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Detailed record for Harley 2897

Part 1 ff. 154-452v 
Title Breviary (the 'Breviary of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria'), Use of Rome
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date c. 1410- 1419
Language Latin and some French
Script Gothic
Artists This manuscript formed originally a single volume with Additional 35311 and is the second part of the eponymous manuscript of the Master of the Breviary of John the Fearless (ff. 188v, 282, 282v, 283v, 284, 285, 285v, 288v, 290, 302, 303v, 315, 321v, 323, 326, 328v, 333, 336, 338, 338v, 339v, 340v, 347v, 350v, 351v, 353, 379, 381v, 399v, 406, 421, 422v, 426, 426v, 435).
This master shared the illumination of the small miniatures with the Egerton Master (ff. 159, 249, 252v, 254v, 258, 385), and an artist of the circle of the Humilities Master (ff. 156, 157v, 158v, 160, 161, 164v, 170, 179v, 182, 184 [begun by the Breviary Master?], 186v, 211v, 220, 225v, 228, 229v, 349, 358, 366v, 380, 390v, 394v, 396, 401, 404v, 407v, 440v, 444v, 447v, 449v) (see Meiss 1974).
Decoration 1 full-page miniature with a historiated initial and full foliate borders including angels and a woman supporting heraldic arms, in colours and gold (f. 188v). 56 small column-wide miniatures with large decorated initials and full or three-sided column-wide foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 156, 157v, 158v, 159, 160, 161, 164v, 170, 179v, 182, 184, 186v, 211v, 220, 225v, 228, 229v, 249, 252v, 254v, 258, 282, 282v, 285, 285v, 288v, 290, 315, 323, 326, 336, 338v, 339v, 340v, 349, 358, 366v, 379, 380, 381v, 385, 390v, 394v, 396, 401, 404v, 407v, 421, 422v, 426, 426v, 435, 440v, 444v, 447v, 449v). 14 large historiated initials with three-sided column-wide foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 283v, 284, 302, 303v, 321v, 328v, 333, 338, 347v, 350v, 351v, 353, 399v, 406). Large and small decorated initials (2 lines) with partial foliate borders or foliate extensions into the margins, in colours and gold. Small initials (1 line) in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 250 x 175 (150 x 100) in two columns
 
Part 2 ff. 1-153v 
Title Psalter, in the 'Breviary of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria'), Use of Rome
Origin Netherlands, S. (Ghent?)
Date c. 1425 - c. 1440
Language Latin and some French
Script Gothic
Artists Added portion attributed to the Master of Guillebert de Mets (see Winkler 1925).
Decoration 7 small column-wide miniatures with large decorated initials and three-sided column-wide foliate borders, in colours and gold, for Psalm divisions (ff. 23v, 33v, 42v, 50v, 62, 72v, 84); 1 missing after f. 6. 12 large decorated 'KL' letters (3- line) with three-sided column-wide foliate borders, in colours and gold, in the calendar (ff. 1-6v). Small decorated initials (2-line) with foliate extensions into the margins, in colours and gold. Small initials (1-line) in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 250 x 175 (150 x 100) in two columns
 
