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Detailed record for Harley 2790

Title Gospels (The Gospels of St Cyr of Nevers or sometimes the 'Gedeon Gospels of Nevers'), with prefaces, canon tables, and list of readings (ff. 264-271v)
Origin France, Central (Tours?)
Date 1st quarter of the 9th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Artists Gedeon
Decoration Full-page canon tables with decorated architectural frames in ink with coloured washes, with interlace and/or foliate patterns, some with animals or animal heads (ff. 20-27v). Simple initials in red or brown, some now oxidised, a few with penwork decoration.
Dimensions in mm 320 x 225 (215 x 120)
Official foliation ff. 271 ( + 5 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red 'Harleian' binding with gold tooling; marbled endpapers.
Provenance Probably Tours (evidence of the script).
The cathedral of St Cyr, Nevers, before 860: inscribed with six elegiac lines recording the donation of the volume to the church of St. Cry by Herimann, bishop of Nevers (c. 841-859): 'Me quicumque legis Herimanni sis memor oro/ Cuius me studio possidet iste locus/ Obtulit eclesiae sibi commissae memorandus/ Praesul me fateor pro bonitatis ope/ Me sancto Cyrico tali sub conditione/ En dedit ut pereat qui cupit abstrahere' (f. 19v); added 12th-century inscription 'Notum fieri volumus omnibus sanctae dei ecclesiae filiis. quod ego hugo nivernensis episcopus rotgerius priorem abbatiae sanctae marie et sancti stephani cum duobus monachis arnulfo scilicet et adalardo theutonico propter in obedientiam quam dominum et michi fecerunt. feci venire nudis pedibus usque ad altare sancti cruci ante presentiam meam et titius ecclesiae. ad satis faciendum dominum et michi in ipsa festivitate sancti stephani post natali domini.' (f. 1v); added 12th-century list of the books of the abbot, and of vestments, and liturgical furnishings: 'hi sunt libri domni abb[ati] Brostagni' (f. 262v); added 10th- or 11th-century inscription 'Heac sunt nomina librorum qui sunt in armario Sancti Cyrici' (f. 263).
Nathaniel Noel, bookseller: sold to Edward Harley: see H. Wanley's diary, Lansdowne 772 ff. 30v, 33v.
Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by his librarian, Humfrey Wanley '13 die Mensis Augusti, A. D. 1724' (f. 1).
Edward Harley bequeathed his library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harleian manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Musical notation: neumes, central France (Nevers), late 10th century (ff. 261-262).
A 'Type II' Capitulary, according to Fischer 1985 p. 126.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), I, no. 55.

[E. Maunde Thompson and G. F. Warner], Catalogue of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1881-1884), Part II Latin, pp. 24-26.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 57).

E. K. Rand, A Survey of the Manuscript of Tours, Mediaeval Academy of America, 3, Studies in the Script of Tours, I (1929, MS facs. 299 (I), no. 27, pls. 40, 41.

Die Karolingischen Miniaturen, ed. by Wilhelm Koehler and Florentine Mütherich, 6 vols (Berlin: Deutscher Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 1930-99), 1, ed. by Wilhelm Köehler: Die Schule von Tours, 2 vols, I: Die Ornamentik, pp. 39, 41-42, 47-61, 71-72, 77, 179, 313, 320-23, 329, 336-38, 344,-45, 366-67, pls 5d-5f, 6b-6f.

Edward Kennard Rand, Review of Wilhelm Köhler , Die Karolingischen Miniaturen, Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen, 193 (1931), 337-51 (p. 340).

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen. 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), p. L no. 166*.

G. L. Micheli, L’enluminure du haut moyen age et les influences irlandaises (Brussels: Editions de la connaissance, 1939),

M. Huglo, ‘Un Nouveau Prosaire Nivernais’, Ephemerides Liturgicae, 71 (1957), pp. 27-28.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), no. 703.

R. H. Rouse and M. D. Reeve, 'Cicero: Speeches'' in Texts and Transmission: A Survey of the Latin Classics, ed. by L. D. Reynolds (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983), pp. 54-98 (p. 64).

Bonifatius Fischer, Lateinische Bibelhandschriften im frühen Mittelalter, Vetus Latina, 11 (Freiburg: Herder, 1985), pp. 126, 225, 258, 293, 295, 302, 304-5, 326, 330.

Hartmut Hoffmann, Buchkunst und Königtum im ottonischen und frühsalischen Reich , 2 vols, Schriften der Monumenta Germaniae Historica, 30 (Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1986) I, 64.

Bonifatius Fischer, Die Lateinischen Evangelien bis zum 10. Jahrhundert, 4 vols (Freiburg: Herder, 1988-1991), I: Varianten zu Matthäus, Vetus Latina die Reste der Altlateinischen Bible: Aus der Geschichte der Lateinischen Bibel, 13, p. 21*.

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), pp. 6-7, fig. 6.

Bernhard Bischoff, Manuscripts and Libraries in the Age of Charlemagne, trans. and ed. by Michael Gorman, Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology, 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994; most originally pub. in Mittelalterliche Studien: Ausgewählte Aufsätze zur Schriftkunde und Literaturgeschichte I-III (Stuttgart: Hieresmann, 1966-1981), pp. 30-1, n. 49.


Images
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Canon table

f. 20
Canon table
Decorated canon table

f. 20v
Decorated canon table
Canon table

f. 21v
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 22
Canon table
Decorated canon table

f. 22v
Decorated canon table
Canon table

f. 23
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 23v
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Canon table

f. 24
Canon table
Canon table

f. 24v
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 25
Canon table
Canon table

f. 25v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 26
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 26v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 27
Canon table
Text

f. 89
Text
 
Text

f. 89
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Text

f. 89
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John

f. 211
John
 

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