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Detailed record for Additional 36684

Title Book of Hours (fragmentary), Use of St Omer, with prayers in French
Origin France, N. (Saint-Omer or Therouanne)
Date 1318-1330
Language Latin and French
Script Gothic
Decoration 24 bas-de page calendar miniatures in colours with gold (ff. 1v-13). 10 historiated initials on blue and rose grounds in gold frames with borders (ff. 39, 43v, 46v, 49, 56, 60, 77v, 78v, 83, 125). One framed miniature in colours with gold (f. 155). Full or partial bar borders on every page (except ff. 79-81), with hybrid creatures, animals and human figures. Numerous inhabited or zoomorphic initials in colours with gold. Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with decoration. Line-fillers in gold, blue and rose with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 155 x 105 (90 x 55)
Official foliation ff. i + 155 (+ 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf and 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather with gold tooling.
Provenance The Calendar contains a dedication of the Church of St Omer ('Sancti audomari', 17th October) on f. 11 and a prayer attributed to Pope John XXIII (r.1316-1334) and dated 1318 in the rubric: 'En lan del incarnation que Ihesus soffri passion mil iii.ccc. et xviii. ans fist ceste orison pape iehans et tant de fois que on le dira ccc. iours de pardons on aura' (f. 78).
John Ruskin (b. 1819, d. 1900), art critic and bibliophile, the bookplate, 'Ex Libris John Ruskin Brantwood' on the inside upper binding (b. 1819, d. 1900).
Bought by the British Museum from Denham and Co., London, 17 June 1902.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The second part of this manuscript is New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, MS M 754 (contents: Book of Hours fragment (ff. 1-114); life of St. Margaret (ff. 114-132v)). This part was published by Mme Théophile Belin in a partial facsimile edition of 1926, entitled Les Heures de Marguerite de Beaujeu, but this identification of the patron has subsequently been rejected.
Perhaps from the workshop responsible for The Sellers Hours (Dallas, Southern Methodist University, Bridwell Library MS 13, produced in St Omer c. 1325 (see McQuillen, 'Thomas of Lancaster (2004), p. 5) or the workshop that produced London, British Library, Additional 10292-10294, a copy of the French Prose Lancelot dated 1316 (Stones, 'Troyes 1905' (1990), p. 196, n. 34).
Contents:
ff. 1v-13v: Calendar;
ff. 14-59v: Hours of the Virgin (imperfect), with the first leaf missing;
ff. 60-75v: The seven Penitential Psalms and Litany;
ff. 75v-82v: Hymns and prayers, some with rubrics in French (imperfect at the end: one leaf missing);
ff. 83-124: Office of the Dead
ff. 125-155: Prayers and Psalms, beginning with a Commendation of the soul to the angels, incipit 'Sancti dei occurrite angeli domini'.
4 folios are missing from the Hours of the Virgin, probably with the miniatures for Matins (after f.13), Lauds (after f. 30) and None and Vespers (2 folios after f. 50).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1900-1905 (London: British Museum, 1907), p. 190.

George Frederick Warner, Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, II (London, 1907), pl. xxi.

James S. Dearden, 'John Ruskin, the collector: with a catalogue of the illuminated and other manuscripts formerly in his collection', The Library, 5th series, 21 (1966), p. 140, no. 33.

Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), no. 46.

Lilian M. C. Randall and others, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), I: France, 875-1420, n. 49, 54.

Alison Stones, 'Le Ms. Troyes 1905, le recueil et les enlumineurs' in Wace, La Vie de Sainte Marguerite, ed. by Hans E. Keller (Tu¨bingen: Niemeyer, 1990), 196 n. 34, 213.

Michael Camille, Image on the Edge: The Margins of Medieval Art (London: Reaktion, 1992), p. 11-12, pl. 14.

Paula Gerson, 'Margins for Eros', Romance Languages Annual, 5 (1993), 47-53.

Alixe Bovey, Monsters and Grotesques in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2002), p. 53, pl. 44.

F. O. Büttner, ‘Ce sera moy: Realitätsgehalt und Rhetoric in Darstellungen der Toten- und Vergänglichkeitsikonographie des Studengebetbuchs, in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 243-315 (pl. 16).

Manfred Kern, 'Der verhunte Falke. Anmerkungen zu einer möglichen Ästhetik der spätmittelalterlichen Liebeslyrik', Neuphilologus, 86.4 (2002), 567-86, pl. 1.

Christina Dondi, The Liturgy of the Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem: A Study and a Catalogue of the Manuscript Sources, Bibliotheca Victorina, 16 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), p. 122.

John T. McQuillen, 'Who was Thomas of Lancaster: New manuscript evidence', Fourteenth Century England, 4 (2004), 1-25 (pp. 5, 7-9).

Judith Steinhoff, 'Pregnant Pages: Marginalia in a Book of Hours (Pierpoint Morgan Library Ms. M.754 / British Library, Ms. Add.36684)', in Between the Picture and the Word: Manuscript Studies from the Index of Christian Art, ed. by Colum Hourihane (Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 2005), pp. 180-86.

Elizabeth Moore Hunt, 'The Naked Jongleur in the Margins: Manuscript Contexts for Social Meanings' in The Meanings of Nudity in Medieval Art, ed. by Sherry C. M Lindquist (Farnham : Ashgate, 2012), pp. 85-103 (pp. 90, 97 n. 8).

Derek Pearsall, Gothic Europe: 1200-1450 (Abingdon: Routledge, 2013), p. 162.

Kathleen Walter-Miekle, Medieval Pets (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014), p. 58, n. 24, pl. vi, fig. 7.


Images
* * *
 
Gemini

f. 6
Gemini
The Nativity

f. 39
The Nativity
Angels and shepherds

f. 43v
Angels and shepherds
 
Adoration of the Magi

f. 46v
Adoration of the Magi
Moth, monkey and hybrid creatures

f. 47
Moth, monkey and hybrid creatures
The Presentation

f. 49
The Presentation
 
The Flight to Egypt

f. 56
The Flight to Egypt
Harrowing of Hell and woman with a dog

f. 60
Harrowing of Hell and woman with a dog


f. 77v
 


f. 78v


f. 83r
Funeral

f. 125
Funeral
 
Monk

f. 125
Monk
Apes

f. 125
Apes

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