Official foliation ff. 453 (+ 2 unfoliated modern parchment leaves after ff. 154, 278; + 2 paper and 3 parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 2 parchment and 2 paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation i6 (ff. 1-6), ii8-1 (1st leaf excised; ff. 7-13), iii-xiv8 (ff. 14-109), xv6 (ff. 110-115), xvi8 (ff. 116-123), xvii4 (ff. 124-127), xviii-xix8 (ff. 128-143), xx10 (ff. 144-153); xxi8-1 (2nd leaf excised; ff. 154-160), xxii-xxv8 (ff. 161-192), xxvi8-1 (7th leaf excised; ff. 193-199), xxvii8-1 (7th leaf excised; ff. 200-206), xxviii-xxxvi8 (ff. 207-278), xxxvii8+1-1 (1st added leaf excised; ff. 279-286), xxxviii-liiii8 (ff. 287-422), lv8-1 (6th leaf excised; ff. 423-427)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Gold-tooled red leather; pink watered silk inlays; gilt edges.
Provenance This manuscript (summer portion) formed originally a single volume with Additional 35311 (winter portion).
John the Fearless (d. 1419), Duke of Burgundy, and his wife, Margaret of Bavaria: their arms (f. 188v).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley '21 June 1715' (f. 453v). Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes The manuscript bears references to the work of the Limbourg brothers, e.g., the Martyrdom of Mark (f. 282v) copies the composition in the Limbourgs's latest work, the Très Riches Heures, f. 19v (Chantilly, Musée Condé, ms. 65) (see Meiss 1974, esp. p. 232), started in c. 1410 after the completion of the Belles Heures in 1409 (New York, Cloister's, Acc. No. 54.1.1).
This manuscript (summer portion) formed originally a single volume together with Additional 35311 (winter portion). The Sanctorale in Additional 35311 breaks off at f. 388v; the catchword indicates its recommencement in Harley 2897 on f. 279.
After the division in two books, this manuscript was provided with its own calendar, ferial Psalter, and Common of Saints (ff. 1-153v).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), II, no. 2897.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 10.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), pp. 270-71.

Friedrich Winkler, 'Ein neues Werk aus der Werkstatt Pauls von Limburg', Repertorium für Kunstwissenschaft 34 (1911), 536-43.

Paul Durrieu, Les Très Belles Heures de Notre-Dame du duc Jean de Berry, Socie´te´ Franc¸aise de Reproductions de Manuscrits a` Peintures (Paris: [n. pub.], 1922), p. 74.

[J. A. Herbert], _Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), p. 35.

Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 3, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1925), pls 29-31.

Friedrich Winkler, Die flämische Buchmalerei des XV. Und XVI. Jahrhunderts: Künstler und Werke von den Brüdern van Eyck bis zu Simon Bening (Leipzig: Seemann, 1925), pp. 29, 30.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-30), VI: French: Mid 14th to 16th Centuries, pl. 6b.

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late XIV Century and the Patronage of the Duke, 2 vols (London: Thames and Hudson, 1967), I, 355, 357, II, fig. 323.

Millard Meiss, with Kathleen Morand and Edith W. Kirsch, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Boucicaut Master (London: Phaidon, 1968), p. 93.

Millard Meiss, The Master of the Breviary of Jean Sans Peur and the Limbourgs, Lecture on Aspects of Art: Henriette Hertz Trust of the British Academy 1970 (London: Oxford University Press, 1971).

Millard Meiss, with Sharon Off Dunlap Smith and Elizabeth Home Beaton, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and Their Contemporaries, 2 vols (London: Thames and Hudson, 1974), I, 66, 169, 232-33, 234-37, 276, esp. 325-28, 393, 419, 471 n. 661, II, figs. 610, 618, 619, 621, 622, 893.

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), fig. 43.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), pl. 51.

P. M. De Winter, 'Christine de Pizan, ses enlumineurs et ses rapports avec le milieu bourguignon', in Actes du 104e Congrès National des Sociétés Savantes (1979) (Paris, 1982), 335-376 (p. 366, n. 46).

Maximiliaan P. J. Marten, ‘The Master of Guillebert de Mets: An Illuminator between Paris and Ghent?’, in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 921-39 (p. 931).

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), p. 258.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 4.

L'art à la cour de Bourgogne: Le mécénat de Philippe le Hardi et de Jean sans Peur (1364-1419) (Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 2004), no. 50 [exhibition catalogue].

Art from the Court of Burgundy (1364-1419) (Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 2004), no. 50 [exhibition catalogue].

Gregory T. Clark, 'The Influence of the Limbourg Brothers in France and the Southern Netherlands', in The Limbourg Brothers: Nijmegen Masters at the French Court 1400-1416, ed. by Rob Dückers and Pieter Roelofs (Nijmegen: Ludion, 2005), 209-35 (pp. 209-11) and cat. 115.

Jean A. Givens, ‘Reading and Writing the Illustrated Tractatus de herbis, 1280-1526’, in Visualising Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200-1550, ed. by Jean A. Givens, Karen M. Reeds, and Alain Touwaide, AVISTA Studies in the History of Medieval Technology, Science, and Art, 5 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), pp. 115-45 (p. 132).

