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Detailed record for Harley 2863

Title Book of Hours, Use of Rome
Origin France, Central (Tours)
Date c. 1485
Language Latin, and some French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Master of Jean Charpentier (see Avril and Reynaud 1993).
Decoration 24 small calendar miniatures, incorporated in partial borders composed of the symbols of the Passion of Christ, in colours and gold (ff. 2-13v). 12 full-page miniatures with full borders composed of shells, derived from the heraldic arms of the owner, in colours and gold (ff. 14, 16, 17v, 19v, 21, 30, 44, 50, 56, 65, 71, 110v); 4 miniatures missing after ff. 36v (Lauds), 46 (Terce), 52 (None), 61 (Compline). All text pages with partial borders composed of the symbols of the Passion of Christ. Large decorated initials in gold on red or blue grounds. Small initials and line fillers in gold on red or blue grounds.
Dimensions in mm 155 x 100 (95 x 50)
Official foliation ff. 113 (f. 1 is a paper flyleaf; + 1 paper flyleaf before and 3 after f. 1 and 5 paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Gold-tooled blue leather; marbled endpapers; gilt edges.
Provenance Philippe de Commynes (b. 1447, d. 1511), statesman and chronicler: his arms (f. 30) and the shell of his arms used as border decoration.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley '1 Martij, 1720/21.' (f. 1). Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Added prayer [D]eus qui solus habes sapienciam by a contemporary hand with spaces for initials (ff. 112v-113v).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), II, no. 2863.

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les manuscrits à peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), p. 289 [exhibition catalogue].

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), fig. 14.


Images
* * *
 
Mark

f. 19v
Mark
Pieta

ff. 20v-21
Pieta
Annunciation

f. 30
Annunciation
 
Flight into Egypt

f. 56
Flight into Egypt
David and Bathsheba

f. 71
David and Bathsheba

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