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Detailed record for Egerton 609

Title Gospels, with the Epistle to Damasus, Canon tables, and prefaces, imperfect
Origin France, W. (Brittany, or Tours?)
Date 9th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration 2 full page miniatures of Evangelist portraits of Mark and John (ff. 45v, 78v). Canon tables in frames in brown and yellow, some with animal heads (ff. 3v-7). 4 very large decorated or zoomorphic initials in brown, orange, yellow, and sometimes blue, at the beginning of the text, and of Matthew, Mark, and John (ff. 1, 8, 46, 79). 4 smaller initials in yellow, orange, brown and sometimes blue, one with zoomorphic features, at the beginning of prefaces (ff. 1, 2v, 44v, 77v). Highlighing of letters in orange and/or brown or yellow.
Dimensions in mm 310 x 210 (230 x 145)
Official foliation ff. 102 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red gilt leather with gold-tooled paper; marbled end-papers.
Provenance The Benediictine abbey of St Martin at Tours, 15th century inscription 'Iste Liber est de Ecclesia beatissimi Martini Turonensis' (f. 102v).
The abbey of Marmoutier, 18th century: inscription 'Majoris monasterii Congregationis S Mauri' (f. 1), followed y a title, and in the lower margin the number '87'.
Bought in 1836 by the British Museum, using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes This manuscript is part of the 'Irish-Northumbrian' group with the sigla 'DELQR', and is designed 'E': see Marsden 1999 p. 290 and n. 25.
Select bibliography List of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1836-1840 (London: British Museum, 1843), 1836, p. 42.

B. Bischoff, Katalog der festlandischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts, (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998), 2 vols. ii (2004), no. 2433.

[E. Maunde Thompson and G. F. Warner], Catalogue of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1881-84), Part II Latin, p. 30.

Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, 4th edn, ed. by Edward Miller, 2 vols (London: George Bell & Sons, 1894), II, 76.

John Chapman, Notes on the Early History of the Vulgate Gospels (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908), pp. 49, n. 1, 280 (as 'E').

J.Wordsworth and H.J. White, Novum Testamentum Domini nostri Iesu Christi latine: secundum editionem Sancti Hieronymi/ ad codicum manuscriptorum fidem recensuit Iohannes Wordsworth: in operis societatem adsumto Henrico Iuliano White, 3 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1889-1935) Designated 'E', (I, p. xi)

P. McGurk, 'The Gospel Book in Celtic Lands before AD 850: Contents and Arrangement', in Ireland and Christendom: The Bible and the Missions, ed. By Proinseas Ni Chathain and Michael Richter, (Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1987) pp.165-89. (pp. 176, 189)

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingischen Miniaturen', in Zweiten Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 51-77 (p. 62).

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 50.

Edward Kennard Rand, A Survey of the Manuscripts of Tours, Studies in the Script of Tours, 1, 2 vols (Cambridge, Massachusetts, Mediaeval Academy of America, 1929), I, no. 140, II, pl. 15 [with additional bibliography].

Wilhelm Köhler, Review of Edward Kennard Rand, A Survey of the Manuscripts of Tours, Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen, 193 (1931), 321-36 (p. 326).

C. R. Morey, ‘The Gospel-Book of Landevennec: The Illumination of the Landevennec Gospels’, Art Studies: Medieval Renaissance and Modern (1931), 258-62 (p. 260 n. 3).

H. H. Glunz, History of the Vulgate in England from Alcuin to Roger Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1933), no. 31.

G. L. Micheli, L’enluminure du haut moyen age et les influences irlandaises (Brussels: Editions de la connaissance, 1939), pp. 97-98, pls 140, 143.

Wilhelm Koehler, ‘The Fragments of an Eighth-Century Gospel Book in the Morgan Library (M. 564)', in Studies in Art and Literature for Belle da Costa Greene, ed. by Dorothy Miner (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1954), pp. 238-65 (p. 256, as ‘E’).

René Crozet, 'Les représentations anthropo-zoomorphiques des évangelistes dans l'enluminure et dans la peinture murale aux époques carolingienne et romane', Cahiers de civilization médiévale, 1 (1958), 182-91 (p. 184).

Francis Wormald, An Early Breton Gospel Book, ed. by Jonathan Alexander (Cambridge: Roxburghe Club, 1977), pp. 14 n. 6, 19 n. 3.

J. J. G. Alexander, Insular Manuscripts: 6th to the 9th Century, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 1 (London: Harvey Miller, 1978), p. 79.

Bonifatius Fischer, Lateinische Bibelhandschriften im frühen Mittelalter, Vetus Latina, 11 (Freiburg: Herder, 1985), pp. 127, 134, 251.

Bonifatius Fischer, Beiträge zur Geschichte der lateinischen Bibeltexte, Vetus Latina, 12 (Freiburg: Herder, 1986), pp. 55, 206-7, 224-25, 227-28.

François Avril and Patricia Danz Stirnemann, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine insulaire VIIe-XXe siècle (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1987), p. 8.

Bonifatius Fischer, Die Lateinischen Evangelien bis zum 10. Jahrhundert, 4 vols (Freiburg: Herder, 1988-1991), I: Varianten zu Matthäus, Vetus Latina die Reste der Altlateinischen Bible: Aus der Geschichte der Lateinischen Bibel, 13, p. 17* (as 'Be').

Patrick McGurk, ‘The Disposition of Numbers in Latin Eusebian Canon Tables’, in Philologia Sacra: Biblische und patristische Studien für Hermann J. Frede und Walter Thele zu ihrem siebzigsten Geburtstag, ed. by Roger Gryson (Freiburg: Herder, 1993), pp. 242-58 (p, 252 n. 26, 255 n. 37).

Richard Marsden, 'The Gospels of St Augustine', in St Augustine and the Conversion of England, ed. by Richard Gameson (Phoenix Mill: Sutton, 1999), pp. 285-312 (pp. 290-91, 303) [with additional bibliography].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 39, fig. 26.


Images
* * *
 
Decorated initials

f. 1
Decorated initials
Decorated initial

f. 2v
Decorated initial
Canon table

f. 3v
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 4
Canon table
Zoomorphic initial

f. 8
Zoomorphic initial
Interlace initial

f. 44v
Interlace initial
 
Mark

f. 45v
Mark
Decorated initial 'I'(nitium) with animal heads and ...

f. 46
Decorated initial 'I'(nitium) with animal heads and ...
Decorated initial

f. 77v
Decorated initial
 
John

f. 78v
John
Zoomorphic word

f. 79
Zoomorphic word

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