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Detailed record for Royal 19 C IV

Author Attributed to Évrart de Trémaugon
Title Le Songe du Vergier
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 1378
Language French
Script Gothic
Artists Master of the Bible of Jean de Sy
Decoration 1 full-page miniature in colours and gold of a debate between a churchman and a knight, preceding the text (f. 1v). 2 two-column miniatures in colours and gold, at the beginning of books 1 and 2 (ff. 2, 154), and 1 one-column miniature in colours and gold (f. 6), with large foliate initials in colours and gold, full bar borders with ivy extensions, and the royal arms of France in lower margins. 3 small foliate initials in gold and colours, with partial or full borders (ff. 74v, 154v, 192v). Initials, paraphs, and running titles in blue with red pen-flourishing, or in red with blue pen-flourishing. Line-fillers in red and blue. Marginal notes and catchwords in frames in red and blue.
Dimensions in mm 315 x 235 (205 x 130)
Official foliation ff. 247 (+ 4 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning; 1 blank leaf after f. 232)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1957.
Provenance Charles V (b. 1338, d. 1380), king of France, made for him as the presentation copy in 1378: erased inscription, 'Cest livre nomme le Songe du Vergier est a nous Charles Ve de ce nom roy de France et le fimes compiler translater et escrire lan mil ccc lxxviii. Charles R' (f. 247v); his portrait (ff. 1v, 2, 154), and the royal arms of France (ff. 2v, 6, 154); listed as borrowed by Évrart de Trémaugon in the 1380 inventory of his Louvre library [Delisle 1907, no. 434]; and included in the 1411 inventory of the Louvre library left to his son, Charles VI (see Delisle 1907, no. 433).
Charles VI (b. 1368, d. 1422), king of France: listed in the 1424 inventory of the Louvre library, no. 165, valued for his executors and priced 12 Parisian pounds (see Inventaire de la bibliothèque du roi Charles VI 1867).
John [John of Lancaster], duke of Bedford (b. 1389, d.1435), regent of France and prince, probably purchased by him with the entire library of Charles V after Charles VI's death.
Humfrey [or Humphrey of Lancaster], duke of Gloucester (b. 1390, d. 1447), prince, soldier, and literary patron, duke of Gloucester from 1414, and brother of John, duke of Bedford: erased inscription, 'Cest livre est a nous Homfrey Duc de Gloucestre' (f. 247v).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 437' (f. 2), included in the inventory of books in the Upper Library at Westminster of 1542; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 14v.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Includes the Songe du Vergier, a French translation of 1378 of the Somnium viridari compiled in 1376 and attributed to Évrart de Trémaugon, councillor to Charles V and maître des requêtes (see Schnerb-Lièvre, 1982, pp. lxxvii-lxxxviii); with a table of contents (ff. 233-247v). The manuscript is probably the presentation copy offered to Charles V of France in 1378.
Letters 'a, b, c, d' at the right top corner of each recto divide the whole volume into four sections (ff. 2-74, ff. 75-152, ff. 154-192, ff. 193-232).
Illuminated by the Master of Bible of Jean de Sy named after the Bible translated by Jean de Sy for John II of France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fr. 15397, formerly known as the Maitre aux Boquetaux (see Avril 1982, Stratford 2006).
Catchwords; correction signs 'cor' (e.g., f. 57v)
Select bibliography Paulin Paris, Les Manuscrits François de la Bibliothéque du Roi, leur histoire et celle des textes allemands, anglois, hollandois, italiens, espagnols de la même collection, 7 vols (Paris, 1836-1848), IV, p. 299.

Inventaire de la bibliothèque du Roi Charles VI, fait au Louvre en 1423, par ordre du régent duc de Bedford, ed. by Louis Douët d'Arcq (Paris: Socie´te´ des Bibliophiles Franc¸ais, 1867), no. 165.

The Palaeographic Society: Facsimiles of Manuscripts and Inscriptions, Second series, ed. by Edward Augustus Bond, Edward Maunde Thompson, and George Frederic Warner (London: Cloves and Sons, 1884-1894), II, pl. 169.

Léopold Delisle, Recherches sur la Librairie de Charles V, 2 vols (Paris: Champion, 1907), I, pp. 320-21, II, p. 74, nos 433, 434.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 254.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 334.

