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Detailed record for Royal 18 D II

ff. 6-162 
Author John Lydgate
Title Troy Book (ff. 6-146); Siege of Thebes (ff. 147v-162)
 
ff. 74, 75, 82 
Author John Lydgate
Title Troy Book
 
ff. 1v-5, 87, 93, 108v, 148, 151, 153v, 154v, 157v, 158v, 159, 160, 160v, 161, 161v, 163-211v 
Author John Lydgate, William Cornish, John Skelton, William Peeris
Title Testament and The reignes of the kyngis of England, A Treatise between Information and Truth; On the Death of the Earl of Northumberland; Le assemble de dyeus; Descent of the Lords Percy
 
ff. 87, 93, 108v, 148, 151, 153v, 154v, 157v, 158v, 159, 160, 160v, 161, 161v 
Author John Lydgate, William Cornish, John Skelton, William Peeris
Title Troy Book, Siege of Thebes, Testament and The reignes of the kyngis of England; A Treatise between Information and Truth; On the Death of the Earl of Northumberland; Le assemble de dyeus; Descent of the Lords Percy
 
Origin England, S. E. ( London?)
Date c.1457-1460
Language English
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration 5 miniatures in colours and gold with full (f. 6), or partial borders (ff. 30v, 66v, 95, 128) and foliate initials in colours and gold. Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white and marginal foliate extensions. Cadels (e.g., ff. 86v-87).
Dimensions in mm 395 x 280 (280 x 190)
Official foliation ff. i + 212 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end; ff. i, 112 are medieval parchment flyleaves; blank parchment leaf after f. 180)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with the royal arms; 18th century.
Provenance Sir William Herbert, 1st earl of Pembroke (b. c.1423, d. 1469), soldier and administrator, and his second wife Anne Devereux (d. c. 1486), married in 1455, probably designed as their presentation gift to Henry VI (b. 1421, d. 1471), or Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), probably before Herbert received the Garter in 1462: their portraits, and arms with mottos, 'e las sy longuement', and 'De toute'.
Henry Percy, 4th earl of Northumberland (b. c.1449, d. 1489), magnate, husband of Maud Herbert (d. c. 1485), daughter of William Herbert: arms of Percy and Lucy flanked by initials 'HP', accompanied by badges of crescent and shackle-bolt, and encircled by the Garter (f. 162).
Henry Algernon Percy, 5th earl of Northumberland (b. 1478, d. 1527), magnate: his motto 'ma comfort' inscribed in the ascender of a letter (f. 4v); a chronicle of the Percy family composed by his secretary, William Peeris in c. 1516-1523, inscribed 'Here begynnythe the prologue of this litle / treatyse folowinge, whiche is the discente / of the lorde Percis made and compilede / brevely by me William Peeris, clerke and / preste secretory to the right nobill Erle / Henry the Vyh Erle of Northumberlande' (f. 186); didactic poems transcribed from the walls and ceillings of Percy houses in Wressle and Leconfield (see Dickens 1955); Emblem of Percy moon receiving light from the Tudor sun (f. 200).
Catharine Edgecomb (d. 1553), widow of Sir Piers Edgecomb, or perhaps Katherine, daughter of Sir Robert Spencer of Spencercombe, wife of Henry Algernon Percy (d. 1542): inscribed 'Kateryne Eggcomb' (f. 1).
Henry Fitzalan, 12th earl of Arundel (b. 1512, d. 1580), magnate, son of Anne Percy, sister of the 5th earl of Northumberland: inscribed with his name 'Arundel' and motto, 'Virtutis laus acrio' (ff. i verso, 212v).
Added list of contents, late 16th century (f. 1).
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 1); listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 1238 (see The Lumley Library, 1956); passed to Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: his collection became part of the Royal Library: included in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 12.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Part 1 includes two works by John Lydgate, the Troy Book, a translation from Historia destructionis Troiae of Guido delle Colonne, originally presented by Lydgate to Henry V in 1420, and the Siege of Thebes of 1421-1422.
Part 3 includes:
John Lydgate, Testament (ff. 1v-5),
William Cornish (or Cornysh, d. 1523), A Treatise between Information and Truth (ff. 163-164);
John Skelton, On the Death of the Earl of Northumberland (ff. 165-166v), an elegy on Henry Percy, 4th earl of Northumberland, killed at Blackmoor Edge in 1489;
Le assemble de dyeus (ff. 167-180v);
John Lydgate, The reignes of the kyngis of England (ff. 181-183);
Description of arms of various kings entitled 'The blsyoure of the arms of kyngis' (ff. 183v-185v);
William Peeris, Descent of the Lords Percy, a chronicle of the Percy family, composed in c. 1516-1523 (ff. 186-195);
Proverbial and moral verses transcribed from the walls and ceilings of Percy's houses (see Dickens 1955) (ff. 195v-211v).
According to Parkes, the scribe of Part 3 (apart from ff. 163-164) also wrote Bodleian Archives, Selden B. 10, ff. 200-209v, containing Lydgate's Proverbs and bearing Percy arms.
Illuminated in three campaigns (Parts 1, 2, 4). The miniatures of the final stage were attributed to two artists, Gerard Horenbout (f. 148, see Kren and McKendrick 2003) and perhaps his daughter Susanna (see Backhouse 1997).
Catchwords, some written on scrolls (Part 1), or decorated (Part 3).
Select bibliography Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 16 and passim.

