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Detailed record for Arundel 57

Author Michel de Northgate
Title Ayenbite of Inwyt, Prophecies of Merlin (prose version)
Origin England, S. E. (Canterbury)
Date 1340
Language English, French, and Latin
Script Gothic
Scribe Michael de Northgate
Decoration 1 large puzzle initial in red and blue with purple and red foliate infill and pen-flourishing (f. 13). Small initials in red with purple foliate pen-flourishing or in blue with red foliate pen-flourishing, sometimes ending in zoomorphic figures. Paraph marks in plain red or blue.
Dimensions in mm 310 x 200 (240 x 145)
Official foliation ff. 108 (+ 3 paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Written by the monk Michael de Northgate in 1340 at the Benedictine abbey of St Augustine's, Canterbury: with his colophon 'Ymende thet this boc is volueld ine the eue of the holy aposteles Symon an Judas of ane brother of the choystre of sauynt Austin of Caterberi Ine the yeare of oure lhordes beringe 1340' (f. 94), and 'this boc is dan Michelis of Northgate ywrite an englis of his ozene hand. Thet hatte Ayenbyte of inwyt. And is of the bochouse of saynt Austines of Canterberi wid the lettres :C:C:', followed beneath by a monogram 'ML' for Michael, and by another 'C:C:' over an erasure (f. 2); press-mark of St Augustin's 'Dist. XVI Ga IIII' (f. 2) (see Montague Rhodes James, The Ancient Libraries of Canterbury and Dover: The Catalogues of the Libraries of Christ Church Priory and St. Augustine’s Abbey at Canterbury and of St. Martin’s Priory at Dover (Cambridge: University Press, 1903), no. 1536).
? Thomas Howard (b. 1585, d. 1646), 2nd earl of Arundel, 4th earl of Surrey, and 1st earl of Norfolk, art collector and politician.
Henry Howard (b. 1628, d. 1684), 6th duke of Norfolk, presented to the Royal Society in 1667.
The Royal Society, London (its ink stamp: 'Soc. Reg. Lond / ex dono HENR. HOWARD / Norfolciensis.', f. 13; its book-plate with the pencil inscription: ‘XV.7.17’, f. 1).
Purchased by the British Museum from the Royal Society together with 549 other Arundel manuscripts in 1831.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at
Only the illuminated part is described. Foliated in medieval arabic numbers from f. 13.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, 1 vol. in 2 parts (London: British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part I: The Arundel Manuscripts, p. 12.

W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 1860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pl. XIV.3.

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, H. L. D. Ward, pp. 307-08.

Carleton Brown, A Register of Middle English Religious & Didactic Verse , 2 vols (Oxford: Bibliographical Society, 1916-1920), I: List of Manuscripts, p. 259.

A. B. Emden, Donors of Books to S. Augustine’s Abbey Canterbury, Occasional Publication, 4 (Oxford: Oxford Bibliographical Society, 1968), p. 14 n. 138.

Dan Michel's Ayenbite of Inwyt or Remorse of Conscience, Early English Text Society, original series 23, 1st published 1866 (Oxford: University Press, 1965), (edition of Arundel 57).

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd ed., Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 42.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 435, II, pl. 222.

Margaret Laing, Catalogue of Sources for a Linguistic Atlas of Early Medieval English (Cambridge: Brewer, 1993), pp. 65-66 [with additional bibliography].

Ruth J. Dean, Anglo-Norman Literature: A guide to Texts and Manuscripts, Anglo-Norman Text Society, 3 (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), no. 18.

James H. Morey, Book and Verse: A Guide to Middle English Biblical LIterature (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000), pp. 166-67, 304.

B. C. Barker-Benfield, The Library Catalogue of St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, forthcoming.
Last revised: 02 December 2005

* * *
Puzzle initial

f. 13
Puzzle initial
Flourished initial

f. 32
Flourished initial
Flourished initials

f. 35v
Flourished initials
Decorated initials

f. 54v
Decorated initials
Decorated initial

f. 75
Decorated initial

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