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Detailed record for Harley 2823

Title Gospels (ff. 1-139) and capitulare evangeliorum (ff. 139v-150)
Origin France, W. ( Brittany)
Date 2nd half of the 9th century or 1st half of the 10th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Coloured canon tables with arches and pillars with capitals and bases in varying shapes, decorated with pen-drawn patterns (ff. 5-7v). Large coloured initials with interlace patterns at the beginning of Matthew ('L'[iber], f. 10v), Mark ('I'[nitium], f. 46), Luke ('Q'[uoniam], f. 71v), and John ('I'[n], f. 112v). Initials with coloured highlights (ff. 8v, 11, 44, 68v-71, 110v-113). Some initials in red or red and blue with penwork bar decoration.
Dimensions in mm 240 x 160 (190 x 110)
Official foliation ff. 150 (+ 5 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Collation i4 (ff. 1-4v); 2 single leaves (ff. 5-6v); ii-xix8 (ff. 7-150v).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1965.
Provenance Marginal additions throughout the manuscript in a 9th/10th-century hand.
John of Aneto, monk of Chartres: inscribed, in a 15th century hand, '... liber fuisse fratris Johannis de Aneto de conventu Carnotensi, ordinis fratrum predicatorum' (f. 139v).
Marginal French additions in a 15th century hand (f. 44, 48v, 74, 139v-140v).
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie (see Wright 1972): sold this manuscript to Edward Harley on 13 August 1724 (see Wright, p. 254). Harley's librarian describes the manuscripts sold on this date as part of a shipment to Noel lately arrived 'from beyond the Seas' (see Diary 1966, p. 304).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley '13 die mensis Augusti, A.D. 1724.' (f. 1). Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Some neumes in the genealogies of Matthew (ff.10v-11) and Luke (?f. 76) (see Benoit-Castelli and Huglo, p. 174).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2823.

[E. Maunde Thompson and G. F. Warner], Catalogue of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1881-1884), Part II Latin, p. 29.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingischen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 57).

Henry Jenner, 'The Bodmin Gospels,' Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 70 (1923), 113-45 (p. 144).

H. H. Glunz, History of the Vulgate in England from Alcuin to Roger Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1933), no. 10.

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen. 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), no. 171*, p. LI.

Georges Benoit-Castelli and Michel Huglo, 'L'Origine bretonne du graduel no. 47 de la Bibliothèque de Chartres,' Études Grégoriennes I (Paris: Abbaye Saint Pierre de Solesmes, 1954), pp. 173-78 (p. 174).

D. Francis de Meeûs, 'Chronique: Études Grégoriennes I, Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits 10 (1956): 275-81 (p. 281).

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), II: 1723-1726, p. 304, note 7.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 255, 417.

Francis Wormald, An Early Breton Gospel Book, ed. by Jonathan Alexander (Cambridge: Roxburghe Club, 1977), p. 13 n. 1.

Bonifatius Fischer, Die Lateinischen Evangelien bis zum 10. Jahrhundert, 4 vols (Freiburg: Herder, 1988-1991), Vetus Latina die Reste der Altlateinischen Bible: Aus der Geschichte der Lateinischen Bibel, p. 17* (all volumes).

Patrick McGurk, 'The Disposition of Numbers in Latin Eusebian Canon Tables,' in Philologia Sacra, ed. by Roger Gryson (Freiburg: Herder, 1993), pp. 242-58 (p. 257).

Richard Gameson, 'The Insular Gospel Book at Hereford Cathedral,' Scriptorium: Revue Internationale des Etudes Relatives aux Manuscrits 56 (2002), 48-70 (p. 50, n. 11).


Images
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Decorated initial

f. 10v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 46
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 71v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 112v
Decorated initial

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