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Detailed record for Stowe 955

ff. 1-17 
Author Pierre Sala
Title Petit Livre d'Amour (Emblesmes et Devises d'Amour)
 
ff. 18-34 
Title Transcript of Pierre Sala's Petit Livre d'Amour (from part 1)
 
Origin France, Central (Paris) and S. E. (Lyon)
Date 1st quarter of the 16th century
Language French and Italian (f. 7v)
Script Pierre Sala's handwriting in gold on purple (f. 16v in mirror-script)
Scribe Pierre Sala
Artists Miniatures attributed to the Master of the Chronique scandaleuse (see Avril and Reynaud 1993); the portrait of Pierre Sala (f. 17) attributed to Jean Perréal. The Master of the Chronique scandaleuse left the face of Pierre Sala unfinished in his miniature on f. 6 for Jean Perréal, who did not complete it.
Decoration 12 emblematical miniatures (ff. 6, 7, 8, 9, 9*, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17); on the page facing each miniature is a quatrain inscribed in gold or purple, on a placard of gold or white, accompanied by designs or emblems containing the letters 'M' and 'P' in gold on a panel of silver, suspended from cords in a trompe-l'oeil design. All pages are coloured in purple.
Dimensions in mm 130 x 95 (85 x 70)
Official foliation ff. i + 34 (+ 1 original parchment flyleaf before f. 1 and 1 after f. 17)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. Purple velvet; original wooden carrying case covered with leather, coloured green and gold and carved with devices, among which are the letters P and M formed out of crossed compasses or staves; on the edges of the case are rings, intended for a chain to suspend the volume from the girdle.
Provenance Marguerite Builloud: at the beginning (ff. 1-4v) is an address in prose from the lover to his mistress, and at the end (f. 17) a portrait of the lover; on the back of this is written, 'Set de vray le portret de Pierre Sala mestre dotel de ches le roy avec des enimes quil avoit fet a sa mestresse qui estoit grand honcle a madame de Ressis laquelle est sortie de la mayson de Guillien en Quercy.' (f. 17v); the poems begin with 'Mon cueur veult estre en ceste Margueryte.' (f. 5v); throughout the letters M and P.
Marshal Junot, Duke of Abrantes: attached to the cover at the end is an extract from a sale catalogue, which states that the manuscript was formerly in his possession (f. 35).
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839), 1st duke of Buckingham and Chandos, of Stowe House, near Buckingham: inscribed with the press-mark 'Appendix vol. I. Catal Mss. Stowe no. 26' (f. 18), corresponding to his catalogue (O'Conor 1818-1819); '26' also inscribed inside the carrying case.
Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1797, d. 1861), 2nd duke of Buckingham and Chandos; sold in 1849 to Lord Ashburnham.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham, of Ashburnham Place, Sussex.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: purchased by the British Museum from him together with 1084 other Stowe manuscripts in 1883.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
A transcription of the content has been added later on paper (ff. 18-34), probably by Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839).
Select bibliography Charles O'Conor, Bibliotheca Ms. Stowensis: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Stowe Library, 2 vols (Buckingham: Seeley, 1818-1819), I, 57.

Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1895-1896), I, no. 955.

Grete Ring, A Century of French Painting 1400-1500 (London: Phaidon, 1949), no. 331, fig. 48.

Janet Backhouse, 'French Manuscript Illumination', in Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hill Press, 1983), 145-192 (no. 22 pp. 169-74).

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les manuscrits à peinture en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), no. 208 [exhibition catalogue].

Daniel S. Russell, Emblematic structures in Renaissance French Culture (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, (1995), pp. 63-64, 259.

Janet Backhouse and Yves Giraud, Pierre Sala: Petit Livre d'Amour, Stowe MS 955, British Library, London, Kommentar, Commentaire, Commentary (Luzern: Faksimile Verlag, 1994).

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 194.

Michael Camille, The Medieval Art of Love: Objects and Subjects of Desire (London: Laurence King, 1998), p. 110, pl. 96.

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 36.

Pamela Porter, Courtly Love in Medieval Manuscript (London: British Library, 2003), pp. 10-11.

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 141.

Erik Inglis, Faces of Power & Piety (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008), no. 14.

Paola Cifarelli, 'Pierre Sala et le Petit Livre d’Amour (manuscrit Londres, BL, Stowe MS 955)', in Le recueil au Moyen Âge: La fin du Moyen Âge, ed. by Tania Van Hemelryck and Stefania Marzano (Turnhout: Brepols, 2010), pp. 61-77.

Kings, Queens, and Courtiers: Art in Early Renaissance France, ed. by Martha Wolff (New Haven: Yale, 2011), no. 89 [exhibition catalogue].

Arts et Humanisme: Lyon Renaissance, ed. by Ludmila Virassamyna?ken (Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, 2015), cat. 67-68.


Images

ff. 1-17
Pierre Sala Petit Livre d'Amour (Emblesmes et Devises d'Amour)
* * *
 
Box

box
Box
Upper binding

upper binding
Upper binding
Lower binding

lower binding
Lower binding
 
Carrying case

Carrying case
Carrying case
Carrying case

Carrying case
Carrying case
Carrying case

Carrying case
Carrying case
 
Carrying case

Carrying case
Carrying case
Carrying case

Carrying case
Carrying case
Carrying case

Carrying case
Carrying case
 
Text page

f. 1
Text page
Text page

f. 1v
Text page
Text page

f. 2
Text page
 
Text page

f. 2v
Text page
Text page

f. 3
Text page
Text pages

ff. 3v-4
Text pages
 
Text page

f. 3v
Text page
Text page

f. 4
Text page
Text page

f. 4v
Text page
 
Emblem 'M'

f. 5
Emblem 'M'
Dedication and Pierre Sala

ff. 5v-6
Dedication and Pierre Sala
Emblem 'M'

f. 5v
Emblem 'M'
 
Pierre Sal

f. 6
Pierre Sal
Emblem

f. 6v
Emblem
Blind man's bluff

f. 7
Blind man's bluff
 
Emblems and quatrain

f. 7v
Emblems and quatrain
Table with a candlestick

f. 8
Table with a candlestick
Text page

f. 8v
Text page
 
Man and woman

f. 9
Man and woman
Man and jester

f. 9*
Man and jester
Text page

f. 9*v
Text page
 
Text page

f. 9v
Text page
Pilgrim and a man with a bell

f. 10
Pilgrim and a man with a bell
Emblems

f. 10v
Emblems
 
Two men grooming a horse

f. 11
Two men grooming a horse
Text page

f. 11v
Text page
Man carrying another

f. 12
Man carrying another
 
Emblems

f. 12v
Emblems
Two women

f. 13
Two women
Emblems

f. 13v
Emblems
 
Two women

f. 14
Two women
Emblems

f. 14v
Emblems
Man cutting down a tree

f. 15
Man cutting down a tree
 
Emblems

f. 15v
Emblems
Scythes and arrows

f. 16
Scythes and arrows
Mirror writing

f. 16v
Mirror writing
 
Portrait of Pierre Sala

f. 17
Portrait of Pierre Sala
Text page

f. 17v
Text page

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