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Detailed record for Royal 16 G VII

Title Les anciennes hystoires rommaines (Part 1, l'Histoire ancienne jusqu'a César: ff. 1-214v, Part 2, Li Fet des Romains: ff. 215-390v)
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date Last quarter of the 14th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 half-page miniature in 7 panels in colours and gold with scenes of the Creation, with a full bar border with vine leaf extensions, 2 large initials in colours and gold, and animals in the margins (f. 11). 1 half-page miniature in 4 panels in colours and gold with scenes from the life of Caesar, a full bar border with vine leaf extensions, 2 large initials in colours and gold, and birds in the margin (f. 219). 54 column miniatures in colours and gold (in quatrefoil frames with foliate or diapered grounds) (ff. 20v, 28, 37v, 46v, 51v, 54, 67v, 70, 82, 95v, 99, 107v, 121, 125, 133 v, 143, 146, 151, 159v, 168, 173v, 179v, 191v, 202, 209, 229, 234, 235v, 238v, 243, 247, 249, 251, 254v, 260, 272, 275v, 284v, 295v, 299v, 305v, 307, 313v, 320, 326v, 333, 339, 343, 350, 362, 366, 375, 380, 389). Partial bar borders with vine leaf extensions (some with dragons), and initials in colours and gold with vine motifs (ff. 1, 1v, 20v, 28, 37v, 46v, 51v, 54v, 67v, 70, 82, 95v, 99, 107v, 121, 125, 133v, 143, 146, 151, 159v, 168, 173v, 179v, 191v, 202, 209, 215, 229v, 234, 235v, 238v, 243, 247, 249, 251, 254v, 260, 272, 275v, 284v, 295v, 299v, 305v, 307, 313v, 320, 326, 333, 339, 343, 350v, 362, 366, 375, 380, 389). Large initials in blue with red pen-flourishing and in gold with black pen-flourishing. Small initials in blue with red penwork decoration, or in red or gold with black penwork decoration. Rubrics in red. Line fillers in blue and red. Paraphs in blue or red. Capitals marked in yellow.
Dimensions in mm 410 x 275 (285 x 180) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 390 (+ 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf + 3 unfoliated ruled parchment leaves at the beginning + at the end (2 of the parchment leaves are pasted to marbled endpapers)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1981.
Provenance Added marginal drawing in brown ink with the caption, 'Bose a Bylyngate' written in a 15th-century hand (f. 205).
Inscribed in a 15th-century hand, 'memorandum ţat Sir Henry Slyfeld' (f. 24).
?Shelfmark of a very large number in black ink (Carley's 'Old Large Number') 94.
George Rodiot: his name inscribed (f. 216v); also inscribed in Greek in a 16th-century hand (f. 217).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 94' (f. 1), included in the inventory of books in the Upper Library at Westminster of 1542; in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 14v.
Inscribed in 1625, 'King Charles God blesse him and longe to rainge' and 'Salisbery the 6th of Sept. 1625' (f. 57v).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes f. 29 is torn; the lower half is missing.
Instructions for the illuminator (?) (e.g. f. 173v (bottom margin, almost effaced).
Part I contains sections I-X of the first redaction of the text (see Jung pp 337-40);
(incipit): 'A mon commencement soit la grace. Ci empres sont nommes les liures principaulz'
Part I (explicit): ' 'fust greuable par tres tout le monde'.
Part II (inicipit): 'Chascuns homs a qui diex'
Part II (explicit): 'don’t il orent occis Cesar'
For descriptions of the miniatures see the BL Manuscripts Catalogue: http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/manuscripts/HITS0001.ASP?VPath=html/39397.htm&Search='anciennes+hystoires'&Highlight=T.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 212.

Louis-Fernand Flutre, Les Manuscrits des Faits des Romains (Paris: Hachette, 1932), pp. 41-42.

David John Athole Ross, Alexander Historiatus: A Guide to Medieval Illustrated Alexander Literature (London: Warburg Institute, 1963), p. 19.

Loren MacKinney, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 5, 2 parts bound together (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), with Thomas Herndon, Part II, Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts: A Checklist, no. 58.

Doris Oltrogge, Die Illustrationszyklen zur 'Histoire ancienne jusqu'a César', European University Studies, 28 (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1989), pp. 271-73.

Marc-René Jung, La Légende de Troie en France au moyen age (Basel & Tubingen: Francke Verlag, 1996), pp. 337-40, 343, 355-56.

J. P. Carley, 'Marks in Books and the Libraries of Henry VIII', Papers-Bibliographical Society of America, 91 (1997), 583-606 (p. 606).