Henry Noble MacCracken, 'The Lydgate Canon', The Philological Society's Transactions, appendix (1907-09), iii-xlvi (pp. (xvi, xxv, xxvii).

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, 81.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 308-10.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), pp. 40, 90.

Henry Bergen, Lydgate's Tropy Book: A. D. 1412-20, edited from the best manuscripts, Early English Text Society, Extra Series, 97, 103, 106, 126, 4 vols (London: Early English Text Society, 1906-1935), IV, 15-19, I, p. x.

J. M. Manly and E. Rickert, The Text of the Canterbury Tales, Studied on the Basis of all Known Manuscripts, with a chapter on illuminations by M. Rickert, 6 vols (Chicago, 1940), I, pp. 576, 580.

Anglo-Flemish Art under the Tudors: An Exhibition held in the Department of Prints and Drawings (London: British Museum, 1954), no. 28.

A. G. Dickens, 'The Tudor-Percy Emblem in Royal 18 D II', Archaeological Journal, 112 (1956), 95-99 (pl. XIV).

E. Croft-Murray, 'Lambert Barnard: An English Early Renaissance Painter', Archaeological Journal, 112 (1956), 123-24, pls XXIIIb, XXIV.

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 156.

Malcolm B. Parkes, English Cursive Book Hands 1250-1500 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969), pl. 15.

Gisela Guddat-Figge, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Middle English Romances, Texte und Untersuchungen zur englischen Philologie, 4 (Munich: Fink, 1976), p. 87.

R. F. Green, Poets and Prince-pleasers: Literature and the English Court in the Late Middle Ages (Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1980), p. 155.

Kathleen L. Scott, The Mirroure of the Worlde MS Bodley 283 (England c. 1470-1480): The Physical Composition, Decoration and Illustration (Oxford: Roxburghe Club, 1980), pp. 45, 50. fig. 16.

Kathleen L. Scott, 'A Late Fifteenth-Century Group of Nova Statuta Manuscripts', in Manuscripts at Oxford: An Exhibition in Memory of Richard William Hunt (1908-1979), Keeper of Western Manuscripts at the Bodleian Library Oxford, 1945-1975, on Themes Selected and Described by some of his Friends, ed. by A. C. de la Mare and B. C. Barker-Benfield (Oxford: Bodleian Library, 1980), pp. 102-05, p. 103.

Manuscripts at Oxford: An Exhibition in Memory of Richard William Hunt (1908-1979), ed. by. A. C de la Mare and B. C. Barker-Benfield (Oxford: Bodleian Library, 1980), no. 23.

K. Seymour, 'Manuscripts Portraits of Chaucer and Hoccleve', Burlington Magazine, 124 (1982) 618-23 (p. 621, n. 9).

A. I. Doyle, 'English Books In and Out of Court from Edward III to Henry VII', in English Court Culture in the Later Middle Ages, ed. by V. J. Scattergood and J. W. Sherborne (London: Duckworth, 1983) pp. 161-81 (p. 179).

L. Lawton, 'The Illustration of Late Medieval Secular Texts with Special Reference to Lydgate's 'Troy Book'', in Manuscripts and Readers in Fifteenth-Century England: The Literary Implications of Manuscript Study: Essays from the 1981 Conference at the University of York, ed. by Derek Pearsall (Cambridge: Brewer, 1983), pp. 41-69 (pp. 54-58, 60, 66, 68-69).

Kathleen L. Scott, ‘Caveat Lector: Ownership and Standardization in the Illustration of Fifteenth-Century English Manuscripts’, in English Manuscript Studies, 1, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths (London: British Library, 1989), 19-63 (p. 58 n. 46).

Kathleen L. Scott, 'Design, Decoration and Illustration', in Book Production and Publishing in Britain 1375-1475, ed. by Jeremy Griffiths and Derek Pearsall (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 31-64 (p. 58, n. 41).

K. Harris, 'Patrons, Buyers and Owners: The Evidence for Ownership, and the Rôle of Book Owners in Book Production and Trade', in Book Production and Publishing in Britain 1375-1475, ed. by Jeremy Griffiths and Derek Pearsall (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 163-99 (pp. 187, n. 29, 188, n. 38, 193, n. 77, n. 194, n. 87).

