 17v, 31, 49v, 65v, 79v, 99v, 120v, 139). 2 large decorated initials with three-sided foliate borders, in colours and gold, at the beginning of the Epitomies and the Periochae (ff. 152, 187). 3 smaller decorated initials, in colours and gold, at the beginning of the subsequent books (ff. 159, 167v, 174). Small initials in gold on red, blue and green grounds.
Dimensions in mm 375 x 255 (245 x 145)
Official foliation ff. 215 (f. 215 is a parchment flyleaf; + 1 unfoliated medieval parchment leaf after f. 186; + 3 paper and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 2 paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation i-xviii10 (ff. 2-181), xix6 (ff. 182-186 + unfoliated leaf), xx-xxi10 (ff. 187-206), xxx8 (ff. 207-214)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance The text of this manuscript is copied or derived from the 1469 Rome edition: see de la Mare 1985.
Alfonso of Aragon (b. 1448, d. 1495), duke of Calabria, Alfonso II, king of Naples (1494-1495): his arms (ff. 1v, 2, 187).
Inscription, 16th? century: 'Selectus per .D. Regem.' (f. 215v).
Jean Bouhier II (b. 1673, d. 1746), of Dijon: inscribed with shelfmark 'CODEX MS. / Bibliothecae Buherianae / B. 19. / MDCCXXI.' (f. 1v).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts. Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), III, no. 3694.

W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 1860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pl. XV.18.

[George Warner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series I, (London: British Museum, 1907), pl. 50.

Paolo d'Ancona, La Miniatura fiorentina (secoli XI-XVI), 2 vols (Florence: Olschki, 1914), I, 61-62, II, no. 831.

[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 105.

T. De Marinis, La Biblioteca napoletana dei Re d'Aragona, 4 vols (Milan: Hoepli, 1947-52), II, 98-99.

C. E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 48, 52, 86-87.

Albinia de la Mare, 'New Research on Humanistic Scribes in Florence', in Miniatura fiorentina del Rinascimento, 1440-1525: un primo censimento, ed. by Annarosa Garzelli, 2 vols, ([Florence]: Giunta regionale toscana, 1985), I, pp. 395-574 (pp. 174, 505, II, pl. 572.

The Painted Page: Italian Renaissance Book Illumination 1450-1550, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander (London: Prestel, 1994), no. 48, pp. 13, 30.


Images
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Title page

f. 1
Title page
Title page

f. 1v
Title page
Livy

f. 2
Livy
 
Livy

f. 2
Livy
Putti and heraldry

f. 2
Putti and heraldry
Livy

f. 2
Livy
 
Decorated initial

f. 152
Decorated initial

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