Histoire Ancienne jusqu'a César (Estoires Roger), ed. by Marijke de Visser-van Terwisga, 2 vols (Orleans: Paradigme, 1999), vol 1 [an edition of the text], vol 2, p. 13.

Hanno Wijsman, 'Two Petals of a Fleur: The 'Copenhagen Fleur des Histoires' and the Production of Illuminated Manuscripts in Bruges around 1480', in Fund og Forskning I Det Kongelige Biblioteks, 47 (2008), 17-72 (p. 63, n. 87).
Last revised: 18 September 2009


Images
* * *
 
Creation

f. 11
Creation
Marriage of Abraham

f. 20v
Marriage of Abraham
Sacrifice of Isaac

f. 28
Sacrifice of Isaac
 
Jacob wrestling with an angel

f. 37v
Jacob wrestling with an angel
Joseph receiving his bretheren in Egypt

f. 46v
Joseph receiving his bretheren in Egypt
Ninus killing the king of Bactria

f. 51v
Ninus killing the king of Bactria
 
Finding of Oedipus

f. 54
Finding of Oedipus
War between Athens and Crete

f. 67v
War between Athens and Crete
Return of the Argonauts

f. 70
Return of the Argonauts
 
Dido welcoming Aeneas

f. 82
Dido welcoming Aeneas
King receiving a letter

f. 95v
King receiving a letter
Combat between Brutus and Tarquin

f. 99
Combat between Brutus and Tarquin
 
Three kings of Media

f. 107v
Three kings of Media
Philip of Macedon and Olympias

f. 121
Philip of Macedon and Olympias
Coronation of Alexander

f. 125
Coronation of Alexander
 
Alexander fighting with elephants

f. 133v
Alexander fighting with elephants
Messenger from Tarentum at Rome

f. 143
Messenger from Tarentum at Rome
Messenger from Tarentum at Carthage

f. 146
Messenger from Tarentum at Carthage
 
Death of Hannibal

f. 151
Death of Hannibal
Siege of Saragossa

f. 159v
Siege of Saragossa
Siege of New Carthage

f. 168
Siege of New Carthage
 
Philip V of Macedon receiving a letter

f. 173v
Philip V of Macedon receiving a letter
Taking of Carthage

f. 179v
Taking of Carthage
Rebuilding of Carthage

f. 191v
Rebuilding of Carthage
 
Pompeius besieging Ascalon

f. 202
Pompeius besieging Ascalon
Sulla defeating Archelaus

f. 209
Sulla defeating Archelaus
Birth of Julius Caesar

f. 219
Birth of Julius Caesar
 
Life of Julius Caesar

f. 219
Life of Julius Caesar
Life of Julius Caesar

f. 219
Life of Julius Caesar
Birds

f. 219
Birds
 
Bird and grotesque

f. 219
Bird and grotesque
Defeat of Catiline

f. 229v
Defeat of Catiline
Pompeius entering Jerusalem

f. 234
Pompeius entering Jerusalem
 
Caesar in battle

f. 235v
Caesar in battle
Caesar in battle

f. 238v
Caesar in battle
Caesar in battle

f. 243
Caesar in battle
 
Caesar in battle

f. 247
Caesar in battle
Caesar in battle

f. 249
Caesar in battle
Caesar's troops

f. 251
Caesar's troops
 
Caesar in battle

f. 254v
Caesar in battle
Caesar in battle

f. 260
Caesar in battle
Caesar in battle

f. 272
Caesar in battle
 
Caesar's troops

f. 275v
Caesar's troops
Caesar in battle

f. 284v
Caesar in battle
Crossing the Rubicon

f. 295v
Crossing the Rubicon
 
Women of Rome

f. 299v
Women of Rome
Pompeius' dream

f. 305v
Pompeius' dream
Caesar dividing the treasure

f. 307
Caesar dividing the treasure
 
Surrender of Africanus

f. 313v
Surrender of Africanus
Speech of Lentulus

f. 320
Speech of Lentulus
Pompeius attacked

f. 326v
Pompeius attacked
 
Pompeius receiving a letter

f. 333
Pompeius receiving a letter
Caesar besieged in Alexandria

f. 336
Caesar besieged in Alexandria
Combat of Caesar and Pompeius

f. 339
Combat of Caesar and Pompeius
 
Meeting of Pompeius and his wife

f. 343
Meeting of Pompeius and his wife
Escape of Pompeians

f. 350
Escape of Pompeians
Caesar attacking Alexandria

f. 362
Caesar attacking Alexandria
 
Caesar fighting with Juba

f. 375
Caesar fighting with Juba
Battle of Munda

f. 380
Battle of Munda
Murder of Caesar

f. 389
Murder of Caesar
 

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