C. M. Meale, 'Patrons, Buyers and Owners: Book Production and Social Status', in Book Production and Publishing in Britain 1375-1475, ed. by Jeremy Griffiths and Derek Pearsall (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 201-38 (pp. 215, 236, n. 104).

A. S. G. Edwards and D. Pearsall, 'The Manuscripts of the Major English Poetic Texts', in Book Production and Publishing in Britain 1375-1475, ed. by Jeremy Griffiths and Derek Pearsall (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 257-78 (pp. 265-66).

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490 (Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles), (Harvey Miller: London, 1996), no. 102 [with further bibliography].

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 207.

Janet Backhouse, Pictures from the Past: Using and Abusing Medieval Manuscript Imagery (Leicester: Medieval Research Centre: 1997), pls 9, 10, 12.

James H. Marrow, ‘The Pembroke Psalter-Hours’, in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 861-902 (p. 897).

Justin Clegg, The Medieval Church in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 46, pl. 37.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), no.130, pp. 431-32.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London, 2003), pl. 119.

R. W. Hoyle, ‘Percy, Henry Algernon, fifth earl of Northumberland (1478-1527)’,Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: University Press, 2004) [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21936, accessed 7 Aug 2009]

Jane Roberts, Guide to Scripts used in English Writings up to 1500 (London: British Library, 2005), p. 243.

Pat Naylor, 'Scribes and Secretaries of the Percy Earls of Northumberland, with Special Reference to William Peeris and Roya MS 18 D. II', in Tudor Manuscripts 1485-1603, ed. by A. S. G. Edwards, English Manuscript Studies, 15 (London: British Library, 2009), pp. 166-84.

Scot McKendrick, John Lowden, Kathleen Doyle, Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 73 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 02 January 2011


Images

ff. 6-162
John Lydgate Troy Book (ff. 6-146); Siege of Thebes (ff. 147v-162)
* * *
 
Text page

f. 2v
Text page
King enthroned

f. 6
King enthroned
King enthroned

f. 6
King enthroned
 
Wheel of Fortune

f. 30v
Wheel of Fortune
Wheel of Fortune

f. 30v
Wheel of Fortune
Text page

f. 31
Text page
 
Hector slaying Patroculus

f. 66v
Hector slaying Patroculus
Hector slaying Patroculus

f. 66v
Hector slaying Patroculus
Agamemnon and Achilles

f. 95
Agamemnon and Achilles
 
Agamemnon and Achilles

f. 95
Agamemnon and Achilles
Ajax and Agamemnon

f. 128
Ajax and Agamemnon
Ajax and Agamemnon

f. 128
Ajax and Agamemnon
 
Emblem of Percy moon receiving light from the Tudor sun

f. 200
Emblem of Percy moon receiving light from the Tudor sun

ff. 74, 75, 82
John Lydgate Troy Book
* * *
 
Calchas

f. 74
Calchas
Trojan Horse

f. 75
Trojan Horse
Greek tents overthrown

f. 82v
Greek tents overthrown
 
Arms of Percy and Lucy

f. 162
Arms of Percy and Lucy

ff. 1v-5, 87, 93, 108v, 148, 151, 153v, 154v, 157v, 158v, 159, 160, 160v, 161, 161v, 163-211v
John Lydgate, William Cornish, John Skelton, William Peeris Testament and The reignes of the kyngis of England, A Treatise between Information and Truth; On the Death of the Earl of Northumberland; Le assemble de dyeus; Descent of the Lords Percy
* * *
 
Calligraphic initial

f. 1v
Calligraphic initial
Troilus

f. 87
Troilus
Priam

f. 93
Priam
 
Priam

f. 93
Priam
Troilus

f. 108v
Troilus
Text page

f. 163
Text page
 
Text page

f. 165
Text page
Calligraphic initials

f. 166v
Calligraphic initials
Decorated initial

f. 198
Decorated initial
 

ff. 87, 93, 108v, 148, 151, 153v, 154v, 157v, 158v, 159, 160, 160v, 161, 161v
John Lydgate, William Cornish, John Skelton, William Peeris Troy Book, Siege of Thebes, Testament and The reignes of the kyngis of England; A Treatise between Information and Truth; On the Death of the Earl of Northumberland; Le assemble de dyeus; Descent of the Lords Percy
* * *
 
Pilgrims

f. 148
Pilgrims
Adrastus

f. 151
Adrastus
Adrastus

f. 151
Adrastus
 
Eteocles and Tydeus

f. 153v
Eteocles and Tydeus
Jocasta and Adrastus

f. 158v
Jocasta and Adrastus
Jocasta and Adrastus

f. 158v
Jocasta and Adrastus
 
Greek women

f. 160
Greek women
Theseus

f. 161
Theseus
Michael and Lucifer

f. 161v
Michael and Lucifer
 
Michael and Lucifer

f. 161v
Michael and Lucifer

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