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Detailed record for Royal 19 B XVII

Author Iacobus de Voragine, translated by Jean de Vignay
Title Legenda aurea
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 1382
Language French
Script Gothic
Artists Attributed to Pseudo-Jacquemart (ff. 2, 5, 9v)
Decoration 1 large miniature in colours and gold, with full bar borders with vine extensions (f. 5). 79 single column miniatures in colours and gold with full or partial bar borders with vine extensions. Foliate initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of major text divisions, some with vine extensions, or partial borders. Paraphs in red with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers in red and blue.
Dimensions in mm 305 x 220 (185 x 150)
Official foliation ff. 355 (+ 4 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. 19th century. Gilt and gauffered edges.
Provenance Written in 1382: colophon, 'Ceste legende fut escript lan mil. ccc. quatre vins et deus'.
A member of the Beaufort family, perhaps Margaret Beaufort, countess of Richmond and Derby (b. 1443, d. 1509), royal matriarch: crowned arms of Beaufort, earls and dukes of Somerset with the Beaufort's badge of a portcullis, red roses of Lancaster, and the Beaufort's motto 'Me sovent sovant' (Souvent me souviens), late 15th century (f. 1v).
William Fitzalan, 16th Earl of Arundel (b. 1417, d. 1487): probably his autograph inscription 'My tryst ys. Arundell (f. 5).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 119; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 11v.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Contains the Golden legend by Iacobus de Voragine translated in c. 1333-1348 by Jean de Vignay as Legende doree, originally for Jeanne de Bourgogne, queen of France (b. c. 1293, d. 1349), a translation that was very rare in England: see Sutton and Visser-Fuchs 1997 p. 64.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 11).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 330-31.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, VI (London: British Museum, 1930), pl. 4a.

Millard Meiss, 'The Exhibition of French Manuscripts of the XIII-XVI Centuries at the Bibliothèque Nationale', The Art Bulletin, 38 (1956) 187-96 (p. 192).

Loren MacKinney, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 5, 2 parts bound together (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), with Thomas Herndon, Part II, Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts: A Checklist, no. 62.

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late XIV Century and the Patronage of the Duke (London, 1967), I, p. 328.

Warren F. Manning, 'The Jean de Vignay Version of the Live of Saint Dominic', Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, 40 (1970), 29-46 (p. 45).

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sutton, 1997), p. 64 n. 90.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.99.

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse, Manuscripts and Their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2000), I, p. 389, n. 66.

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 83, pl. 69.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 79 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
Beaufort's arms

f. 1v
Beaufort's arms
Jerome

f. 2
Jerome
Jerome

f. 2
Jerome
 
Saints

f. 5
Saints
Saints

f. 5
Saints
Nicholas

f. 14
Nicholas
 
Coronation of the Virgin

f. 15
Coronation of the Virgin
Christ and Thomas

f. 18v
Christ and Thomas
Nativity

f. 21v
Nativity
 
Stephen

f. 26
Stephen
Stephen

f. 26
Stephen
John the Baptist

f. 28
John the Baptist
 
Slaughter of the Innocents

f. 30v
Slaughter of the Innocents
Thomas of Canterbury

f. 33v
Thomas of Canterbury
The Circumcision of Christ

f. 36v
The Circumcision of Christ
 
Epiphany

f. 39v
Epiphany
Hilary

f. 44
Hilary
Marcellus and Anthony

f. 46
Marcellus and Anthony
 
Sebastian

f. 48
Sebastian
Sebastian

f. 48
Sebastian
Sebastian

f. 48v
Sebastian
 
Agnes

f. 50
Agnes
Vincent

f. 51v
Vincent
John the Almoner

f. 55v
John the Almoner
 
Paula

f. 59
Paula
Paula

f. 59
Paula
Julian

f. 61v
Julian
 
Bishop

f. 63v
Bishop
Presentation in the Temple

f. 68
Presentation in the Temple
Agatha and Peter

f. 73
Agatha and Peter
 
Peter

f. 76v
Peter
Apostles

f. 78v
Apostles
Gregory

f. 80v
Gregory
 
Benedict

f. 86v
Benedict
Annunciation

f. 91
Annunciation
Crucifixion

f. 94
Crucifixion
 
Resurrection

f. 99
Resurrection
Ambrose

f. 105
Ambrose
George

f. 109
George
 
George

f. 109
George
Mark

f. 111
Mark
Marcellinus

f. 113v
Marcellinus
 
Peter Martyr

f. 116v
Peter Martyr
Peter Martyr

f. 116v
Peter Martyr
Philip

f. 122
Philip
 
James the Less

f. 122v
James the Less
Invention of the Cross

f. 126
Invention of the Cross
Margaret

f. 167v
Margaret
 
James

f. 176v
James
Cosmas and Damian

f. 266
Cosmas and Damian
Simon and Jude

f. 297
Simon and Jude
 

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