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Detailed record for Additional 17333

Title Apocalypse (Revelation) with commentary by Berengaudus, in parallel Latin and French
Origin France, N. W. (Normandy)
Date c. 1320-1330
Language Latin and French
Script Gothic
Decoration 83 half-page images in colours with gold on diapered grounds, some with partial foliate borders containing birds and animals. Framed initials in colours or gold on coloured grounds.
Dimensions in mm 325 x 225 (190/250 x 185) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 47 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves, one marbled, and 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves and 1 paper flyleaf at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Green leather with gold tooling.
Provenance Dimidiating or split armorial shields (unidentified: Party per gold, a lion passant red and azure, fretty or), repeated in the intials on ff. 11v, 12, 13, 14, 15 16 and 16v, suggest that the patrons were a husband and wife, perhaps the couple pictured in NY, Metropolitan Museum, Cloisters MS (see Michael Michael, 'Last Things' (1999)).
The Chartreuse of Valdieu near Mortagne, in the diocese of Séez, inscribed 'Ex Libris Cartusiae Vallis Dei' in a hand of the 17th century (f. 1).
Bought by the British Museum on 6 May 1848 from Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), London bookseller.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The upper halves of 4 folios containing the images have been removed, leaving only lower half with the text (ff. 9, 13, 35, 44). One of these, f. 44 has been misbound. It should follow f. 45 as it contains the French text corresponding to the Latin on f. 45v.
This manuscript is connected stylistically with a group of Apocalypse manuscripts created in Normandy around 1320-1330: the Apocalypse of Saint-Victor (Paris, BnF MS lat. 14410), the Cloisters Apocalypse (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Cloisters Collection MS 68.174) and Namur, Grand Seminaire, MS 77.
All four are related to the Pontifical of Guillaume de Thiéville (Paris, BN lat. 973), see Morgan, 'French Interpretations' (2000), p. 142, and Avril, Fastes (1981), p. 304.
Based on an English source, according to Deuchler and Hoffeld, Cloisters Apocalypse (1971), p. 10.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1848-1853 (London: British Museum, 1868), p. 6.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 9.

Paul Meyer, 'Version Anglo-Normande en vers de l'apocalypse', Romania, 25 (1896), 174-257 (p. 184).

Léopold Delisle and Paul Meyer, L'Apocalypse en français au XIIIe siècle (Paris, 1901), no. 13, pp. xc-xci.

Georg Graf Vitzthum, Die Pariser Miniaturmalerei von der Zeit des hl. Ludwig bis zu Philipp von Valois und ihr Verhältnis zur Malerei in Nordwesteuropa (Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer, 1907), pp. 159-62.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 1, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1923), pl. 23.

E. G. Millar, Les principaux manuscrits à peintures du Lambeth Palace à Londres (Paris, 1924-1925), pp. 40, 42, 43-65.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-1930), V: Carolingian and French to early 14th century (1926), pl. 15.

Montague Rhodes James, The Apocalypse in Art, The Schweich Lectures of the British Academy, 1927 (London: British Academy, 1931), no. 13.

Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), no. 44.

Florens Deuchler and Jeffrey M. Hoffeld, 'Introduction', in The Cloisters Apocalypse, 2 vols (Zurich: Conzett and Huber, 1971), II, pp. 9-17 (p. 10).

Francis Klingender, Animals in Art and Thought to the end of the Middle Ages, ed. by Evelyn Antal and John Harthan (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971), p. 404 , pl. 237.

Lucy Freeman Sandler, The Peterborough Psalter in Brussels and other Fenland Manuscripts (London: Harvey Miller, 1974), p. 100.

Francois Avril, Franc¸oise Baron and Danielle Gaborit-Chopin, Les Fastes du Gothique: le siècle de Charles V (Paris: Editions de la réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1981), pp. 304-05, [exhibition catalogue].

Richard Kenneth Emmerson and Suzanne Lewis, 'Census and Bibliography of Medieval Manuscripts containing Apocalypse Illustrations, ca. 800-1500 II', Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 41 (1985), 367-409, no. 76.

Michael Michael, 'The Last Things: Representing the Unrepresentable' in The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come, ed. by Frances Carey (London: British Museum, 1999), p. 87, no. 17 [exhibition catalogue].

Nigel Morgan, 'Some French Interpretations of English Illustrated Apocalypses c. 1290-1330', in England and the Continent in the Middle Ages: Studies in Memory of Andrew Martindale, ed. by John Mitchell, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 8 (Stamford: Shaun Tyas, 2000), pp.137-56 (pp. 142, 144-45, pls 3, 9).

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 55.

Nigel J. Morgan, ‘History and context of illustrated Apocalypses’, in Apocalipsis Yates Thompson (MS. 10) (London: British Library, 2010), p. 20.


Images
* * *
 
White horse

f. 5v
White horse
The earthquake

f. 8
The earthquake
Fire cast on the earth

f. 9
Fire cast on the earth
 
Falling star and locusts

f. 12v
Falling star and locusts
Woman clothed with the sun

f. 19
Woman clothed with the sun
War in Heaven

f. 19v
War in Heaven
 
Beast from the sea

f. 21v
Beast from the sea
Worship of the beasts

f. 23
Worship of the beasts
Blessed Faithful Dead

f. 26v
Blessed Faithful Dead
 
The Vintage

f. 28r
The Vintage
Harpers on a sea of glass with fire

f. 28v
Harpers on a sea of glass with fire
Sea of blood

f. 30
Sea of blood
 
Beast and Kings

f. 33
Beast and Kings
Angel summons birds

f. 35
Angel summons birds
Angel with a millstone

f. 37v
Angel with a millstone
 
Death of the harlot

f. 38
Death of the harlot
Battle with the dragon and his armies

f. 42v:
Battle with the dragon and his armies
John and the New Jerusalem

f. 45
John and the New Jerusalem
 
John and  the heavenly city

f. 45v
John and the heavenly city

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