Louis Mourin, 'Le manuscrit ex-bement du Songe du verger', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 6 (1952), 95-102 (p. 96).

B. L. Ullman, 'Manuscripts of Duke Humphrey of Gloucester', in Studies in the Italian Renaissance, Storia e letteratura, 51 (Rome: Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1955), pp. 345-55 (p. 354 no. 15).

M. Lièvre, 'Notes sur le manuscrit original du Songe du Verger', Romania, 77 (1956) 352-60 (p. 353).

La Librairie de Charles V (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, 1968), no. 187 [exhibition catalogue].

Claire Richter Sherman, The Portraits of Charles V of France (1338-1380) (New York: College Art Association, 1969), pp. 30-31, fig. 13.

Claire Richter Sherman, 'Representation of Charles V of France (1338-1380) as a Wise ruler', Medievalia et Humanistica: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Culture, New Series 2 (1971) 83-96 (p. 91, fig. 13).

Francois Avril, Manuscript Painting at the Court of France: The Fourteenth Century (1310-1380) (London: Chatto and Windus, 1978), pl. 31, p. 101.

Francois Avril, L'enluminure à l'epoque gothique 1200-1420 (Paris: Famot, 1979), p. 87.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 912.

Fastes du Gothique: le siècle de Charles V, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais 1981-1982 (Paris, 1982), no 282 [exhibition catalogue].

Le Songe du Vergier, ed. by M. Schnerb-Lièvre, 2 vols (Paris, 1982) [edition of Royal MS 19 C IV with introduction and bibliography].

Patrick M. de Winter, 'The Grandes Heures of Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy: The Copyist Jean l'Avenant and his Patrons at the French Court', Speculum, 57 (1982) 786-843 (p. 797, n. 40).

J. J. G. Alexander, 'Painting and Manuscript Illumination for Royal Patrons in the Later Middle Ages', in English Court Culture in the Later Middle Ages, ed. by V. J. Scattergood and J. W. Sherborne (London: Duckworth, 1983), pp. 141-62 (p. 150).

Marta O. Renger, 'Some Distinctive Utrecht Workshop Procedures around 1400', in Masters and Miniatures: Proceedings of the Congress on Medieval Manuscript Illumination in the Nothern Netherlands (Utrecht, 10-13 December 1989), ed. by Koert van der Horst and Johann-Christian Klamt (Doornspijk: Davaco, 1991), pp. 315-26 (p. 315, fig. 2).

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H2.260, p. xxiv.

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 31.

Carra Ferguson O'Meara, Monarchy and Consent: The Coronation Book of Charles V of France: British Library MS Tiberius B VIII (London : Harvey Miller, 2001), pp. 114, 332, n. 7, ill. 11.

James P. Carley, The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives, preface by David Starkey (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 31.

Paris 1400: Les arts sous Charles VI (Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2004), no. 11 [exhibition catalogue].

David Rundle, 'Habits of Manuscript-Collecting: the Dispersals of the Library of Humfrey, Duke of Gloucester', in Lost Libraries: The Destruction of Great Book Collections since Antiquity, ed. by James Raven (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), pp. 106-24 (p. 120, n. 18).

Jenny Stratford, 'The Illustration of the Songe du Vergier and some Fifteenth-Century Manuscripts', in Patrons, Authors and Workshops: Books and Book Production in Paris around 1400, ed. by Godfried Croenen and Peter Ainsworth (Louvain: Peeters, 2006), pp. 473-88 (pp. 474, 476-80).

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 66.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 139 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 04 May 2011


Images
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Debate between a clerk and a knight

f. 1v
Debate between a clerk and a knight
Charles V of France

f. 2
Charles V of France
Charles V of France

f. 2
Charles V of France
 
Debate between a clerk and a knight

f. 6
Debate between a clerk and a knight
Debate between a clerk and a knight

f. 6
Debate between a clerk and a knight
Debate between a clerk and a knight

f. 6
Debate between a clerk and a knight
 
Text page

f. 32v
Text page
Text page

f. 41
Text page
Dragon

f. 74v
Dragon
 
Text page

f. 90
Text page
Debate between a clerk and a knight

f. 154
Debate between a clerk and a knight
Debate between a clerk and a knight

f. 154
Debate between a clerk and a knight
 
Illuminated initial

f. 192v
Illuminated initial

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