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Detailed record for Royal 14 D I

Author Augustine, translated by Raoul de Presles
Title De civitate Dei, books 1-10, in French translation (La cite de Dieu)
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges?)
Date Last quarter of the 15th century
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration 11 miniatures in colours and gold, mostly fully or partially en grisaille, with full borders and foliate initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of each book and the prologue (ff. 1, 7, 41v, 97v, 178, 224v, 273v, 299v, 337v, 376v, 399). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white, at the beginning of chapters. Initials in gold with black pen-flourishing, or in blue with red pen-flourishing throughout the text. Line-fillers in rose and blue.
Dimensions in mm 405 x 290 (275 x 190), in two columns
Official foliation ff. 433 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. The Royal Library binding of brown leather with royal arms, gilt edges, and a date of 1757.
Provenance Unidentified coat of arms, azure a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules (f. 1).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 34; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 14.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Contains the first volume (books 1-10) of a French translation of the De civitate Dei of Augustine, by Raoul de Presles for Charles V, king of France. The second volume has not been identified.

Catchwords and bifolium signatures; guide letters.
Select bibliography W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 1860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pl. XV.12.

H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 9).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 138.

[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library: Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 117.

F. Saxl and H. Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages, III: Manuscripts in English Libraries (London: Warburg Institute, 1953), p. 198.

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 23-42 (pp. 29, 40).

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.34.

Scot McKendrick, ‘The Manuscripts of Edward IV: The Documentary Evidence’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 149-77 (p. 165).

A l'Escu de France: Guillebert de Mets et la peinture de livres a Gand a l'epoque de Jan van Eyck (1410-1450), ed. by Dominique Vanwijnsberghe and Erik Verroken, 2 vols (Brussels: IRPA, 2017), I, p. 361, 414, n. 32.
Last revised: 22 September 2009


Images
* * *
 
Augustine and Charles V

f. 1
Augustine and Charles V
Capture of a city

f. 7
Capture of a city
Text page

f. 17
Text page
 
Duel on foot

f. 41v
Duel on foot
Pillage

f. 97v
Pillage
Fall of idols

f. 178
Fall of idols
 
Fall of idols

f. 178
Fall of idols
Pope and Christian emperor

f. 224v
Pope and Christian emperor
Augustine teaching

f. 273v
Augustine teaching
 
Janus

f. 299v
Janus
Philosophy

f. 337v
Philosophy
Augustine and demons

f. 376v
Augustine and demons
 
Pope celebrating mass

f. 399
Pope celebrating mass

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