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 54.

Gregory T. Clark, 'The Master of Guillebert de Mets, Philip the Good, and the Breviary of John the Fearless', Quarendo, 38 (2008), 279-98.


Images

Part  1   ff. 154-452v
Breviary (the 'Breviary of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria'), Use of Rome
* * *
 
January

f. 1
January
February

f. 1v
February
March

f. 2
March
 


f. 2v
Calendar

f. 3
Calendar
June

f. 3v
June
 


f. 4


f. 4v


f. 5
 


f. 5v


f. 6


f. 6v
 
Illuminated initials

f. 20v
Illuminated initials


f. 23v
Miniature

f. 23v
Miniature
 
Illuminated initials

f. 24v
Illuminated initials


f. 33v


f. 33v
 
Text page

f. 42
Text page
David

f. 42v
David
David

f. 42v
David
 
Text page

f. 47
Text page
Illuminated initials

f. 50
Illuminated initials


f. 50v
 
Miniature

f. 50v
Miniature
Illuminated initials

f. 61v
Illuminated initials
David

f. 62
David
 
David

f. 62
David
Illuminated initials

f. 62v
Illuminated initials
King and clerics

f. 72v
King and clerics
 


f. 72v
Miniature

f. 84
Miniature


f. 84
 
Illuminated initials

f. 100v
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 106
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 116
Illuminated initials
 
Illuminated initials

f. 116v
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 117
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 118v
Illuminated initials
 
Illuminated initials

f. 121
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 122v
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initial

f. 123v
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initials

f. 128
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 133
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 144v
Illuminated initials
 
Illuminated initials

f. 148
Illuminated initials
Augustine

f. 157v
Augustine
Preaching

f. 179v
Preaching
 
Preaching

f. 182
Preaching
Preaching

f. 184
Preaching
Writing

f. 186v
Writing
 
Ascension

f. 188v
Ascension
Detail

f. 188v
Detail
Priest

f. 211v
Priest
 
Priest

f. 220
Priest
Detail

f. 225v
Detail
Detail

f. 228
Detail
 
Detail

f. 229v
Detail


f. 249


f. 252v
 


f. 254v


f. 258
Decorated initial

f. 273v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 274
Decorated initial
George killing the dragon

f. 282
George killing the dragon


f. 282
 


f. 282v
Historiated initial

f. 283v
Historiated initial
Historiated initial

f. 284
Historiated initial
 


f. 285


f. 285v


f. 288v
 


f. 290
Historiated initial

f. 302
Historiated initial


f. 303v
 
Nativity of John the Baptist

f. 315
Nativity of John the Baptist
Nativity of John the Baptist

f. 315
Nativity of John the Baptist


f. 323
 
Historiated initial

f. 328v
Historiated initial
Historiated initial

f. 333
Historiated initial


f. 336
 
Historiated initial

f. 338
Historiated initial


f. 338v
Christopher

f. 339v
Christopher
 
Anne and Mary

f. 340v
Anne and Mary
Historiated initial

f. 347v
Historiated initial


f. 349
 
Historiated initial

f. 350v
Historiated initial


f. 351v
Historiated initial

f. 353
Historiated initial
 


f. 358


f. 366v
Bartholomew

f. 379
Bartholomew
 
Bartholemew

f. 379
Bartholemew


f. 380


f. 381v
 
Birth of the Virgin

f. 385
Birth of the Virgin


f. 390v


f. 394v
 


f. 396
Historiated initial

f. 399v
Historiated initial


f. 401
 


f. 404v
Historiated initial

f. 406
Historiated initial


f. 407v
 


f. 421


f. 422v


f. 426
 


f. 426v
Martin of Tours

f. 435
Martin of Tours
Cecilia and Valerian

f. 440v
Cecilia and Valerian
 


f. 444v


f. 447v

Part  2   ff. 1-153v
Psalter, in the 'Breviary of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria'), Use of Rome
* * *
 
Detail

f. 33v
Detail

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